Events from the year 1775 in Canada.
- April 19 – The American War of Independence begins, at Concord and Lexington, Massachusetts.
- May 1 – A bust of George III is found, in Montreal, adorned with beads, cross, and mitre, with the words "Pope of Canada: Sot of England." A reward of 500 guineas does not lead to apprehension of the culprit.
- May 10 – Ethan Allen takes Fort Ticonderoga.
- June 9 – Martial law is proclaimed in Canada.
- August 21 – Generals Schuyler and Richard Montgomery, with 1,000 Americans come to Canada, and invite the inhabitants to rebel.
- September 17 – Montgomery besieges St. Johns.
- September 25 – Attempting to take Montreal, Ethan Allen and many of his 150 followers are captured, at Longue Pointe, and are sent to England.
- October 18 – The Americans capture Chambly.
- October 25 – On Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec from New England, his force begins crossing the height of land between Maine and Canada for the descent to the St. Lawrence River.
- November 3 – Hindered by Colonel Warner, of Vermont, Governor Guy Carleton cannot relieve St. Johns, which surrenders to Montgomery.
- November 12 – General Montgomery tells Montrealers that, being defenceless, they cannot stipulate terms; but promises to respect personal rights. He demands the keys of public stores, and appoints 9 a.m. tomorrow for the army's entrance, by the Recollet gate. (see "Nov 12, 1775 Articles of Capitulation" in Historical Documents, below)
- November 13 – The invaders appropriate royal stores.
- December 31 – At the Battle of Quebec, British forces repulsed an attack by the Continental Army to capture Quebec City and enlist French Canadian support.
- Having captured Montreal, American troops fail to take Quebec City or elicit local support, and withdraw within a year.
Continental Congress letter to Canadians, May 26, 1775 (two sources)
Gen. Richard Montgomery letter re Chambly capitulation, officers and stores captured, etc. (two sources; note: "St. John's" is Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu)
Gen. Montgomery letter re St.-Jean surrender and capitulation terms, stores captured, etc.
Col. Benedict Arnold's bedraggled regiment arrives at Quebec City from Maine, November 8, 1775
Defenceless Montreal citizens' capitulation terms rejected by Gen. Montgomery
- April 13 or 16 – Charles James Stewart, clergyman of the Church of England, bishop, and politician (d.1837)
- April 25 – William Warren Baldwin, doctor, militia officer, jp, lawyer, office holder, judge, businessman, and politician (d.1844)
- May 24 – Matthew Whitworth-Aylmer, 5th Baron Aylmer, army officer and colonial administrator (d.1850)
- September 13 – Laura Secord, heroine of the War of 1812 (d.1868)
- November 28 – Jean-Charles Létourneau, politician (d.1838)
- ^ "Letter to the oppressed inhabitants of Canada," Journals of Continental Congress, Volume II, pages 68–70 (May 29, 1775). Accessed 8 October 2017 [en.wikisource.org] and "Philadelphia, June 14. In Congress, May 26, 1775. To the Oppressed Inhabitants of Canada," The New-England Chronicle: or, The Essex Gazette, Volume VII, Number 361 (June 22–29, 1775), pg. 2, The Coming of the American Revolution 1764–1776, Massachusetts Historical Society. Accessed 8 October 2017. [www.masshist.org]
- ^ Richard Montgomery and Continental Congress Broadside Collection, "Extract of a letter from General Montgomery, dated camp before St. John's, October 20, 1775" (Philadelphia, 1775), Documents from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774–1789, Library of Congress. Accessed 8 October 2017 [memory.loc.gov] and "Extract of a Letter from General Montgomery, dated Camp before St. John's, October 20, 1775" Accessed 8 October 2017 [www.canadahistory.com]
- ^ "Extract of a Letter from Gen. Montgomery, dated Camp near St. John's, Nov. 3, 1775" Accessed 8 October 2017 [www.canadahistory.com]
- ^ Abner Stocking, An interesting journal of Abner Stocking of Chatham, Connecticut (Catskill, N.Y.: Eagle Office, 1810; reprint, N.Y.: W. Abbatt, 1921), pgs. 149-50. Accessed 8 October 2017 [iiif.lib.harvard.edu]
- ^ "Nov 12, 1775 Articles of Capitulation" Accessed 8 October 2017 [www.canadahistory.com]