The 1851 Research Fellowship is a scheme conducted by the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 to annually award a three-year research scholarship to approximately eight "young scientists or engineers of exceptional promise". The fellowship is open to all nationalities and fields of science, including physical or biological sciences, mathematics, applied science, and any branch of engineering. The fellowship can be held anywhere in the United Kingdom.
Several other Fellowships are also awarded by the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, including the Research Fellowship in the Built Environment, Industrial Fellowships and the Research Fellowship in Design.
The research fellowship known as the 1851 Exhibition Scholarship, has been awarded to numerous scientists and engineers over the years, many of whom have become leaders in their fields.
Award recipients include:
- Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1917.
- William Noel Benson, a research geologist and academic
- Homi J. Bhabha, "father" of India's nuclear programme
- Sydney Brenner, British biologist/geneticist and winner of Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- Eric Burhop, Australian physicist
- Kelvin Campbell, South African / English urban designer, originator of 'Massive Small Theory'
- Roger Cashmore, English physicist
- James Chadwick, English physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics
- Hans Thacher Clarke, English-born biochemist who distinguished himself as University professor and Kodak researcher in the United States
- John Cockcroft, English physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics
- John Cornforth Australian chemist and winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Paul Dirac, English physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics
- Charles Goodeve, Canadian chemist
- Brian Grieve, Australian botanist
- George Harker, Australian scientist
- Rita Harradence Australian chemist
- Peter Higgs, British physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics
- Edwin Sherbon Hills, Australian geologist
- Fred Hoyle, British astronomer noted primarily for the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis and coining the term "Big Bang"
- Aaron Klug, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- June Lascelles, Australian microbiologist
- Leslie Martin, Australian physicist
- Harrie Massey, Australian physicist
- Thomas E. Nevin, Irish physicist
- Mark Oliphant, Australian physicist
- Cormac O'Ceallaigh, Irish physicist
- J. R. Partington, British chemist
- Joseph Pawsey, Australian radio astronomer
- William Penney, Baron Penney, English physicist
- Sir Robert Howson Pickard (1896), British chemist; Vice-Chancellor of the University of London
- Darshan Ranganathan, Indian chemist
- Robert Robinson, English chemist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Alistair Rowe, Australian Physicist
- Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Bernice Weldon Sargent, Canadian physicist
- Winifred Smith, English botanist
- Alexander Todd, Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Ernest Walton, Nobel Prize for Physics