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UN SYSTEM-WIDE EARTHWATCH Web Site
ISLAND DIRECTORY

Islands of Federated States of Micronesia



Ant     [1364]
   Group: Pohnpei Islands, Pohnpei State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 5.10º N   Long : 158.14º E
Area: 1.8 sq. km   Altitude: 4 m
Land < 5 m elevation: 1.8 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 1300 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4500 km    Isolation Index: 108
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with several islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Excellent atoll windward and leeward reefs with up to 100% coral coverage, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 0
   possible turtle nesting
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 1
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Dublon (Tonowas)    [1343]
   Group: Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.38º N   Long : 151.88º E
Area: 8.8 sq. km   Altitude: 349 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 95
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10    Marine: 2
Former lowland rain forest, montane rain forest on Mt. Tolomen; some mangroves; fringing reefs; Truk barrier reef and lagoon.   Forest  Mangroves
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: -9%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 3233 (1980)   Density: 367.4 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Former Japanese headquarters with large settlement, little undisturbed vegetation; many Japanese ships sunk in lagoon during W.W. II.
  Accessibility: port
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 23
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 7   Moderate
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



Eauripik     [1324]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 6.70º N   Long : 143.07º E
Area: 0.2 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3100 km    Isolation Index: 94
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 6 small islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 122 (1980)   Density: 610.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 36
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Elato     [1329]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.45º N   Long : 146.15º E
Area: 0.5 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3300 km    Isolation Index: 87
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 2 groups of islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; mangroves; atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
   turtle nesting area
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 51 (1980)   Density: 102.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 10
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Etal     [1356]
   Group: Mortlock Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 5.41º N   Long : 153.51º E
Area: 1.9 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 1000 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4200 km    Isolation Index: 100
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 13 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 440 (1980)   Density: 231.6 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 17
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Fais     [1334]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 9.75º N   Long : 140.52º E
Area: 2.8 sq. km   Altitude: 18 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 84
ISLAND TYPE: raised coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 4    Marine: 1
Limestone forest; fringing reefs.   Forest
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 61 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 0 0 Land birds 0 0 0 Mammals 0 0 0   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 2
    possibly some endemic species
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, former mining
  Population: 210 (1980)   Density: 75.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: former phosphate mining, coconuts
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 9
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 5   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Fanapanges (Fala-Beguets)    [1338]
   Group: Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.37º N   Long : 151.67º E
Area: 1.6 sq. km   Altitude: 61 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 95
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 1
Fringing reefs.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 411 (1980)   Density: 256.9 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 18
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Faraulep     [1327]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 8.60º N   Long : 144.55º E
Area: 0.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3200 km    Isolation Index: 93
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 3 small islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 135 (1980)   Density: 337.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 22
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Fayu (East Fayu)    [1345]
   Group: Hall Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 8.78º N   Long : 151.24º E
Area: 0.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 15 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 92
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 1
Fringing reefs.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  major seabird rookery
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
Conservation support: government support
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Fefan (Fefen)    [1341]
   Group: Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.35º N   Long : 151.83º E
Area: 13.2 sq. km   Altitude: 298 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 95
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10    Marine: 10
Montane rain forest on Mt. Chukusou; some mangroves; fringing reefs; barrier reef and lagoon around all Truk Islands.   Forest  Mangroves
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: -9%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 3096 (1980)   Density: 234.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 17
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 7   Moderate
CI-Marine: 12   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



Gaferut     [1333]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 9.23º N   Long : 145.38º E
Area: 0.1 sq. km   Altitude: 30 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 600 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3300 km    Isolation Index: 92
ISLAND TYPE: raised coral      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 4    Marine: 1
Forest with Tournefortia; fringing reefs.   Forest
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 3
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  major seabird rookery, turtle nesting area
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 1
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, former mining
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: phosphate mined (1935)
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 10   Moderate
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Ifalik (Ifaluk)    [1326]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.23º N   Long : 144.44º E
Area: 1.5 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3200 km    Isolation Index: 92
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 3 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 391 (1980)   Density: 260.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY: well studied in 1950s    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 18
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Kapingamarangi     [1359]
   Group: Pohnpei State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 0.57º N   Long : 154.71º E
Area: 1.1 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 300 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4400 km    Isolation Index: 106
ISLAND TYPE: round atoll with 33 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 0 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 1 0 Land birds 0 0 0 Mammals 0 0 0
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Reptiles: Perochirus scutellatus (Gekkonidae) endemic   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 0
    one endemic gekko
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 0   Marine: 0
   turtles now scarce
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 510 (1980)   Density: 463.6 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 28
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



