Palatine HillRome / Italy
The Palatine Hill is one of the seven hills of Rome. It is probably the site of some of the first settlements, as traces of archaic houses from the 10th century BC has been found there. Roman mythology indicates the western side of the Palatine Hill as the site of the dwelling of Romulus, and the cave where Romulus and Remus were supposed to have been raised by the she-wolf was on the western slope of the hill. During the republican era the Palatine Hill was the perferred quater for the ruling elite, and this tradition was continued when the roman emperors built their palaces on the hill. In the end the imperial palaces covered the entire hill.
The name of the hill has at least two possible etymologies. It can be derived from the latin word 'palus', meaning marsh or swamp, with reference to the areas of the Forum Romanum and the Velabrum before they were drained. Alternatively it can stem from 'Pales', an old pastoral deity, whose main feast was on April 21th, coinciding with the mythological date of the foundation of Rome. Later the word 'palatium' was associated as much with the imperial palaces as with the hill, and with time gave rise to the very word 'palace'.
From republican times the House of Livia, the House of Augustus and the House of the Griffins have survived, the latter below the Domus Flavia. The imperial palaces are the Domus Tiberiana, the Domus Flavia, the Domus Augustana and the Domus Severiana.
Not all parts of the hill is accessible to tourists, but the imperial palaces, the House of Livia and the Farnese gardens can be visited.
Prints of the photographs are available — read more here.
The pictures above are taken in the following locations:
- Palatine Hill, Rome, Italy (15 photographs )
- Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy (3 photographs )
- Tabularium, Capitolium, Rome, Italy (2 photographs )
- Engraving by Tempesta, Other Images Sources (1 photograph )
- Clivus Palatinus
- Clivus VIctoriae
- Domus Augustana
- Domus Flavia
- Domus Severiana
- Domus Tiberiana
- Domus Transitoria
- Circus Maximus (Rome, Italy)
- Forum Romanum - The Roman Forum was the political and religious centre in ancient Rome (Rome, Italy)
- Velabrum (Rome, Italy)
- Annex of Tiberius' palace - Vestibule to the imperial palaces on the Palatine Hill (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Arch of Constantine - Triumphal arch celebrating the victory of Constantine I over Maxentius, 312 CE (Rome, Italy)
- Basilica of Maxentius - The last and largest basilica in the Roman Forum (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Domus Publica - The official residence of the Rex Sacrorum on the Via Sacra (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- House of the Vestal Virgins - The residence of the six vestal virgins in the Roman Forum (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Piazza Bocca della Verità (Rome, Italy)
- Santa Maria Antiqua - Church from the 6th century CE on the Forum Romanum (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Temple of Augustus - A lost temple dedicated to the deified Augustus (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Temple of Jupiter Stator - Temple vowed to Jupiter when he made the fleeing Romans stand against the Sabines (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- The Seven Hills of Rome - Basic topographical description of Rome (Rome, Italy)
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