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Common carp, Asian carp / Invasive Species of Japan

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  3. Cyprinus carpio

Cyprinus carpio

Basic information Scientific name Cyprinus carpio

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Common names Common carp, Asian carp Higher taxon Cyprinidae, Cypriniformes, Actinopterygii Natural range Wide area of Eurasia. E Europe to E Asia. Natural range in Japan may be entire Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu Islands, but details are unknown. Habitat Middle to lower area in large rivers, lakes, and ponds. Invasion information Range in Japan Hybridization between native and introduced populations should occurred given that artificial introduction of this species within Japan have occurred since old period, and carps from foreign country have been introduced in wide area since Meiji Era (since 1867). Origin WIthin Japan and from other countries. Date Unknown. Route Deliberate: For ornament, etc. Impact In almost part of Japan, hybridization with native carp populations. In foreign countries, damages on freshwater plants and invertebrates by predation, water degradation and increase of nutrients by resuspension of sediments, competition with native fishes including fishery resources such as perch.
Affected organism: Native population of carp, in Japan. Entire freshwater community, in other countries. Regulation in Japan Capture of this species is controled by several local governments. Introduced range in other countries Worldwide. Wide areas of Asia, Europe, Africa, N, C, & S America, Australia, and many islands (Philippine, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, New Guinea, New Zealand, Guam, Hawaii, Cuba, Dominica, Mauritius, Madagascar, Azores, etc.). Reference Notes
  • Froese & Pauly (eds) (2009) FishBase (Accessed on 2010-12-03) http://www.fishbase.org/search.cfm
  • ISSG. Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) (Accessed on 2010-12-03) http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/
  • Kawanabe et al. (eds) (2002) Freshwater Fishes of Japan, 3rd ed.. Yama-kei Publishers, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • Matsuzawa & Senou (2010) Alien fishes of Japan. Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, Tokyo (in Jpn)
  • etc.
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