Kosrae (Kusaie)    [1368]
   Group: Kosrae State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 5.11º N   Long : 162.88º E
Area: 110.0 sq. km   Altitude: 628 m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 250 km   group: 1500 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 5100 km    Isolation Index: 126
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Deeply dissected chain of mountains to south, isolated peak to north (592 m), narrow coastal plain.
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10    Marine: 5
Lowland and montane rain forests, cloud forest, mangroves; fringing reef.   Forest  Mangroves
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 95%  Mangrove: -9% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 0 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 0 0 Land birds 11 1 1 Mammals 0 0 0
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Other invertebrates 1 ground-living Partulidae (land snail) Reptiles-amphibians Birds 41 species, 13 resident, 2 introduced Ptilinopus porphyraceus hernsheimi (Crimson-crowned or Purple-capped Fruit Dove) endangered. Ducula oceanica oceanica (Micronesian Pigeon) Kosrae, Ailinglaplap and Jaluit [Asio flammeus ponapensis (Short-eared owl) vagrant] Acrocephalus luscinia (Nightingale Reed-warbler) 2 extinct species: Porzana monasa (Kosrae Rail) Aplonis corvina
SPECIES RICHNESS:   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
poor
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
   small turtle nesting area
  Archaeological sites, ruins on Lele Island
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 5522 (1980)   Density: 50.2 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Coastal plain cultivated.
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 8
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 9   Moderate
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



Lamotrek     [1330]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.47º N   Long : 146.38º E
Area: 1.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3300 km    Isolation Index: 87
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 3 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 243 (1980)   Density: 243.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 17
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Losap     [1354]
   Group: Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 6.94º N   Long : 152.58º E
Area: 1.0 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 8 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 2
Semicircular atoll reef.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 827 (1980)   Density: 827.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 46
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Lukunor     [1357]
   Group: Mortlock Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 5.41º N   Long : 153.81º E
Area: 2.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 1000 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4200 km    Isolation Index: 100
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 6 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 668 (1980)   Density: 238.6 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 17
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Moen (Weno, Wono)    [1344]
   Group: Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.43º N   Long : 151.86º E
Area: 18.8 sq. km   Altitude: 370 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 95
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10    Marine: 10
Former lowland rain forest, montane rain forest on Mt. Teroken, savanna; mangroves, fringing reefs; Truk barrier reef and lagoon.   Forest  Mangroves
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 70%  Mangrove: -9% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 0 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 0 0 Land birds 0 0 1 Mammals 0 0 0
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Birds: Metabolus rugensis (Truk Monarch) group endemic, Rare (RDB)   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  savanna of some conservation interest
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, state capital
  Population: 10374 (1980)   Density: 551.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: government
HUMAN IMPACTS:
State administrative centre, population increased from 3,800 in 1960's; airport dredged and filled on reef flat.
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 20%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 32
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 12   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



Mokil (Mwokil)    [1365]
   Group: Pohnpei State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 6.46º N   Long : 159.79º E
Area: 1.3 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 1400 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4700 km    Isolation Index: 116
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 3 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs, small lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, population decreasing
  Population: 289 (1980)   Density: 222.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 16
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Murilo     [1347]
   Group: Hall Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 8.78º N   Long : 152.36º E
Area: 1.3 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 5 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 328 (1980)   Density: 252.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 18
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Nama     [1348]
   Group: Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 6.70º N   Long : 152.64º E
Area: 0.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Fringing reef.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 1021 (1980)   Density: 1276 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 69
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Namoluk     [1355]
   Group: Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 5.82º N   Long : 153.20º E
Area: 0.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 5 km   group: 1000 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4100 km    Isolation Index: 98
ISLAND TYPE: triangular atoll with 4 islets     Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Triangular atoll with very deep (77 m) closed lagoon.
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones (1958), tsunamis (1972)
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 4    Marine: 3
Atoll forest and scrub, coconuts; mangroves; atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 119 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 10 0 0 Land birds 11 0 0 Mammals 1 0 0
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 119 species Reptiles: 5 geckos, 5 skinks Birds: 21 bird species (11 breeding) including: Acrocephalus luscinia (Nightingale Reed Warbler) 400-500 Aplonis opacus (Micronesian Starling) numerous Myzomela cardinalis (Cardinal Honeyeater) common Mammals: 6 mammals (Pteropus fruit bat, 2 rats, domestic animals) Marine life: 67 molluscs Green and hawksbill turtles nesting   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 1
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
   turtle nesting area
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 263 (1980)   Density: 328.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 21
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



