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Guns in Eritrea — Firearms, gun law and gun control

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Eritrea — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

Blue-superscript reference numbers which link to sources covering multiple years are only displayed beside the most recent year. Figures without a hyperlink can be found in the next reference above.

Compare Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Eritrea is

2017: 23,000
2007: 20,000

Compare Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Eritrea is

2017: 0.40
2007: 0.5

Compare Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Eritrea ranked at No. 169

Compare Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Eritrea ranked at No. 169

Blue-superscript reference numbers which link to sources covering multiple years are only displayed beside the most recent year. Figures without a hyperlink can be found in the next reference above.

Compare Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Eritrea are reported to have 668,550 firearms

Compare Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Eritrea are reported to have 12,000 firearms

Compare

Blue-superscript reference numbers which link to sources covering multiple years are only displayed beside the most recent year. Figures without a hyperlink can be found in the next reference above.
ChartIn Eritrea, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 389
2012: 437
2010: 389
2008: 879

Compare Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.70
2012: 7.1
2010: 7.26
2008: 17.8
2004: 15.90
2002: 7.60
1999: 2.77

Compare Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 307
2010: 290

Compare Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Eritrea, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 12.63

Compare Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 83
2010: 100

Compare Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Eritrea, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.44

Compare

Blue-superscript reference numbers which link to sources covering multiple years are only displayed beside the most recent year. Figures without a hyperlink can be found in the next reference above.
ChartIn Eritrea, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 393
2015: 393
2010: 393
2000: 395

Compare Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 6.70
2015: 6.75
2010: 7.33
2000: 10.17

Compare Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 304
2015: 303
2010: 303
2000: 281

Compare Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 10.52
2015: 10.57
2010: 11.47
2000: 14.73

Compare Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 89
2015: 90
2010: 91
2000: 114

Compare Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.99
2015: 3.04
2010: 3.34
2000: 5.77

Compare

In Eritrea, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited

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In Eritrea, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law

Compare Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Eritrea is reported by Customs to be US$1,249,009 (2008)

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In Eritrea, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law

Compare Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Eritrea is reported by Customs to be US$0 (2011)

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Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Eritrea is low

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In Eritrea, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law

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Customs regulations in Eritrea do not include certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

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The regulation of guns in Eritrea is categorised as restrictive

Guiding gun control legislation in Eritrea includes the Transitional Penal Code of Eritrea (TCPE) of 1991

Guns in Eritrea are regulated by the Eritrean Police and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

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In Eritrea, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law

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In Eritrea, civilians are not allowed to possess any form of firearm

Compare Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Eritrea, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited

Compare Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Eritrea, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited

Compare Regulation of Handguns

In Eritrea, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited

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In Eritrea, no civilians may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Compare Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Eritrea is not specified

Compare Firearm Safety Training

In Eritrea, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required for a firearm licence

Compare Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Eritrea, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every N/A

Compare Licensing Records

In Eritrea, authorities do not maintain a record of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Compare Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Eritrea are permitted to possess any number of firearms

Compare Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Eritrea are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition

Compare Civilian Gun Registration

In Eritrea, the law require that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Compare Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Eritrea, licensed firearm dealers are not required to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Compare Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Eritrea, licensed gun makers are not required to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Compare State-Owned Firearm Records

In Eritrea, State agencies are required to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Compare Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Eritrea, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited

Compare Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Eritrea, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful

Compare Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Eritrea do not include written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Compare Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Eritrea do not include written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Compare Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Eritrea include written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Compare Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Eritrea do not include written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Compare Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Eritrea, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited

Compare Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Eritrea, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited

Compare

In Eritrea, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm is a fine and a possible prison term

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Eritrea adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 2006

Regional Centre on Small Arms

In March 2000, as a member of the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), Eritrea adopted the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa, then on 21 April 2004 adopted the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States, a legally-binding multilateral protocol of which the RECSA is depository. The Nairobi Protocol has since been signed, and ratified by Eritrea

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists Eritrea as an elected member

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The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed by Eritrea.

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The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed by Eritrea

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The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed by Eritrea

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Eritrea committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects

Compare UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Eritrea against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 90 among 159 Member States

Compare UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Eritrea has submitted one or more national reports on its implementation of the UNPoA

Compare UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Eritrea, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated

Compare UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Eritrea, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated

Compare UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Eritrea submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated by Eritrea to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided to Eritrea by other UN Member States

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According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Eritrea has not declared its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

In the UN List of Member States, Eritrea has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1993

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list Eritrea as a Participating State

Link

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16, which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Compare

ChartIn Eritrea, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 389
2012: 437
2010: 389
2008: 879

Compare Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.70
2012: 7.1
2010: 7.26
2008: 17.8
2004: 15.90
2002: 7.60
1999: 2.77

Compare Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 307
2010: 290

Compare Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Eritrea, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 12.63

Compare Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Eritrea, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 83
2010: 100

Compare Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Eritrea, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 3.44

Link

For a profile of conflict in Eritrea, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Compare Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Eritrea, it is state policy to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Compare Firearm Marking

In Eritrea, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law

Compare Firearm Tracing

In Eritrea, state authorities carry out recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Link

To see where Eritrea ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index

Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)

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Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)

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UNODC.2020.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q13355)

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UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Eritrea.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q9934)

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Eritrea.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6421)

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Eritrea.2010.‘Introduction.’ National Report of Eritrea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Eritrea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3729)

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Eritrea.2010.‘Legislation, Regulations, Administrative Procedures.’ National Report of Eritrea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Eritrea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3731)

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Eritrea.2010.‘Export Controls.’ National Report of Eritrea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Eritrea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3736)

17.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Import, Export and Transit - Licensing.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5342)

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Eritrea.2010.‘Collection and Disposal.’ National Report of Eritrea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Eritrea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3734)

20.

Eritrea.2014.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Eritrea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Eritrea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12661)

21.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Brokering.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5343)

22.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)

23.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Overview of Existing Legislation and Conformity to Regional and International Agreements and Definitions.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5329)

24.

Eritrea.2010.‘National Coordination Agency.’ National Report of Eritrea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Eritrea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3730)

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Eritrea.2010.‘Introduction.’ National Report of Eritrea on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Eritrea to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3728)

28.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Controls on Civilian Possession and Use: Offences/Penalties.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5339)

29.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Type of Weapon and Duration of License.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5336)

30.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Controls on Civilian Possession and Use.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5330)

31.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5359)

32.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Age Restrictions.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5333)

33.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Competency Test.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5334)

34.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Record Keeping.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5341)

35.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Quantity of Weapons.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5335)

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38.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Trade - Record Keeping.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5347)

39.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Manufacture - Record Keeping.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5345)

40.

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41.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Trade - Restrictions on Sale/Transfer.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5348)

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Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Trade - Licensing.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5346)

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44.

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46.

Flew, Catherine and Angus Urquhart.2004.‘Restrictions on Carriage of Small Arm.’ Strengthening Small Arms controls: An Audit of Small Arms Control Legislation in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa - Eritrea.London:Saferworld / SaferAfrica,1 February. (Q5337)

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Citation for this Article

Alpers, Philip, Marcus Wilson and Amélie Rossetti. 2020. Eritrea — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law. Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney. GunPolicy.org, 7 April. Accessed 5 June 2020. at: https://www.gunpolicy.org/firearms/region/eritrea

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