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Kingdom of ʿĀd

قَوْم عَاد
Location of Qawm ʿĀd
CapitalIram of the Pillars
Common languagesOld South Arabian, Mehri
Arabian polytheism
• Established
• Disestablished

ʿĀd (Arabic: عَاد‎, ʿĀd) was an ancient tribe mentioned frequently in the Qurʾan.[1]

ʿĀd is usually placed in Southern Arabia,[2] in a location referred to as al-ʾAḥq̈āf ("the Sandy Plains," or "the Wind-curved Sand-hills").[1][3] The tribe's members, referred to as ʿĀdites, formed a prosperous nation until they were destroyed in a violent storm. According to Islamic tradition, the storm came after they had rejected the teachings of a Monotheistic prophet named Hud.[1][2] ʿĀd is regarded as one of the original Arab tribes, the "lost Arabs". Their capital may have been what is known as "Iram of the Pillars" in the Qurʾan although that may have been the name of a region or a people.[4][2][5]


In religious stories, Hud and the tribe of ʿĀd have been linked to a legendary king named ʿĀd, who ruled over a region whose capital was "Wūbar".[6]

Mentions in Qur'an

There are 24 mentions of ʿĀd in the Qurʾan, namely (7:65:2) (the second word of Surah 7, Verse 65), (7:74:7), (9:70:9), (11:50:2), (11:59:2), (11:60:10), (11:60:15), (14:9:9), (22:42:8), (25:38:1), (26:123:2), (29:38:1), (38:12:5), (40:31:5), (41:13:8), (41:15:2), (46:21:3), (50:13:1), (51:41:2), (53:50:3), (54:18:2), (69:4:3), (69:6:2) and (89:6:6).[7]

See also


  1. ^ a b c E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936. 1. BRILL. 1987. p. 121. ISBN 90-04-08265-4.
  2. ^ a b c Glassé, Cyril; Smith, Huston (January 2003). The New Encyclopedia of Islam. Rowman Altamira. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-7591-0190-6.
  3. ^ Quran 46:21 (Translated by Shakir). "And mention the brother of ‘Ad; when he warned his people in the sandy plains [al-ʾAḥq̈āf] ..."
  4. ^ Interview with Dr J. Zarins, Nova Online, Sept. 1996
  5. ^ Quran 54:23–31
  6. ^ E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936. 8. BRILL. 1987. p. 1074. ISBN 90-04-08265-4.
  7. ^ "The Quranic Arabic Corpus - Quran Search". Retrieved 18 March 2017.