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1147

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1147 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1147
MCXLVII
Ab urbe condita1900
Armenian calendar596
ԹՎ ՇՂԶ
Assyrian calendar5897
Balinese saka calendar1068–1069
Bengali calendar554
Berber calendar2097
English Regnal year12 Ste. 1 – 13 Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar1691
Burmese calendar509
Byzantine calendar6655–6656
Chinese calendar丙寅(Fire Tiger)
3843 or 3783
    — to —
丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)
3844 or 3784
Coptic calendar863–864
Discordian calendar2313
Ethiopian calendar1139–1140
Hebrew calendar4907–4908
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1203–1204
 - Shaka Samvat1068–1069
 - Kali Yuga4247–4248
Holocene calendar11147
Igbo calendar147–148
Iranian calendar525–526
Islamic calendar541–542
Japanese calendarKyūan 3
(久安3年)
Javanese calendar1053–1054
Julian calendar1147
MCXLVII
Korean calendar3480
Minguo calendar765 before ROC
民前765年
Nanakshahi calendar−321
Seleucid era1458/1459 AG
Thai solar calendar1689–1690
Tibetan calendar阳火虎年
(male Fire-Tiger)
1273 or 892 or 120
    — to —
阴火兔年
(female Fire-Rabbit)
1274 or 893 or 121

Year 1147 (MCXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events

By place

Second Crusade

  • Late Spring – A expedition of Crusaders leaves from Darthmouth in England to the Holy Land. Englishmen together with forces from Flanders, Frisia, Scotland, and some German polities. Leadership is provided by Hervey de Glanvill, an Norman nobleman and constable of Suffolk, he leads a fleet of some 200 ships. Bad weather forced the ships to take refuge at the mouth of the Douro River, on the Portuguese coast on June 16.
  • May–July – A German expeditionary force (some 20,000 men) under King Conrad III leaves Regensburg and passes into Hungary. The German nobility is headed by Conrad's nephew and heir, Frederick I, duke of Swabia. On July 20, Conrad crosses into the Byzantine Empire, and reaches Sofia – where Michael Palaiologos (a nephew of Emperor Manuel I) gives Conrad an official welcome and provides the Crusaders with food.[1]
  • June – A French expeditionary force (some 18,000 men) led by King Louis VII departs from Metz and travels through Bavaria. Louis is accompanied by the French nobility and his wife, Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine, heiress of France. At Regensburg – where it arrives on June 29, the Crusaders journey peaceably for fifteen days through Hungary and reach the Byzantine frontier at the end of August.[2]
  • July 1October 25Siege of Lisbon: King Afonso I (the Great) conquers Lisbon after a 4-month siege, with support of English, Flemish and German Crusaders.[3] The garrison surrenders on the guarantee that their lives will be spared. The Crusaders break the terms and take part in a bloody massacre.[4] Afonso rules from his capital at Coimbra and takes Sintra and Santarém, and sack Palmela.[5]
  • September 7 – The German crusaders suffer a natural disaster near Constantinople, when part of their encampment is swept away by a flash flood with considerable loss of life. Emperor Manuel I (Komnenos) orders the Crusaders to cross to Asia Minor by the Hellespont. Conrad III ignores the advice of Manuel and after some minor clashes with the Byzantines, pushes towards Constantinople.[6]
  • September 10 – The German crusaders under Conrad III reach Constantinople – where there is a frosty exchange of letters between Conrad and Manuel I. The German forces make camp at Galata on the northern shore of the Golden Horn. Manuel orders that a full-scale effort must be made to transport the Germans across the Bosporus, who are causing troubles by sacking the Philopatium.[7]
  • Autumn – Conrad III decides not to wait for the French and crosses the Bosporus into Asia Minor. He leads the German crusader army to Nicomedia, and divides his forces into two divisions. Conrad takes the knights and his professional soldiers across Seljuk central territory – while the baggage train, pilgrims and a defending force under Bishop Otto of Freising travel along the Aegean coast.[8]
  • October 45 – Louis VII arrives at Constantinople and joins with forces from Savoy under Amadeus III (his uncle) – who have taken the land route through Italy. Louis crosses the Bosporus, and leads the French crusader army into Asia Minor – where he hears in Nicaea of Conrad's defeat at the end of October. Louis sends a military escort for Conrad and agrees to rendezvous at Lopardium.[9]
  • The German crusaders under Otto of Freising follow the coastal road before turning inland, up the Gediz River valley to Philadelphia. Otto's force is ambushed by the Seljuk Turks, just outside Laodicea, losing many man killed or taken prisoner. Otto and the survivors struggle on to Adalia from where they sail for the Holy Land. Others, attempt to continue along the southern coast of Anatolia.[10]
  • October 25Battle of Dorylaeum: The German crusaders under Conrad III are defeated by the Seljuk Turks led by Sultan Mesud I. Conrad is forced to turn back and is during the retreat to Nicaea wounded by arrows. In Seljuk territory the Crusaders are harassed all the way and demoralised by the intensified attacks. Many of the weakest people fall behind and are captured by the Muslims.[11]
  • November – The combined forces of Louis VII and Conrad III meet at Lopardium and march along the coastal road via Pergamon and Smyrna to Ephesus – where they celebrate Christmas. Conrad still suffering from his wounds, sails back to Constantinople to be placed under the care of Manuel's own physicians. Meanwhile, the Crusader camp is attacked by Turkish raiders near Ephesus.[12]
  • December 24Battle of Ephesus: The French crusaders under Louis VII leave Ephesus, and ascend the Meander Valley. Louis is warned by messengers of Manuel, that Seljuk and Danishmendid forces are assembling west of Adalia. Louis ignores the advise and successfully fends off an ambush just outside Ephesus.[13]

Europe

Levant

Africa

By topic

Religion

  • Spring – Eugene III leaves Viterbo and travels to France. At the start of April he meets Louis VII at Dijon. It is agreed that Abbot Suger, Louis' adviser, governs France while Louis is away.

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 211–212. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 213–214. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 67.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 210. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  5. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 109. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  6. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 217. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  7. ^ David Nicolle (2009). The Second Crusade 1148: Disaster outside Damascus, p. 42. ISBN 978-1-84603-354-4.
  8. ^ David Nicolle (2009). The Second Crusade 1148: Disaster outside Damascus, p. 46. ISBN 978-1-84603-354-4.
  9. ^ David Nicolle (2009). The Second Crusade 1148: Disaster outside Damascus, p. 37. ISBN 978-1-84603-354-4.
  10. ^ David Nicolle (2009). The Second Crusade 1148: Disaster outside Damascus, p. 46. ISBN 978-1-84603-354-4.
  11. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 220. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  12. ^ David Nicolle (2009). The Second Crusade 1148: Disaster outside Damascus, p. 50. ISBN 978-1-84603-354-4.
  13. ^ Christopher Tyerman (2006). God's War: A New History of the Crusades, p. 326. Penguin Books.
  14. ^ Christiansen, Eric (1997). The Northern Crusades, p. 53. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-026653-5.
  15. ^ Barraclough, Geoffrey (1984). The Origins of Modern Germany, p. 263. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-30153-2.
  16. ^ Rogers, Clifford J. (2010). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology: Vol. 1, p. 36. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195334036.
  17. ^ David Nicolle (2009). The Second Crusade 1148: Disaster outside Damascus, p. 39. ISBN 978-1-84603-354-4.
  18. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 195–196. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  19. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc 2010. pp. 15–16. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  20. ^ Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'espace libyen au Moyen Age" (PDF). Retrieved January 17, 2012. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)