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|Motto||L'enseignement par la recherche, pour la recherche|
Motto in English
|Education through research, for research|
|Type||Grande école (École normale supérieure)|
|350 researchers, 220 professors|
The École normale supérieure de Lyon (also known as ENS Lyon, ENSL or Normale Sup' Lyon) is a highly selective grande école located in Lyon, France. It is one of France's four Écoles normales supérieures, training researchers and teachers in the sciences and the humanities.
According to the Times Higher Education rankings of universities in 2010, ENS Lyon was ranked as one of the top 3 French universities along with École Normale Supérieure (Paris) and École Polytechnique, and also the 100th best university in the world.
The Fontenay school, for girls, was founded by the decree of 13 July 1880.
The Saint-Cloud school, for boys, was founded by the decree of 22 December 1882. These two École Normale Supérieure were founded by Jules Ferry.
1887: The decree of 18 January 1887 transformed the previous institutions into Écoles normales supérieures de l'enseignement primaire (of primary education), institutions which were free and modern, that is without compulsory Latin. The pupils were granted scholarships and were recruited using a competitive examination open to holders of the higher diploma or the baccalaureate who had signed a ten-year service commitment.
1897: The length of studies was increased from two to three years.
1945: The decree of 19 February 1945 granted both institutions the title of Écoles normales préparatoires à l'enseignement secondaire (institutions of preparation for secondary education). Pupils trained for the CAEC, then the CAPES teaching qualifications.
1956: The length of studies was increased to four years and the preparation of the agrégation teaching qualification appeared in the regulations.
As part of France's process of decentralisation, the scientific departments moved to Lyon in 1987, with the creation of the École Normale Supérieure de Lyon.
Humanities students remained in what was called the ENS de Fontenay/St Cloud. In 2000, the humanities were transferred to the École Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines, also located in the Gerland district.
On 1 January 2010, the scientific branch and the arts, humanities and social sciences branch merged to become a single institution, retaining the name École Normale Supérieure de Lyon.
Teaching at ENS Lyon is organised through eleven main departments.
23 of ENS Lyon's research groups have contractual ties to major research organizations, notably the CNRS and INSERM. ENS Lyon is a member of several advanced research networks and competitive clusters, including Lyon BioPôle, and hosts an Institute for Advanced Study, the Collegium de Lyon.
Institute of Functional Genomics of Lyon (IGFL) [igfl.ens-lyon.fr]
Laboratory of molecular and cell biology (LBMC) [www.ens-lyon.fr]
Laboratory of plant reproduction and development (RDP) [www.ens-lyon.fr]
Laboratory of human virology (VIRO) [hvd.ens-lyon.fr]
Laboratory of Earth Sciences (LST) [www.ens-lyon.fr]
Joliot-Curie interdisciplinary laboratory (LJC) [www.ens-lyon.fr]
Laboratory of Pure and Applied Mathematics (UMPA) [www.umpa.ens-lyon.fr]
Laboratory of chemistry [www.ens-lyon.fr]
Computer science laboratory (LIP) [www.ens-lyon.fr]
Laboratory of physics [www.ens-lyon.fr]
Astronomy research center (CRAL) [www-obs.univ-lyon1.fr]
Center for high field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (CRMN) [www.ens-lyon.fr]
C2SO - Communication, culture and society
Institute for the History of Classical Thought, from Humanism to the Enlightenment
Institute of East Asian Studies (IAO) [iao.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr]
Interactions, Corpuses, Learning and Representations [icar.univ-lyon2.fr]
Interdisciplinary approach to the logics of power in medieval Iberian societies
Literature, Ideologies and Représentations in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
Rhône-Alpes Centre for Historical Research
Socialisation Research Group
Triangle: Action, Discourses, Economic and Political Thought
History and Archaeology of the Medieval Christian and Islamic Worlds
Economic Theory and Analysis Group
ENS Lyon retains its close links to the classes préparatoires which prepare high-level students previously selected on the basis of their previous academic record for the competitive entrance examination that is taken after two years of pluridisciplinary undergraduate-level study.
Students who succeed in the entrance examinations, which attract some 6000 candidates for 228 positions, are known as Normaliens-élèves; those who are from France or another European Union country are considered trainee public servants, and receive a salary for their studies during 4 years. A second entrance examination is also open to students who have not gone through the "classes préparatoires" system.
After these 4 years, Normaliens-élèves can also receive an additional 3 year-fellowship to get a PhD. In return of the salary, they have to serve in public service for 10 years (Engagement décennal).
Entry to ENS Lyon is not restricted to “normaliens-élèves”. Students may also apply through a separate admissions process to study at the ENS. Those "Normaliens-étudiants" aren't public servants and don't have to serve in public service for 10 years. Their formation and diploma are the same as for "Normaliens-élèves".
"Auditeurs de masters"
An "auditeur de master" is someone who has been admitted at the ENS at the master level. By opposition to the "Normaliens-élèves" and the "Normaliens-étudiants", they don't have the title of "Normalien" and are just eligible to a master degree. They can't obtain the diploma of the ENS.
Classical studies for a Normalien
Students prepare the third year of Licence, the equivalent of a UK Bachelor's degree. The ENS de Lyon offers 5 final year courses for Sciences (Biology, Chemistry and Physics, Earth Sciences, Computer Sciences, Mathematics). These courses are conceived as preparations for Masters.
Students prepare in two years their Master's degree. 5 research Masters are proposed in Sciences, 36 in Humanities (Languages, Literature, Human and Social Sciences).
During this year, students can prepare the agrégation teacher recruitment examination in 16 different subjects. Students can also start their PhD, go studying for one year or more in a foreign country, or follow during one year courses in other subjects (students from biology can therefore follow courses in Humanities).
Between the first and fourth year, Normaliens can also spend up to 2 free years called "année sans solde", during which they can study other disciplines, go studying in a foreign country, or do a long internship. Each année sans solde project needs the authorization of the ENS supervisors.
Generally international rankings do not suit well the ENS system, as these structures are very small and centered more on the education of students rather than on internal research. For instance, many French universities are better ranked than the ENS is, even though the different Écoles Normales Supérieures are considered by some French observers[who?] to be among the highest academic institutions.
However, the 2016 Times Higher Education rankings of the 20 best "small universities" ranked ENS Lyon 5th "small university" in the world.