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Ōchō (応長) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Enkyō and before Shōwa. This period spanned 11 months from April 1311 through February 1312.[1] The reigning emperor was Hanazono-tennō (花園天皇).[2]

Change of era

  • 1311 Ōchō gannen (応長元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Enkyō 4.

Events of the Ōchō era

Initially, former-Emperor Fushimi administered the court up through the time he took the tonsure as a Buddhist monk,[3] which happened after this nengō ended.[4]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ōchō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 733, p. 733, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 278–279; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 239–241.
  3. ^ Varley, p. 241.
  4. ^ a b c d Titsingh, p. 279.


  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
  • Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 6042764
  • Debnath, Neela (March 8, 2018). "Wild Wild Country on Netflix: When is Wild Wild Country released on Netflix?". Daily Express. Express Newspapers. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  • HT Correspondent (March 1, 2018). "Wild Wild Country trailer: New Netflix series will take you behind the controversial history of Osho". The Hindustan Times. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  • Turnquist, Kristi (March 14, 2018). "Netflix documentary on Rajneeshees in Oregon revisits an amazing, enraging true story". The Oregonian. Retrieved March 23, 2018.

"Wild Wild Country". Sundance Film Festival. The Sundance Institute. Retrieved March 13, 2018. Finberg, Daniel. "'Wild Wild Country': TV Review | Sundance 2018". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 13, 2018. Schager, Nick (March 12, 2018). "Inside the Crazy Sex Cult That Invaded Oregon". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 13, 2018. "Wild Wild Country (Season 1)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved April 13, 2018. Allen, Nick (16 March 2018). "Netflix Docuseries Wild Wild Country is Fascinating Entertainment". Ebert Digital LLC. Retrieved April 13, 2018.

External links

Preceded by
Era of Japan

Succeeded by
Shōwa (正和)