|Discovered by||S. Arend|
|Discovery site||Uccle Obs.|
|Discovery date||19 September 1950|
|MPC designation||(1583) Antilochus|
|1950 SA · 1926 VF|
|Jupiter trojan |
Greek  · background 
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||91.53 yr (33,430 d)|
|11.62 yr (4,244 d)|
|0° 5m 5.28s / day|
|Jupiter MOID||0.0264 AU|
U–B = 0.253±038
B–V = 0.752±020
V–I = 0.950±0.043
BR = 1.220±0.109
1583 Antilochus (// ann-TIL-ə-kəs), provisional designation 1950 SA, is a large Jupiter trojan from the Greek camp, approximately 108 kilometers (67 miles) in diameter. It was discovered on 19 September 1950, by Belgian astronomer Sylvain Arend at Uccle Observatory in Belgium, and later named after the hero Antilochus from Greek mythology. The dark D-type asteroid belongs to the 20 largest Jupiter trojans and has a rotation period of 15.9 hours. It forms an asteroid pair with 3801 Thrasymedes.
Antilochus is a dark Jovian asteroid orbiting in the leading Greek camp at Jupiter's L4 Lagrangian point, 60° ahead of its orbit in a 1:1 resonance . It is also a non-family asteroid in the Jovian background population.
It orbits the Sun at a distance of 4.9–5.4 AU once every 11 years and 7 months (4,244 days; semi-major axis of 5.13 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.05 and an inclination of 29° with respect to the ecliptic. The asteroid was first observed as 1926 VF at Heidelberg Observatory in November 1926. The body's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation at Uccle in September 1950.
In 1993, Andrea Milani suggested that Antilochus forms an asteroid pair with 3801 Thrasymedes, using the hierarchical clustering method (HCM), which looks for groupings of neighboring asteroids based on the smallest distances between them in the proper orbital element space. Asteroid pairs, which at some point in the past had very small relative velocities, are typically formed by a collisional break-up of a parent body. Alternatively, they may have been former binary asteroids which became gravitationally unbound and are now following similar but different orbits around the Sun.
The astronomer describes the finding as statistically significant though difficult to account for by a regular collisional event.[b] The Antilochus–Thrasymedes pair is not listed at the Johnston's archive.
This minor planet was named after prince Antilochus from Greek mythology. He was the youngest son of King Nestor (659 Nestor), close friend of Greek hero Achilles (588 Achilles) and commander of the Greek contingent of the Pylians during the Trojan War. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center in May 1952 (M.P.C. 770).
In December 2009 and June 2016, rotational lightcurves of Antilochus were obtained from photometric observations by American astronomer Robert Stephens at the Santana Observatory (646) and at the Center for Solar System Studies (CS3) in California. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 31.52 and 31.54 hours with an amplitude of 0.09 and 0.11 magnitude, respectively (U=2/2). Follow-up observations over a total of 11 nights by Stephens in August 2017 gave the so-far best-rated lightcurve with a period of 15.889±0.005 hours – which corresponds to half the period solution of the former results – and a slightly higher brightness variation of 0.12 magnitude (U=2+).[a]
According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite, and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Antilochus measures between 101.62 and 111.69 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.053 and 0.063. The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link adopts the results obtained by IRAS, that is, an albedo of 0.0633 and a diameter of 101.62 kilometers, with Pravec's revised absolute magnitude of 8.59.