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İmam bayıldı

İmam bayıldı
İmam bayıldı AvL.JPG
A plate of İmam bayıldı served with yogurt and rice
Alternative namesİmambayıldı
Place of originTurkey
Region or stateMiddle East
Associated national cuisineOttoman
Serving temperatureRoom temperature or warm
Main ingredientsEggplant, onions, garlic, tomatoes, olive oil

Imam bayildi[1](Turkish: İmambayıldı,[2] literally: "the imam fainted";[3] is a dish in Ottoman cuisine consisting of whole eggplant stuffed with onion, garlic and tomatoes, and simmered in olive oil. It is a zeytinyağlı (olive oil-based) dish and is found in most of the formerly Ottoman regions. The dish is served at room temperature or warm.[4][5]

Imam bayildi is also well known under minor variants of the Turkish name in Bulgaria, Israel, North Macedonia, Greece (ιμάμ μπαϊλντί imám baildí, also less commonly known as μελιτζάνες ιμάμ melitzánes imam, aubergines "imam"), Albania, Armenia, and the Arab world (إمام بايلدي imām bāyuldi).[6] A similar dish is popular in Iran, although various other vegetables and herbs may also be added to the filling.

Origin of the name

The name supposedly derives from a tale of a Turkish imam, who swooned with pleasure at the flavour when presented with this dish by his wife, although other more humorous accounts suggest that he fainted upon hearing the cost of the ingredients or the amount of oil used to cook the dish.[7]

Another folktale relates that an imam married the daughter of an olive oil merchant. Her dowry consisted of twelve jars of the finest olive oil, with which she prepared each evening an eggplant dish with tomatoes and onions. On the thirteenth day, there was no eggplant dish at the table. When informed that there was no more olive oil, the imam fainted.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Speake, Jennifer; LaFlaur, Mark (2002). The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199891573. Retrieved 3 July 2019 – via Oxford Reference.
  2. ^ "TÜRK DİL KURUMU". Tdk.gov.tr. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  3. ^ Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall (15 October 2010). "Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall's aubergine recipes". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  4. ^ "Imam bayildi with BBQ lamb & tzatziki". BBC Good Food. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  5. ^ "Aubergines 'imam bayildi'". Financial Times. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  6. ^ Marie Karam Khayat and Margaret Clark Keatinge, Food from the Arab World, Khayats, Beirut, 1961.
  7. ^ John Ayto, The Glutton's Glossary: A Dictionary of Food and Drink Terms, Routledge, 1990, ISBN 0-415-02647-4, p. 146.
  8. ^ Gregory McNamee Movable Feasts: The History, Science, and Lore of Food, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006, ISBN 0-275-98931-3, p. 82.