HadrianRoman Emperor (117-138 CE) Romans / Historical Persons
Publius Aelius Hadrianus (76-138 CE), or Hadrian, became Roman Emperor in 117 after the death of Trajan.
He was born either in Spain or in Rome, and as a child Trajan, who was a cousin of Hadrian's late father, became his guardian. Later Hadrian's ties to Trajan were reinforced by marriage to Sabina, a niece of Trajan, and later again by formal adoption.
When Trajan died Hadrian was in Syria, and he didn't leave for Rome immediately. He only arrived in Rome eleven month later because he wanted to assure the loyalty of the troops. Meanwhile in Rome, four leading aristocrats, all military leaders close to Trajan, were assassinated. Hadrian always refused any part in the assassination, but his relationship with the senate was damaged for good.
Hadrian therefore spend little time in Rome during his reign. He preferred travelling around the empire and during the years he visited almost every part of it.
Trajan had followed a policy of expansion, but Hadrian changed direction and opted for a policy of consolidation of the empire.
Hadrian adopted Antoninus Pius as his successor shortly before his death in 138 in a villa near Naples. The senate tried to get revenge posthumously by condemning his memory, the damnatio memoriae, but Antoninus Pius prevented it and obtained instead the deification of his adoptive father. It is believed the name Pius stems from that episode.
Prints of the photographs are available — read more here.
The pictures above are taken in the following locations:
- Palazzo dei Conservatori, Capitoline Museums, Campidoglio, Rome, Italy (9 photographs - prints not available )
- Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, Denmark (6 photographs - prints not available )
- Palazzo Nuovo, Capitoline Museums, Campidoglio, Rome, Italy (4 photographs - prints not available )
- Pio-Clementine Museum, Vatican Museums, Vatican City State (3 photographs - prints not available )
- Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples, Campania, Italy (3 photographs - prints not available )
- Chiaromonti Collection, Vatican Museums, Vatican City State (1 photograph - prints not available )
- Antinous - Protege of Emperor Hadrian (c. 110 CE - 130 CE) (Romans, Historical Persons)
- Antoninus Pius - Roman Emperor (138-161 CE) (Romans, Historical Persons)
- Castel Sant'Angelo (Rome, Italy)
- Hadrian's Villa - Luxurious imperial villa from the first century CE (Tivoli, Lazio, Italy)
- Pantheon (Rome, Italy)
- Sabina - Roman Empress (117-136 CE) and Wife of Hadrian (Romans, Historical Persons)
- Tivoli - Ancient Roman city known for Hadrian's Villa and the Villa d'Este (Lazio, Italy)
- Trajan - Roman Emperor (98-117 CE) (Romans, Historical Persons)
- Arch of Constantine - Triumphal arch celebrating the victory of Constantine I over Maxentius, 312 CE (Rome, Italy)
- Marciana - Emperor Trajans older sister (Romans, Historical Persons)
- Ponte Sant'Angelo (Rome, Italy)
- Reliefs from lost arch of Hadrian (Palazzo dei Conservatori, Capitoline Museums, Campidoglio, Rome, Italy)
- Temple of Amor and Roma - Temple constructed by Hadrian to Venus and the Genius of Rome (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
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