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Studies of U.S. Radium Dial Workers: An Epidemiological Classic on JSTOR

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Studies of U.S. Radium Dial Workers: An Epidemiological Classic

Shirley A. Fry Radiation Research Vol. 150, No. 5, Supplement: Madame Curie's Discovery of Radium (1898): A Commemoration by Women in Radiation Sciences (Nov., 1998), pp. S21-S29 Published by: Radiation Research Society DOI: 10.2307/3579805 https://www.jstor.org/stable/3579805 Page Count: 9

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Topics: Radium, Sarcoma, Cancer risk, Dose response relationship, Bones, Radiology, Carcinoma, Health outcomes Give feedback Were these topics helpful?

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  • Journal Info Radiation Research Description:

    Radiation Research publishes articles dealing with radiation effects and related subjects in the areas of physics, chemistry, biology and medicine, including epidemiology and translational research. The term radiation is used in its broadest sense and includes specifically ionizing and ultraviolet, visible and infrared light as well as microwaves, ultrasound and heat. Related subjects include (but are not limited to) studies with chemical agents contributing to the understanding of the effects of radiation, isotope techniques, and dosimetry methods and instrumentation.

    Coverage: 1954-2013 (Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol. 180, No. 6) Moving Wall: 5 years (What is the moving wall?)

    The "moving wall" represents the time period between the last issue available in JSTOR and the most recently published issue of a journal. Moving walls are generally represented in years. In rare instances, a publisher has elected to have a "zero" moving wall, so their current issues are available in JSTOR shortly after publication.
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    ISSN: 00337587 EISSN: 19385404 Subjects: Science & Mathematics, Biological Sciences Collections: Biological Sciences Collection, Life Sciences Collection
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Abstract

The tragic history of the exposure during the second and third decades of this century in the United States of radium dial workers, patients and members of the public to ionizing radiation from internally deposited isotopes of radium is well documented. Recognition of abnormal health outcomes among female dial workers and determination of a causal association between these outcomes among the workers and their exposure to radium leading to the development of protection standards is a classic example of an epidemiological process whereby knowledge and understanding of "the distribution and determinants of disease" evolve. Health effects studies involving U.S. female dial workers began in the early 1920s and continued into the present decade. These studies are discussed in the context of the epidemiological process whereby cause-effect relationships may be postulated, evaluated and refined to the benefit of workers and the general public. Radiation Research © 1998 Radiation Research Society Request Permissions

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