Namonuito     [1351]
   Group: Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 8.78º N   Long : 150.00º E
Area: 4.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3300 km    Isolation Index: 94
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 10 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 3
Some fringing atoll forest; atoll windward and leeward reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 440 (1960)   Density: 100.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 10
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Neoch (Kuop)    [1350]
   Group: Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.09º N   Long : 151.90º E
Area: 0.5 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 1 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 89
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 4 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY: none    Data Rel. Indicator: 0
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 2
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Ngatik (Ngetik, Sapwuahfik)    [1362]
   Group: Pohnpei State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 5.71º N   Long : 157.48º E
Area: 1.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 1200 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4500 km    Isolation Index: 112
ISLAND TYPE: atoll, 3 large + small islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 564 (1980)   Density: 331.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 22
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 3   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Ngulu     [1321]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 8.50º N   Long : 137.50º E
Area: 0.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 300 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 2500 km    Isolation Index: 77
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 8 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Windward and leeward atoll reefs and lagoon
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
   turtle nesting area
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, small population
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Nomwin     [1346]
   Group: Hall Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 8.57º N   Long : 151.65º E
Area: 1.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 91
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 9 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 324 (1980)   Density: 180.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 14
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Nukuoro     [1360]
   Group: Pohnpei State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 3.88º N   Long : 154.95º E
Area: 1.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 200 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4400 km    Isolation Index: 109
ISLAND TYPE: round atoll with >40 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 308 (1980)   Density: 181.2 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 14
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Olimarao     [1328]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.86º N   Long : 145.83º E
Area: 0.2 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 700 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3300 km    Isolation Index: 89
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 2 small islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 1
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 10   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Oroluk     [1361]
   Group: Pohnpei State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.55º N   Long : 155.57º E
Area: 0.5 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 250 km   group: 1200 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4300 km    Isolation Index: 116
ISLAND TYPE: atoll 30x23 km with 1 islet      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
  Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  major seabird rookery, turtle nesting area
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, populated only since mid-1970's
  Population: 10 (1980)   Density: 20.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 6
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 6   Moderate
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



