This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.
1510s decade ran from January 1, 1510, to December 31, 1519.
July – Henry VIII of England's flagship, the , is launched at Mary Rose Portsmouth.
August 15 –  Capture of Malacca: Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Sultanate of Malacca, giving Portugal control over the Strait of Malacca, through which all sea-going trade between China and India is concentrated. The Sultanate then establishes rule from Johor, starting decades of skirmishes against the Portuguese to regain the fallen city. While taking the city, the Portuguese slaughter a large community of Chinese merchants living there. Malacca is the first city in  Southeast Asia to be taken by a Western nation, gaining home rule only in 1957, when it becomes part of Malaysia.
October 12 – James IV of Scotland's great ship, the , is launched at Michael Newhaven, Edinburgh.
November – The Treaty of Westminster creates an alliance between Henry VIII of England and Ferdinand II of Aragon' against France.
November 20 – The vessel , transporting Frol de la Mar Afonso de Albuquerque and the valuable treasure of the conquest of Malacca, sinks en route to Goa.
António de Abreu discovers Timor Island, and reaches the Banda Islands, Ambon Island and Seram.
Francisco Serrão reaches the Moluccas.
Juan Ponce de León discovers the Turks and Caicos Islands.
Pedro Mascarenhas discovers Diego Garcia, and reaches Mauritius in the Mascarene Islands.
Moldavia becomes a vassal of the Turkish Empire, on the same conditions as Wallachia: the voivode will be designated by the Turks, but will be Eastern Orthodox Christians. Also, the Turks are not allowed to build mosques, to be buried, to own land or to settle in the country. The
Florentine Republic is dismantled, and the Medici Family comes back into power. The word
is first used to denote a poetic drama. masque
Wolverhampton Grammar School is founded by Sir Stephen Jenyns, in England.
Paracelsus moves to Ferrara.
Possible date - Nicolaus Copernicus begins to write , an abstract of what will eventually become his Commentariolus heliocentric astronomy ; he sends it to other scientists interested in the matter by De revolutionibus orbium coelestium 1514.   
July 22 – Christian II becomes King of Denmark and Norway.
August 16 – Battle of Dubica (part of the Hundred Years' Croatian–Ottoman War): Croatian troops under Petar Berislavić, Ban (Viceroy) of Croatia, defeat an Ottoman army under Sanjak-bey Junuz-aga
August 16 – Battle of the Spurs (or Battle of Guinegate): English troops under Henry VIII defeat a French army under Marshal La Palice.
August 22 – Thérouanne is captured by Henry VIII of England.
September – The dispute between Johann Reuchlin and Johannes Pfefferkorn, relative to the Talmud and other Jewish books, is referred to Pope Leo X.
September 9 – Battle of Flodden: King James IV of Scotland is defeated and killed by an English army, under Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey. James's son, the Duke of Rothesay, becomes James V, King of Scots.
September 25 – Vasco Núñez de Balboa, "silent upon a peak in Darién", first sees what will become known as the Pacific Ocean.
October 7 – Battle of La Motta ( War of the League of Cambrai): Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona and Fernando d'Avalos decisively defeat those of the Republic of Venice under Bartolomeo d'Alviano, on Venetian territory.
December – Louis XII of France makes peace with the Pope and Spain.
January 10 – A great fire breaks out, in the Rialto of Venice.
March 12 – A huge exotic embassy sent by King Manuel I of Portugal to Pope Leo X arrives in Rome, including Hanno, an Indian elephant.
March – Louis XII of France makes peace with Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor.
May 2 – The Poor Conrad peasant revolt against Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg begins in Beutelsbach.
May 15 – The earliest printed edition of Saxo Grammaticus' 12th century Scandinavian history , edited by Gesta Danorum Christiern Pedersen from an original found near Lund, is published as Danorum Regum heroumque Historiae, by Jodocus Badius in Paris.
June 13 – , at over 1,000 tons the largest Henry Grace à Dieu warship in the world at this time, built at the new Woolwich Dockyard in England, is dedicated.  
June – Battle of Hornshole in the Scottish Borders: Young men from Hawick defeat a raiding party from England. 
