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1692 ( MDCXCII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1692nd year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 692nd year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 17th century, and the 3rd year of the 1690s decade. As of the start of 1692, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
February 13 – Massacre of Glencoe: The forces of Robert Campbell slaughter 38 members of the Clan MacDonald of Glencoe in Scotland (from whom they have previously accepted hospitality), for delaying to sign an oath of allegiance to King William III of England.
March 1 – The Salem witch trials begin in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony, with the charging of 3 women with witchcraft.
March 22 – The Kangxi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty issues the Edict of Toleration, recognizing all the Roman Catholic Church, not just the Jesuits, and legalizing missions and their conversion of Chinese people. 
June 1– 3 – Nine Years' War – Battle of La Hogue: The Anglo-Dutch fleet gains a decisive naval victory over the French.
June 7 – Jamaica earthquake: An earthquake and related tsunami destroy Port Royal, capital of Jamaica, and submerge a major part of it; an estimated 2,000 are immediately killed, 2,300 injured, and a probable additional 2,000 die from the diseases which ravage the island in the following months.
June 8 – During a famine in Mexico City, an angry mob torches the Viceroy's palace and ignites the archives; most of the documents and some paintings are saved by royal geographer Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora.
June 10 – Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged for witchcraft.
February 25 – Karl Ludwig von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (d. 1775)
February 29 – John Byrom, English poet (d. 1763)
April 5 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (d. 1730)
April 8 – Giuseppe Tartini, Italian composer and violinist was born in Piran (d. 1770)
April 22 – James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770)
May 18 – Joseph Butler, English bishop and philosopher (d. 1752)
August 3 – John Henley, English minister (d. 1756)
August 18 – Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon, Prime Minister of France (d. 1740)
October 25 – Elisabeth Farnese, queen of Philip V of Spain (d. 1766)
November 2 – Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer, Dutch composer (d. 1766)
November 6 – Louis Racine, French poet (d. 1763)
November 15 – Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (d. 1775)
November 21 – Carlo Innocenzo Frugoni, Italian poet (d. 1768)
January 23 – John Page, American politician (b. 1628)
January 25 – Shubael Dummer, American Congregational church minister (b. 1636)
February 6 – George Durant, attorney in the Province of Carolina (b. 1632)
February 7 – Fernando de Valenzuela, 1st Marquis of Villasierra, Spanish noble (b. 1630)
February 14 – Thomas Rosewell, English minister (b. 1630)
March 3 – Countess Palatine Eleonora Catherine of Zweibrücken, sister of King Charles X of Sweden (b. 1626)
April 22 – Tomás de la Cerda, 3rd Marquis of la Laguna, Spanish nobleman (b. 1638)
April 23 – Edward Howard, 2nd Earl of Carlisle, English politician (b. 1646)
May 3 – Edward Evelyn, British politician (b. 1626)
May 9 – Albrecht of Saxe-Weissenfels, German prince (b. 1659)
May 12 – Princess Luisa Cristina of Savoy, Princess of Savoy (b. 1629)
May 14 – Robert Kirk, Scottish folklorist, Bible translator, Gaelic scholar (b. 1644)
May 18 – Elias Ashmole, English antiquarian (b. 1617)
June 3 – Marie de Bourbon, Countess of Soissons, wife of Thomas Francis (b. 1606)
June 7 – Pierre Bailloquet, Jesuit missionary to the Canadian Indians (b. 1612)
June 9 – Rebecca Rawson, Massachusetts heroine of the 1849 book Leaves from Margaret Smith's Journal (b. 1656)
June 21 – Christian Louis I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1658–1692) (b. 1623)
June 23 – Gerard Langbaine, English dramatic biographer and critic (b. 1656)
July 19 – Rebecca Nurse, accused Massachusetts witch (b. 1621)
July 23 – Gilles Ménage, French scholar (b. 1613)
July 31 – William Harbord, British politician (b. 1635)
August 1 – Sir John Carew, 3rd Baronet, English Member of Parliament (b. 1635)
August 3 – James Douglas, Earl of Angus, Scottish nobleman and soldier (b. 1671)
August 4 – Jean-Michel-d'Astorg Aubarède, Vicar Capitular of Pamiers (b. 1639)
August 14 – Nicolas Chorier, French historian,lawyer and writer (b. 1612)
August 19 – John Proctor, accused Massachusetts wizard (b. 1632)
September 3 – David Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor and author (b. 1617)
September 19 – Giles Corey, Massachusetts farmer and accused wizard (b. c. 1612)
September 21 – Ermes di Colorêt, Italian poet, political figure (b. 1622)
September 22 – Mary Eastey, American witch (b. 1634)
October 12 – Giovanni Battista Vitali, Italian composer (b. 1632)
October 23 – Alexander von Spaen, German general (b. 1619)
November 6 – Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (b. 1619)
November 21 – Henry Powle, English politician (b. 1630)
December 3 – Henry Mildmay, English politician (b. 1619)
December 9 – William Mountfort, English actor and dramatist (b. c. 1664)
December 18 – Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German statesman (b. 1626)