Pakin     [1363]
   Group: Pohnpei Islands, Pohnpei State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 6.88º N   Long : 158.06º E
Area: 1.1 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 1300 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4500 km    Isolation Index: 108
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 5 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 1
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 1    Marine: 3
Good atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 1
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Pikelot     [1332]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 8.16º N   Long : 147.50º E
Area: 0.1 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 94
ISLAND TYPE: low coral islet      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 3    Marine: 1
Atoll forest and scrub; extensive fringing reefs.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 3
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  major seabird rookery, turtle nesting area
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 8   Moderate
CI-Marine: 10   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Pingelap     [1366]
   Group: Pohnpei State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 6.06º N   Long : 160.73º E
Area: 1.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 4000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 1400 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4800 km    Isolation Index: 117
ISLAND TYPE: square atoll with 3 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
A few mangroves; atoll windward and leeward reefs, small lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 32 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 0 0 Land birds 0 0 0 Mammals 0 0 0   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, population decreasing
  Population: 289 (1980)   Density: 170.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: coconuts
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 8
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Pohnpei (Ponape)    [1367]
   Group: Pohnpei Islands, Pohnpei State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 6.84º N   Long : 158.30º E
Area: 334.0 sq. km   Altitude: 791 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 1350 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4500 km    Isolation Index: 108
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
High volcanic island with deeply indented coast, extensive barrier reef.
CLIMATE: wet  tropical  high rainfall
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 20    Marine: 10
Lowland and montane rain forests, cloud forest, river and swamp forests; mangroves; savanna and grasslands; mountain streams and other freshwater habitats; barrier reef and lagoon, seagrass beds.   Forest  Mangroves
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 90%  Mangrove: -9% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 249 8 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 1 0 Land birds 28 5 3 Mammals 0 0 0
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: 249 native angiosperms, including 8 endemic species Other invertebrates: 2 Partulidae (1 ground snail, 1 tree snail) Reptiles-amphibians: Emoia ponapea (Scincidae) endemic Birds: 62 species, 31 resident, 3 introduced (including outer islands) Gallicolumba kubaryi (Caroline or Truk Islands Ground Dove) group endemic, Pohnpei and Truk Trichoglossus rubiginosus (Pohnpei Lory) endemic Myiagra pluto (Pohnpei Broadbill or Flycatcher) endemic Rukia longirostra (Pohnpei White-eye) endemic, mountain interior, Rare (RDB) Aplonis pelzelni (Pohnpei Mountain Starling) endemic, forests above 200 m, Vulnerable (RDB). Asio flammeus ponapensis (Pohnpei Short-eared Owl) endemic subspecies, Rare (RDB), 50 counted (1956), single individuals seen 1975 and 1977. Acrocephalus luscinia (Nightingale Reed-warbler)
SPECIES RICHNESS:   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 2  Marine: 2
moderate
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 2  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  Ruins on Nan Madol islet; archaeological sites
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, national capital
  Population: 20318 (1980)   Density: 60.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: government, agriculture
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Capital of Federated States of Micronesia, with urban development at Kolonia; agricultural development in lowlands; former heavy colonization by Japanese.
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 30%   Human Threat Indicator: 1
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
Conservation support: government support
PROTECTED AREAS:    Protected Area Coverage Indicators - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 0
  Number: 1   Area: Terrestrial: 0.0 sq. km    Marine: 0 sq. km
Upper watershed has been declared protected area.
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 6
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 18   High
CI-Marine: 12   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



Pulap     [1352]
   Group: Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.63º N   Long : 149.42º E
Area: 0.8 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3300 km    Isolation Index: 90
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 3 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 432 (1980)   Density: 540.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 32
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Pulusuk     [1353]
   Group: Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 6.63º N   Long : 149.27º E
Area: 2.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 950 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3300 km    Isolation Index: 95
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Fringing reef.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, population decreasing
  Population: 214 (1980)   Density: 82.3 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 0.0%/yr   Stable
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 7
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Puluwat     [1349]
   Group: Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.35º N   Long : 149.18º E
Area: 3.4 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 20 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3300 km    Isolation Index: 92
ISLAND TYPE: atoll, 3 large, 2 small islets     Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs and lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 441 (1980)   Density: 129.7 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Habitat: 3 villages   Urban Pop:Urban Indicator: 0
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 2
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 11
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Romonum (Ulalu)    [1339]
   Group: Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.25º N   Long : 151.41º E
Area: 0.8 sq. km   Altitude: 5 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 95
ISLAND TYPE: low island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 1
Fringing reefs.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 422 (1980)   Density: 527.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 30
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 4   Low
CI-Marine: 6   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Satawal     [1335]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.35º N   Long : 147.00º E
Area: 1.3 sq. km   Altitude: 5 m
Land < 5 m elevation: 1.3 sq. km   Sea level rise risk: 9
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 94
ISLAND TYPE: low coral island      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 1
Atoll scrub; fringing reefs.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 57 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 0 0 Land birds 0 0 0 Mammals 0 0 0   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 386 (1980)   Density: 296.9 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 20
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 8   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Satawan     [1358]
   Group: Mortlock Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 5.30º N   Long : 153.70º E
Area: 4.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 1000 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 4200 km    Isolation Index: 100
ISLAND TYPE: large atoll with 11 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 2
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 766 (1980)   Density: 166.5 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 13
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 7   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Sorol     [1323]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 8.15º N   Long : 140.42º E
Area: 0.9 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 150 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 2800 km    Isolation Index: 88
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 11 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; atoll windward and leeward reefs, closed lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 7 (1980)   Density: 7.8 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Tol (Faichuk)  - including Polle, Pata, Wonei (Onei)    [1337]
   Group: Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.35º N   Long : 151.61º E
Area: 34.0 sq. km   Altitude: 439 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 1000 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3900 km    Isolation Index: 101
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic, indented coast      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10    Marine: 10
Disturbed lowland vegetation; 12 ha of montane rain forest on top 100 m of Mt. Winibot with endemic plants; mangroves; fringing reefs; barrier reef and lagoon around all Truk islands.   Forest  Mangroves
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: -9% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 0 1 2 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 0 0 Land birds 0 1 3 Mammals 0 0 0
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: Clinostigma carolinensis (Truk Palm) endangered Semecarpus kraemeri (Truk Poison Tree) endemic, only on top of Mt. Tumuital, endangered Birds: 73 species on all Truk islands, 28 resident, 2 introduced Myiagra oceanica (Truk or Oceanic Flycatcher) group endemic Rukia ruki (Truk Greater White-eye) endemic, 1 sq.km on Mt. Tumuital (Winibot) and small numbers on Polle, Pata and Onei, Endangered (RDB) Metabolis rugensis (Truk Monarch) monospecific genus, gr.endemic, Rare (RDB) Gallicolumba kubaryi (Truk Islands Ground Dove) endemic to Carolines Ducula oceanica teraokai (Truk Micronesian Pigeon) Endangered (RDB) Acrocephalus luscinia (Nightingale Reed Warbler) uncommon   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 3
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
    2 endemics plus group endemics
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
  Top of Mt. Tumuital (Winibot) of considerable conservation interest
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 6781 (1980)   Density: 199.4 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
HUMAN IMPACTS:
Former Japanese settlement developed all lowland areas. Many ships sunk in lagoon in World War II; fishing with explosives common.
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 15
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 11   Moderate
CI-Marine: 14   Moderate
REFERENCES:
Pyle, Peter and Engbring, John. 1988. First described nest and nest site activity of the Truk Greater White-eye (Rukia ruki). Micronesica 21(1-2): 281-283.
Last updated: 08/07/90



