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Commitment and Social Organization: A Study of Commitment Mechanisms in Utopian Communities on JSTOR

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Commitment and Social Organization: A Study of Commitment Mechanisms in Utopian Communities

Rosabeth Moss Kanter American Sociological Review Vol. 33, No. 4 (Aug., 1968), pp. 499-517 Published by: American Sociological Association DOI: 10.2307/2092438 https://www.jstor.org/stable/2092438 Page Count: 19

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Topics: Social systems, Communities, Utopianism, Cognition, Surrender, Utopias, Utopian socialism, Morality, Community based instruction, Awe Give feedback Were these topics helpful?

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  • Journal Info American Sociological Review Description: The official flagship journal of the American Sociological Association (ASA), American Sociological Review (ASR) publishes works of interest to the discipline in general, new theoretical developments, results of research that advance our understanding of fundamental social processes, and important methodological innovations. All areas of sociology are welcome. Emphasis is on exceptional quality and general interest. Published bi-monthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

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    Coverage: 1936-2016 (Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol. 81, No. 6) Moving Wall: 2 years (What is the moving wall?)

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    ISSN: 00031224 Subjects: Sociology, Social Sciences Collections: Arts & Sciences I Collection, JSTOR Essential Collection
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Abstract

This paper defines commitment and proposes three types, continuance, cohesion, and control commitment, which bind personality systems to areas of social systems, linking cognitive, cathectic, and evaluative orientations to roles, relationships, and norms, respectively. Two processes underlie the development of each of the three types of commitment: sacrifice and investment support continuance; renunciation and communion support cohesion; and mortification and surrender support control. On the basis of these processes, a large number of commitment mechanisms, or commitment-producing organizational strategies, are set forth. Use of these strategies generally distinguishes successful (enduring) and unsuccessful (short-lived) nineteenth century American utopian communities. American Sociological Review © 1968 American Sociological Association Request Permissions

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