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1791 French legislative election

1791 French legislative election

29 August and 5 September 1791 1792 →

All 745 seats to the Legislative Assembly
  First party Second party Third party
  Condorcet.jpg B G de Lacépède.jpg Jacques Pierre Brissot de Warville.jpg
Leader Nicolas de Condorcet Bernard Germain de Lacépède Jacques Pierre Brissot
Party Constitutional Feuillant Jacobin
Leader's seat Seine Seine Seine
Seats won 345 264 136
Popular vote 1,978,000 1,505,000 774,000
Percentage 46.3% 35.4% 18.3%

French Legislative Assembly, 1791.svg
Composition of the Legislative Assembly

Elected President of the Assembly

Claude-Emmanuel de Pastoret

French legislative elections were held in September 1791 to elect the Legislative Assembly and was the first ever French election. However, only citizens paying taxes were allowed to vote. A plurality of the elected candidates were independents, but almost all were affiliated with the three political factions emerging in the new legislative assembly; the Marais, the Feuillants and the Jacobins (Montagnards, since they occupied the most elevated in the assembly). The factions were only vaguely affiliated to an organized program. The Feuillants did, however, support a constitutional monarchy, the Girondists a moderate republican policy and the Cordeliers a radical democratic constitution, supported by the lower classes. These factions preceded the later dominant factions: the Jacobin, the Girondists and the Marais party, consisting mainly of moderates.


Party Votes % Seats
  Constitutionals 1,978,000 46.3% 345
  Feuillants 1,505,000 35.4% 264
  Jacobins 774,000 18.3% 136
Total 4,300,000[1] 100% 745


  1. ^ Jacques Godechot (1965). Les Révolutions (1770-1799). PUF. pp. 306–309.