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1871 in Canada

Years in Canada: 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874
Centuries: 18th century · 19th century · 20th century
Decades: 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s
Years: 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874

Events from the year 1871 in Canada.

Incumbents

Crown

Federal government

Provincial governments

Canada provinces 1871–1873

Lieutenant governors

Premiers

Territorial governments

Lieutenant governors

Elections

Events

January to June

  • March 10 – Government of Manitoba meets for the first time
  • April 2 – The first Canadian census finds the population to be 3,689,257
  • May 8 – The Treaty of Washington reaches agreements on fishing rights and Great Lakes trade between Canada and the United States
  • May 17 – New Brunswick abandons separate schools.

July to December

  • July 15 – Phoebe Campbell murders her husband with an axe. She is hanged the next year.
  • July 20 – British Columbia joins Confederation.
  • July 25 – Treaty 1 the first of a number of treaties with western Canada's First Nations is signed
  • August 17 – Treaty 2 is signed
  • November 11 – The last of the British army leaves Canada
  • November 13 – John McCreight becomes the first premier of British Columbia
  • December 14 – Marc-Amable Girard becomes the first Franco-Manitoban of premier of Manitoba, replacing Alfred Boyd
  • December 20 – Edward Blake becomes premier of Ontario, replacing J. S. Macdonald.

Full date unknown

Births

George Stewart Henry

Deaths

Modeste Demers

Historical Documents

Editorial says Confederation is BC's chance to remake itself[2]

Canada should refuse to permanently share its inshore fishery with the U.S.A.[3]

Fenian raid on Manitoba stopped at the border[4]

Manitoba Lieutenant-Governor thanks residents for rising to resist the Fenian invasion[5]

References

  1. ^ [elections.bc.ca]
  2. ^ "The Great Duty of the Hour," The Daily British Colonist and Victoria Chronicle, Vol. 25, No. 117 (April 28, 1871), pg. 2. Accessed 11 September 2018 [archive.org]
  3. ^ Joseph Pope, Memoirs of the Right Honourable Sir John Alexander Macdonald, G.C.B., First Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada (London: Edward Arnold, 1894), pgs. 90-1. Accessed 11 September 2018 [archive.org]
  4. ^ Adams George Archibald, Return to an Address of the House of Commons...for Copies of All Correspondence with Lieut.-Governor A.G. Archibald, of Manitoba...Regarding the Fenian Invasion of Manitoba, pgs. 4–5. Accessed 11 September 2018 [peel.library.ualberta.ca]
  5. ^ House of Commons, Report of the Select Committee on the Causes of the Difficulties in the North-West Territory in 1869–70 (Ottawa: Printed by I.B. Taylor, 1874), pgs. 147-9. Accessed 11 September 2018 [peel.library.ualberta.ca]