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1849 in Canada

Years in Canada: 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852
Centuries: 18th century · 19th century · 20th century
Decades: 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s
Years: 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852

Events from the year 1849 in Canada.


Federal government




  • January 1 – King's College becomes the University of Toronto
  • February 10 – The Governor, Ministers, MPs and Montreal's council visit St. Hyacinthe, on the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad.
  • April 7 – A large fire engulfs Toronto's downtown section. Started at 1 a.m. of an unknown cause, it started behind a tavern in the market section catching some hay then spread rapidly before destroying numerous buildings, including St. James cathedral. Flames could be seen from across Lake Ontario at St. Catharines, 40 km distant.
  • April 25 – For sanctioning the Rebellion Losses Bill, Lord Elgin is mobbed by Tories and the Parliament House in Montreal is burned.
  • May – The Hayes House in Dalhousie Square leased for Parliamentary purposes. The parliament is to sit alternately in Quebec City and Toronto.
  • May 29 – Gen. Rowan, Administrator.
  • September 17 – The Stony Monday Riot takes place in Bytown
  • October 11 – The Montreal Annexation Manifesto is published
  • December 26 – Electors ask J. McConnell, M.P.P. for Stanstead, if he favours annexation, which they believe will, alone, relieve depression.

Full date unknown


George M. Dawson in May 1885.