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Û

Û, û (u-circumflex) is a letter of the Latin script.

Usage

Romanization

Romanization from Cyrillic

This letter is used in some standards of Cyrillic transliteration as the letter Ю:

Romanization from Chinese

It is used in Wade-Giles (one of the romanization systems in Chinese) for apical dental unrounded vowel as in tzû, tz'û, ssû, corresponds to present zi, ci, si in Pinyin respectively.

General writing systems

Afrikaans

In Afrikaans, û is a punctuated form of u and a usage example includes "brûe", plural of "brug" (= bridge).

Emilian-Romagnol

Û represents [uː] in Emilian dialects: in the Bolognese dialect, anvûd [aŋˈvuːd] means "nephews".

French

In French, û does not change the pronunciation of the letter u except in jeune "young", which is still often pronounced differently from jeûne "a fast". In some other words like mû, the circumflex has no disambiguating value; attempts have been made to abolish it in such words. See Circumflex in French. Û also often appears in words that used to have an "s" after the "u": the French word for August, août, used to be written aoust.

Friulian

Û represents the sound //.

Italian

Û is occasionally used to represent the sound /uː/ in words like fûrono (they were).

Kurdish

Û is used in Latin Kurmanjî in the Kurdish alphabet to represent a close central rounded vowel, /ʉ/.

Polish

In the Masovian dialect, û represents /ju:/.

Turkish

Û indicates palatalization of the preceding consonant: "sükûnet" (quietness) is pronounced /sycuːˈnet/.

Welsh

In Welsh, û is used to represent a long stressed u [ɨː] or [iː] when, without the circumflex, it would be pronounced as a short [ɨ] or [ɪ]: cytûn [kəˑtɨːn, kəˑtiːn] "agreed", bûm [bɨːm, biːm] "I was" as opposed to bum [bɨm, bɪm] "five" (soft-mutated prenominal form).

Character mappings

Character Û û
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX LATIN SMALL LETTER U WITH CIRCUMFLEX
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 219 U+00DB 251 U+00FB
UTF-8 195 155 C3 9B 195 187 C3 BB
Numeric character reference Û Û û û
Named character reference Û û
EBCDIC family 251 FB 219 DB
ISO 8859-1/3/4/9/10/14/15/16 219 DB 251 FB

See also