This website does readability filtering of other pages. All styles, scripts, forms and ads are stripped. If you want your website excluded or have other feedback, use this form.

Sediment effect on tsunami generation of the 1896 Sanriku Tsunami Earthquake - Tanioka - 2001 - Geophysical Research Letters - Wiley Online Library

By continuing to browse this site you agree to us using cookies as described in About Cookies

Remove maintenance message

Advanced Search

Advanced Search

Geophysical Research Letters Explore this journal >

Sediment effect on tsunami generation of the 1896 Sanriku Tsunami Earthquake



The 1896 Sanriku earthquake was one of the most devastating tsunami earthquakes, which generated an anomalously larger tsunami than expected from its seismic waves. Previous studies indicate that the earthquake occurred beneath the accretionary wedge near the trench axis. It was pointed out recently that sediments near a toe of an inner trench slope with a large horizontal movement due to the earthquake might have caused an additional uplift. In this paper, the effect of the additional uplift to tsunami generation of the 1896 Sanriku tsunami earthquake is quantified. We estimate the slip of the earthquake by numerically computing tsunamis and comparing their waveforms with those recorded at three tide gauges. The estimated slip for the model without the additional uplift is 10.4 m, and those with the additional uplift are 5.9–6.7 m. This indicates that the additional uplift of the sediments near the trench has a large effect on the tsunami generation.

Continue reading full article


Article Information



Format Available

Full text: PDF

© 2001 by the Chinese Geophysical Society

Request Permissions

Publication History

  • Issue online: 1 September 2001
  • Version of record online: 1 September 2001
  • Manuscript Accepted: 28 June 2001
  • Manuscript Received: 9 March 2001

Index terms:

Related content

Articles related to the one you are viewing

Citing Literature

  • Number of times cited: 54
  1. 1Tatsuhiko SAITO, A Tsunami Generation Theory:Surface Height, Velocity, and Pressure, Zisin (Journal of the Seismological Society of Japan. 2nd ser.), 2016, 68, 5, 135CrossRef
  2. 2Timothée Jamin, Leonardo Gordillo, Gerardo Ruiz-Chavarría, Michael Berhanu, Eric Falcon, Experiments on generation of surface waves by an underwater moving bottom, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Science, 2015, 471, 2178, 20150069CrossRef
  3. 3K. Satake, Treatise on Geophysics, 2015, 477CrossRef
  4. 4M. A. Nosov, K. A. Sementsov, Calculation of the initial elevation at the tsunami source using analytical solutions, Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 2014, 50, 5, 539CrossRef
  5. 5Jeremy E. Kozdon, Eric M. Dunham, Constraining shallow slip and tsunami excitation in megathrust ruptures using seismic and ocean acoustic waves recorded on ocean-bottom sensor networks, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2014, 396, 56CrossRef
  6. 6David R. Tappin, Stephan T. Grilli, Jeffrey C. Harris, Robert J. Geller, Timothy Masterlark, James T. Kirby, Fengyan Shi, Gangfeng Ma, K.K.S. Thingbaijam, P. Martin Mai, Did a submarine landslide contribute to the 2011 Tohoku tsunami?, Marine Geology, 2014, 357, 344CrossRef
  7. 7Kohsaku Arai, Takahiko Inoue, Ken Ikehara, Tomoyuki Sasaki, Episodic subsidence and active deformation of the forearc slope along the Japan Trench near the epicenter of the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2014, 408, 9CrossRef
  8. 8Toshitaka Baba, Narumi Takahashi, Yoshiyuki Kaneda, Near-field tsunami amplification factors in the Kii Peninsula, Japan for Dense Oceanfloor Network for Earthquakes and Tsunamis (DONET), Marine Geophysical Research, 2014, 35, 3, 319CrossRef
  9. 9Kiichiro Kawamura, Jan Sverre Laberg, Toshiya Kanamatsu, Potential tsunamigenic submarine landslides in active margins, Marine Geology, 2014, 356, 44CrossRef
  10. 10Kazuhisa Goto, Ken Ikehara, James Goff, Catherine Chagué-Goff, Bruce Jaffe, The 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami — Three years on, Marine Geology, 2014, 358, 2CrossRef
  11. 11George Pararas-Carayannis, The Great Tohoku-Oki Earthquake and Tsunami of March 11, 2011 in Japan: A Critical Review and Evaluation of the Tsunami Source Mechanism, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 2014, 171, 12, 3257CrossRef
  12. 12Yoshinobu Tsuji, Kenji Satake, Takeo Ishibe, Tomoya Harada, Akihito Nishiyama, Satoshi Kusumoto, Tsunami Heights along the Pacific Coast of Northern Honshu Recorded from the 2011 Tohoku and Previous Great Earthquakes, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 2014, 171, 12, 3183CrossRef
  13. 13M. A. Nosov, Tsunami waves of seismic origin: The modern state of knowledge, Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 2014, 50, 5, 474CrossRef
  14. 14Yuta Mitsui, Yuji Yagi, An interpretation of tsunami earthquake based on a simple dynamic model: Failure of shallow megathrust earthquake, Geophysical Research Letters, 2013, 40, 8, 1523Wiley Online Library
  15. 15Tatsuhiko Saito, Dynamic tsunami generation due to sea-bottom deformation: Analytical representation based on linear potential theory, Earth, Planets and Space, 2013, 65, 12, 1411CrossRef
  16. 16Shuo Ma, Evan T. Hirakawa, Dynamic wedge failure reveals anomalous energy radiation of shallow subduction earthquakes, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2013, 375, 113CrossRef
  17. 17Takuto Maeda, Takashi Furumura, FDM Simulation of Seismic Waves, Ocean Acoustic Waves, and Tsunamis Based on Tsunami-Coupled Equations of Motion, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 2013, 170, 1-2, 109CrossRef
  18. 18Wataru Tanikawa, Takehiro Hirose, Hideki Mukoyoshi, Osamu Tadai, Weiren Lin, Fluid transport properties in sediments and their role in large slip near the surface of the plate boundary fault in the Japan Trench, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2013, 382, 150CrossRef
  19. 19J. Behnsen, D. R. Faulkner, Permeability and frictional strength of cation-exchanged montmorillonite, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 2013, 118, 6, 2788Wiley Online Library
  20. 20Purna Sulastya Putra, Yuichi Nishimura, Yugo Nakamura, Eko Yulianto, Sources and transportation modes of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki tsunami deposits on the central east Japan coast, Sedimentary Geology, 2013, 294, 282CrossRef

View all 54 citations

Close article support pane