July 2 – Manchester Grammar School is endowed by Hugh Oldham, the first free grammar school in England.
July 22 – At the First Congress of Vienna, a double wedding takes place to cement agreements. Louis, only son of King Vladislaus II of Hungary, marries Mary of Austria, granddaughter of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor; and Mary's brother, Archduke Ferdinand, marries Vladislaus' daughter, Anna.
August 25 – Conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar founds Havana, Cuba.
September 13– 14 – Battle of Marignano: The army of Francis I of France defeats the Swiss, thanks to the timely arrival of a Venetian army. Francis restores French control of Milan.
November 15 – Thomas Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal.
December 24 – Thomas Wolsey is named Lord Chancellor of England.
Rafael Perestrello, a cousin of Christopher Columbus, commands an expedition from Portuguese Malacca to land on the shores of mainland southern China, and trade with Chinese merchants at Guangzhou, during the Ming Dynasty. Portuguese soldier
Fernão Lopes becomes the first known permanent inhabitant of Saint Helena. The
Venetian Ghetto is instituted, the first ghetto anywhere in the world.
Leonardo da Vinci accepts Francis I's invitation to France.
Gillingham School is founded, the oldest in Dorset, England. The predecessor of the
Royal Mail, known as the Master of the Posts, is established by Henry VIII of England.
Fuggerei is established in Augsburg (Bavaria), as the world's oldest social housing complex still in use. The fall of the
Nantan meteorite is possibly observed near the city of Nantan, Nandan County, Guangxi (China).
July 4 – Martin Luther joins the debate regarding papal authority, against Johann Eck at Leipzig.
July 10 – The Prince of Ning rebellion begins, after Zhu Chenhao declares the Ming dynasty's Zhengde Emperor a usurper, and leads his army north in an attempt to capture Nanjing.
August 15 – Panama City is founded.
August 20 – Ming Dynasty Chinese philosopher and general Wang Yangming, governor of Jiangxi, defeats Zhu Chenhao, ending the Prince of Ning rebellion. Wang has expressed the intention of using fo–lang–ji cannons in suppressing the rebellion, probably the earliest reference in China to the breech-loading Frankish culverin.
September 20 – Ferdinand Magellan departs from Spain with a fleet of five ships, to sail westbound to the Spice Islands.
October 12 – Hernán Cortés and his men, accompanied by 3,000 Tlaxcalans, enter Cholula.
November 8 – Hernán Cortés enters Tenochtitlan, and the court of Aztec ruler Moctezuma.
^ van Gent, Robert Harry. "Islamic-Western Calendar Converter". Utrecht University . Retrieved . 2011-08-23
^ Mentioned by Zhang Xie writing a century later.
^ Grun, Bernard (1991). The Timetables of History (3rd ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 229. ISBN 0-671-74919-6.
^ Gingerich, Owen (2004). The Book Nobody Read: Chasing the Revolutions of Nicolaus Copernicus. New York: Walker. ISBN 0-8027-1415-3.
^ Koyré, Alexandre (1973). The Astronomical Revolution: Copernicus – Kepler – Borelli. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-0504-1.
^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 139–142. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
^ Paine, Lincoln P. (1997). Ships of the World: an Historical Encyclopedia. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-85177-739-2.
^ "Hornshole Battle Site". Discover the Borders . Retrieved . 2013-08-06
^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 197–204. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
^ Minster, Christopher (2015). "Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas (1484-1566) Part Two: Later Years". About.com . Retrieved . 9 February 2015
^ "Bartoleme de las Casas". OregonState.edu. 2015. Archived from the original on December 26, 2002 . Retrieved . 9 February 2015
^ Miller, J. after et al. "Earliest Uses of Symbols of Operation" Cajori, F. A History of Mathematical Notations.
^ Díaz del Castillo, Bernal. "Chapter 38". . Historia Verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España
^ Stanislawski, Dan (1983). . Ibero-Americana. The Transformation of Nicaragua 1519–1548 54. Berkeley; Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-09680-0.
^ Crosby, Jr., Alfred W. The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492.