Udot   - including Eot, Totiu, Parem, Siis    [1340]
   Group: Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.40º N   Long : 151.73º E
Area: 4.9 sq. km   Altitude: 152 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 95
ISLAND TYPE: volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 4    Marine: 10
Fringing reefs; barrier reef and lagoon around all Truk Islands.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 80%  Mangrove: 0% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 0 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 0 0 Land birds 0 0 1 Mammals 0 0 0
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Birds: Metabolus rugensis (Truk Monarch) group endemic, Rare (RDB)   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 1083 (1980)   Density: 221.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 16
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 5   Low
CI-Marine: 12   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



Ulithi     [1322]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 10.00º N   Long : 139.67º E
Area: 4.7 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 10 km   group: 500 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 2500 km    Isolation Index: 76
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 40 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 1   Marine: 0
   turtle nesting area
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 720 (1980)   Density: 153.2 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Accessibility: airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 60%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 12
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 2   Low
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Uman   - including Etten    [1342]
   Group: Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Truk State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.30º N   Long : 151.88º E
Area: 4.7 sq. km   Altitude: 244 m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 95
ISLAND TYPE: high volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:

CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10    Marine: 10
Montane rain forest on Mt. Uroras; some mangroves; fringing reefs; Truk barrier reef and lagoon.   Forest  Mangroves
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: -9% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 0 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 0 0 Land birds 0 0 1 Mammals 0 0 0
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Birds: Metabolus rugensis (Truk Monarch) group endemic, Rare (RDB)   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 2
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 1
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 2320 (1980)   Density: 493.6 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
HUMAN IMPACTS:

  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 50%   Human Threat Indicator: 2
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 30
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 7   Moderate
CI-Marine: 12   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



West Fayu     [1331]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 8.00º N   Long : 146.80º E
Area: 0.6 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 50 km   group: 800 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3400 km    Isolation Index: 94
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 1 islet      Natural Protection Indicator: 2
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; atoll windward and leeward reefs, no lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0%   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
SPECIAL FEATURES :   Special Features Indicator - Terrestrial: 2   Marine: 0
  major seabird rookery, turtle nesting area
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Uninhabited, visited occasionally
  Population: 0    Density: 0.0 persons/sq. km
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 5   Low
CI-Marine: 11   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Woleai     [1325]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 7.40º N   Long : 143.87º E
Area: 4.5 sq. km   Altitude: ? m
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 30 km   group: 900 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 3200 km    Isolation Index: 92
ISLAND TYPE: atoll with 21 islets      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
CLIMATE: wet  tropical 
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones
   Threat Indicator: 1
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 2    Marine: 3
Atoll scrub; atoll windward and leeward reefs, lagoon.
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: 0% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 84 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 0 0 Land birds 0 0 0 Mammals 0 0 0   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 0  Marine: 3
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 2
  
HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited
  Population: 720 (1980)   Density: 160.0 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: coconuts and breadfruit, subsistence fishing
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 80%   Human Threat Indicator: 3
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 13
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 1   Low
CI-Marine: 9   Moderate
Last updated: 23/10/88

Yap (Waqab)  - including Yap, Gagil Tamil, Maap, Rumung   [1336]
   Group: Yap State   Archipelago: Caroline Islands
   Country: Federated States of Micronesia   Region: Oceania 13
Lat: 9.56º N   Long : 138.13º E
Area: 105.4 sq. km   Altitude: 173 m
Shoreline: 93.4 km (scale 1:1000000)   Coastal Index: 0.8861
Depth to nearest land: 3000 m
Nearest island: 100 km   group: 400 km
Nearest continent: Asia    Distance: 2500 km    Isolation Index: 80
ISLAND TYPE: continental and old volcanic      Natural Protection Indicator: 0
GEOLOGY/SOILS:
Four main islands of continental (metamorphic: greenschist and amphibolite) and old volcanic rock (breccias and conglomerates) within broad reef and lagoon: Yap [56 sq. km, 176 m, pop. 3443]; Gagil Tamil (Gagil-Tomil) [29 sq. km, pop. 1336]; Maap (Map) [11 sq. km, pop. 317]; and Rumung [4 sq. km, pop. 131].
CLIMATE: wet  tropical  mean 29�C, 3100 mm
CATASTROPHIC THREATS: cyclones, drought
   Threat Indicator: 2
ECOSYSTEMS:           Number of Ecosystems - Terrestrial: 10    Marine: 1
Mostly disturbed; lowland rain forest, savanna and grasslands, Pandanus; mangroves, seagrasses, lagoons and broad fringing reefs with high species diversity.   Forest  Mangroves
   Percent shoreline: Coral Reef: 99%  Mangrove: -9% SPECIES NUMBERS: Total Endemic Threatened (EVRI) Plants 0 0 0 Butterflies 0 0 0 Land snails 0 0 0 Rept/Amphib 0 0 0 Land birds 19 2 0 Mammals 0 0 1
SPECIES OF CONSERVATION INTEREST:
Plants: several endemic plants Birds: 76 species, 19 resident, 3 introduced [includes outer islands] Monarcha godeffroyi (Yap Monarch) endemic Rukia oleaginea (Yap White-eye) endemic Mammals: Dugong dugon (Dugong) Vulnerable (RDB), very rare locally Marine life: 190 species of corals   Species Richness Indicator - Terrestrial: 1  Marine: 1
ENDEMISM: Terrestrial:   Terrestrial Endemism Indicator - Island: 1  Group: 2
  Marine endemic species: 0   Marine Endemism Indicator - Island: 0  Group: 0
INVASIVE SPECIES:     Invasive Species Indicator: 3
  

HUMAN OCCUPATION: Inhabited, state centre
  Population: 5227 (1980)   Density: 49.6 persons/sq. km
  Growth Rate: 3.3%/yr   Increasing rapidly
  Major Human Activities: government, subsistence agriculture, coconuts
HUMAN IMPACTS:
State government centre at Colonia; most land disturbed during German and Japanese colonial occupations; strong cultural traditions.
  Accessibility: port, airport
  Percent population in agr/mining/fishing: 5%   Human Threat Indicator: 0
  Gross Domestic Product: $ 811 per capita    Economic Pressure Indicator: 0
DATA RELIABILITY:    Data Rel. Indicator: 1
HUMAN IMPACT INDEX     HI: 5
CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE INDEX   CI-Terrestrial: 11   Moderate
CI-Marine: 5   Moderate
REFERENCES:

Last updated: 23/10/88



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