Rddhi (Sanskrit; Pali: iddhi) in Buddhism refers to "psychic powers", one of the six supernormal powers (abhijñā) attained by performing the four dhyānas. The normal Sanskrit meaning of ṛddhi is "increase, growth, prosperity, success, good fortune, wealth, abundance".
There are various places in literature that list and speak about the Iddhis. All of iddhis taught by the Buddha Gotama are listed in Sāmaññaphala Sutta, the second sutta of the Digha Nikaya, where the Buddha Gotama teaches them to the newly crowned King Ajātasattu, who asks the Buddha about the "Fruits of the Ascetic Life".
List of rddhi powers
Statue of Buddha performing the Miracle at Śrāvastī
, with flames above his shoulders. Gandhara
, 100-200 CE
According to Bowker, there are eight ṛddhi powers:
- Replicate and project bodily images of oneself,
- Make oneself invisible,
- Pass through solid objects,
- Sink into solid ground,
- Walk on water,
- Touch the sun and moon with one's hand,
- Ascend to the world of the god Brahmā in the highest heavens
According to the Iddhipada-vibhanga Sutta (SN 51.20)
- Having been one he becomes many; having been many he becomes one.
- He appears. He vanishes.
- He goes unimpeded through walls, ramparts, & mountains as if through space.
- He dives in and out of the earth as if it were water.
- He walks on water without sinking as if it were dry land.
- Sitting crosslegged he flies through the air like a winged bird.
- With his hand he touches & strokes even the sun & moon, so mighty & powerful.
- He exercises influence with his body even as far as the Brahma worlds.
In the book Great Disciples of the Buddha by Nyanaponika Thera and Hellmuth Hecker, there are several additional powers described.
- The Divine Eye (Clairvoyance)- this power allows one to see beings in other realms as well as see the future
- The Divine Ear (Clairaudience)
- Travel by Mind-Made Body (Astral Travel)
- Travel with the Physical Body (to other realms)
- Telekinesis (Supernormal Locomotion)
- The power of Transformation
- The ability to replicate one's body
- Penetration of others' minds (Thought Reading)
- Passing through solid objects
- Diving in and out of the Earth as if through water
- Walking on water
- Touching the sun and the moon with one's fingers
- Becoming invisible
- Recollection of past lives (some would call this a power, some would call it true knowledge)