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All 749 seats to the National Convention
Composition of the National Convention
The French National Convention election elected the National Convention.
The election of the deputies was held in early September and lasted three weeks; they were the first to be held under universal male suffrage; royalist and Girondin candidates were boycotted. To be an elector a citizen had to over 21, resident one year in his department and not a domestic servant. An elector could stand as a candidate in any constituency. To be a delegate or a deputy an elector had to be over 25. If at the first ballot no candidate received an absolute majority of votes cast, there was to be a second ballot at which only the top two candidates of the first could compete.
An absolute majority of the male deputies elected belonged to the Marais party, a political faction of vague but largely moderate policies. The Montagnards or Jacobins received 200 seats and the republican, though more moderate Girondin faction 160 seats. According to Ian Davidson these are not hard numerical facts. The election preceded the fall of the Gironde as a political faction, mainly because of the political and social unrest following the war started by the Girondist-dominated government in the spring of 1792.
Turnout was only 10%.