Temple of Vespasian and TitusTemple of the deified emperors built by Domitian Forum Romanum / Rome / Italy
The Temple of Vespasian and Titus (Templum Vespasiani et Titi) was built after the death of Vespasian in 79 CE, and dedicated to both Vespasian and Titus after the death of the latter just two years after. It is situated between the Temple of Concord and the Portico of the Dei Consentes, on the Clivus Capitolinus behind the Temple of Saturn.
It is a classic prostyle hexastyle temple of modified dimensions due to the restrained space available. The temple rests on a podium, measuring 22×33m, and consisted of a cella with columns along the inner walls and a base for the statues of the deified emperors. The pronaos of the temple consisted of six 15.2m high Corinthian columns on the front and two on the sides. The restricted space is reflected in the ration of width to depth of the podium and in the stairs, which passes in between the front columns.The cast of the entablature
Very little is left of the temple. Three columns of the pronaos remain, along with a piece of entablature with fragments of an inscription identifying the temple.
A cast of the sculpted entablature is kept in the Tabularium, where the details can be studied. The key motif is sacrificial utensils.
The inscription survive only in unreadable parts, but the complete text was transcribed by a pilgrim in the 8th century CE when the temple was still almost intact: "Divo Vespasiano Augusto S P Q R Impp. Caess. Severus et Antoninus Pii Felices Augg. restituer." The inscription didn't mention Titus, but it is known the temple was also dedicated to him.
The podium and the stairs was restored by Giuseppe Valadier in 1811.
The remains of the temple is best seen from the Clivus Capitolinus.
- LacusCurtius: Hülsen: Il Foro Romano - Storia e Monumenti
(Text in Italian)
Prints of the photographs are available — read more here.
The pictures above are taken in the following locations:
- Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy (13 photographs )
- Tabularium, Capitolium, Rome, Italy (7 photographs )
- Engravings by Piranesi, Other Images Sources (2 photographs )
- Palatine Hill, Rome, Italy (1 photograph )
- Rome, Italy (1 photograph )
- Caracalla - Roman Emperor (211-217 CE) (Romans, Historical Persons)
- Clivus Capitolinus - An ancient road leading from the Roman Forum to the summit of the Capitoline Hill (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Domitian - Roman Emperor (81-96 CE) (Romans, Historical Persons)
- Giuseppe Valadier - Italian architect, urbanist and archaeologist (Italians, Historical Persons)
- Portico of the Dei Consentes - A sanctuary for twelve gods and goddesses (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Septimius Severus - Roman Emperor (193-211 CE) (Romans, Historical Persons)
- Tabularium (Capitolium, Rome, Italy)
- Temple of Concord - A temple dedicate to concord between Patricians and Plebeians (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Temple of Saturn - The first temple in the Forum Romanum (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Titus - Roman Emperor (79-81 CE) (Romans, Historical Persons)
- Vespasian - Roman Emperor (69-79 CE), founder of the Flavian dynasty (Romans, Historical Persons)
- Plutei of Trajan - Two reliefs showing Trajan doing acts of beneficence (Curia Julia, Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Rostra - The speakers platform on the Forum (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
- Umbilicus Urbis Romae - The symbolic center of the ancient city of Rome (Forum Romanum, Rome, Italy)
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