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Home Business guidance EU Approved additives and E Numbers

EU Approved additives and E Numbers

Additives and E Numbers for colours, preservatives, antioxidants, sweeteners, emulsifiers, stabilisers, thickeners and other types of additives. Last updated 1 March 2018 View PDF

Food additives legislation applies to all food businesses across the UK. This guidance provides information about regulatory requirements that you need to comply with.

Food additives legislation guidance to compliance (191.49 KB)

Most additives are only permitted to be used in certain foods and are subject to specific quantitative limits, so it is important to note this list should be used in conjunction with the appropriate European Union legislation.

Colours

E NumbersAdditivesE100Curcumin E101(i) Riboflavin (ii) Riboflavin-5'-phosphate E102Tartrazine E104Quinoline yellow E110Sunset Yellow FCF; Orange Yellow S E120Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines E122Azorubine; Carmoisine E123Amaranth E124Ponceau 4R; Cochineal Red A E127Erythrosine E129Allura Red AC E131Patent Blue V E132lndigotine; Indigo Carmine E133Brilliant Blue FCF E140Chlorophylls and chlorophyllins E141Copper complexes of chlorophyll and chlorophyllins E142Green S E150aPlain caramel E150bCaustic sulphite caramel E150cAmmonia caramel E150dSulphite ammonia caramel E151Brilliant Black BN; Black PN E153Vegetable carbon E155Brown HT E160aCarotenes E160bAnnatto; Bixin; Norbixin E160cPaprika extract; Capsanthian; Capsorubin E160dLycopene E160eBeta-apo-8'-carotenal (C30) E161bLutein E161gCanthaxanthin E162Beetroot Red; Betanin E163Anthocyanins E170Calcium carbonate E171Titanium dioxide E172Iron oxides and hydroxides E173Aluminium E174Silver E175Gold E180Litholrubine BK

Preservatives

E NumbersAdditivesE200Sorbic acid E202Potassium sorbate E203Calcium sorbate E210Benzoic acid E211Sodium benzoate E212Potassium benzoate E213Calcium benzoate E214Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate E215Sodium ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate E218Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate E219Sodium methyl p-hydroxybenzoate E220Sulphur dioxide E221Sodium sulphite E222Sodium hydrogen sulphite E223Sodium metabisulphite E224Potassium metabisulphite E226Calcium sulphite E227Calcium hydrogen sulphite E228Potassium hydrogen sulphite E234Nisin E235Natamycin E239Hexamethylene tetramine E242Dimethyl dicarbonate E243Ethyl lauroyl arginate E249Potassium nitrite E250Sodium nitrite E251Sodium nitrate E252Potassium nitrate E280Propionic acid E281Sodium propionate E282Calcium propionate E283Potassium propionate E284Boric acid E285Sodium tetraborate; borax E1105Lysozyme

Antioxidants

E NumbersAdditivesE300Ascorbic acid E301Sodium ascorbate E302Calcium ascorbate E304Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid E306Tocopherols E307Alpha-tocopherol E308Gamma-tocopherol E309Delta-tocopherol E310Propyl gallate E311Octyl gallate E312Dodecyl gallate E315Erythorbic acid E316Sodium erythorbate E319Tertiary-butyl hydroquinone (TBHQ) E320Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) E321Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) E392Extracts of rosemary E5864-Hexylresorcinol

Sweeteners

E NumbersAdditivesE420(i) Sorbitol (ii) Sorbitol syrup E421Mannitol E950Acesulfame K E951Aspartame E952Cyclamic acid and its Na and Ca salts E953lsomalt E954Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca salts E955Sucralose E957Thaumatin E959Neohesperidine DC E960Steviol glycoside E961Neotame E962Salt of aspartame-acesulfame E964Polyglycitol syrup E965(i) Maltitol (ii) Maltitol syrup E966Lactitol E967Xylitol E968Erythritol E969Advantame

Emulsifiers, Stabilisers, Thickeners and Gelling Agents

E NumbersAdditivesE322Lecithins E400Alginic acid E401Sodium alginate E402Potassium alginate E403Ammonium alginate E404Calcium alginate E405Propane-1,2-diol alginate E406Agar E407Carrageenan E407aProcessed eucheuma seaweed E410Locust bean gum; carob gum E412Guar gum E413Tragacanth E414Acacia gum; gum arabic E415Xanthan gum E416Karaya gum E417Tara gum E418Gellan gum E425Konjac E426Soybean hemicellulose E427Cassia gum E432Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate; Polysorbate 20 E433Polyoxyethylene sorbitan mono-oleate; Polysorbate 80 E434Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate; Polysorbate 40 E435Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate; Polysorbate 60 E436Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate; Polysorbate 65 E440Pectins E442Ammonium phosphatides E444Sucrose acetate isobutyrate E445Glycerol esters of wood rosins E460Cellulose E461Methyl cellulose E462Ethyl cellulose E463Hydroxypropyl cellulose E464Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose E465Ethyl methyl cellulose E466Carboxy methyl cellulose E468Crosslinked sodium carboxy methyl cellulose E469Enzymatically hydrolysed carboxy methyl cellulose E470aSodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids E470bMagnesium salts of fatty acids E471Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids E472aAcetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids E472bLactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids E472cCitric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids E472d

Tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

E472eMono- and diacetyltartaric acid esters of mono-
and diglycerides of fatty acids E472fMixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono-
and diglycerides of fatty acids E473Sucrose esters of fatty acids E474Sucroglycerides E475Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids E476Polyglycerol polyricinoleate E477Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids E479bThermally oxidised soya bean oil interacted with mono­ and diglycerides of fatty acids E481Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate E482Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate E483Stearyl tartrate E491Sorbitan monostearate E492Sorbitan tristearate E493Sorbitan monolaurate E494Sorbitan monooleate E495Sorbitan monopalmitate E1103Invertase

Others

Acid, acidity regulators, anti-caking agents, anti-foaming agents, bulking agents, carriers and carrier solvents, emulsifying salts, firming agents, flavour enhancers, flour treatment agents, foaming agents, glazing agents, humectants, modified starches, packaging gases, propellants, raising agents and sequestrants.

E260Acetic acid E261Potassium acetate E262Sodium acetate E263Calcium acetate E270Lactic acid E290Carbon dioxide E296Malic acid E297Fumaric acid E325Sodium lactate E326Potassium lactate E327Calcium lactate E330Citric acid E331Sodium citrates E332Potassium citrates E333Calcium citrates E334Tartaric acid (L-(+)) E335Sodium tartrates E336Potassium tartrates E337Sodium potassium tartrate E338Phosphoric acid E339Sodium phosphates E340Potassium phosphates E341Calcium phosphates E343Magnesium phosphates E350Sodium malates E351Potassium malate E352Calcium malates E353Metatartaric acid E354Calcium tartrate E355Adipic acid E356Sodium adipate E357Potassium adipate E363Succinic acid E380Triammonium citrate E385Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate;
calcium disodium EDTA E422Glycerol E423Octenyl succinic acid modified gum Arabic E431Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate E450Diphosphates E451Triphosphates E452Polyphosphates E459Beta-cyclodextrin E499Stigmasterol-rich plant sterols E500Sodium carbonates E501Potassium carbonates E503Ammonium carbonates E504Magnesium carbonates E507Hydrochloric acid E508Potassium chloride E509Calcium chloride E511Magnesium chloride E512Stannous chloride E513Sulphuric acid E514Sodium sulphates E515Potassium sulphates E516Calcium sulphate E517Ammonium sulphate E520Aluminium sulphate E521Aluminium sodium sulphate E522Aluminium potassium sulphate E523Aluminium ammonium sulphate E524Sodium hydroxide E525Potassium hydroxide E526Calcium hydroxide E527Ammonium hydroxide E528Magnesium hydroxide E529Calcium oxide E530Magnesium oxide E535Sodium ferrocyanide E536Potassium ferrocyanide E538Calcium ferrocyanide E541Sodium aluminium phosphate E551Silicon dioxide E552Calcium silicate E553a(i) Magnesium silicate (ii) Magnesium trisilicate E553bTalc E554Sodium aluminium silicate E555Potassium aluminium silicate E556Aluminium calcium silicate E559Aluminium silicate; Kaolin E570Fatty acids E574Gluconic acid E575Glucono delta-lactone E576Sodium gluconate E577Potassium gluconate E578Calcium gluconate E579Ferrous gluconate E585Ferrous lactate E620Glutamic acid E621Monosodium glutamate E622Monopotassium glutamate E623Calcium diglutamate E624Monoammonium glutamate E625Magnesium diglutamate E626Guanylic acid E627Disodium guanylate E628Dipotassium guanylate E629Calcium guanylate E630lnosinic acid E631Disodium inosinate E632Dipotassium inosinate E633Calcium inosinate E634Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides E635Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides E640Glycine and its sodium salt E641L-leucine E650Zinc acetate E900Dimethylpolysiloxane E901Beeswax, white and yellow E902Candelilla wax E903Carnauba wax E904Shellac E905Microcrystalline wax E907Hydrogenated Poly-1-Decene E912Montan acid esters E914Oxidised Polyethylene wax E920L-Cysteine E927bCarbamide E938Argon E939Helium E941Nitrogen E942Nitrous oxide E943aButane E943bIso-butane E944Propane E948Oxygen E949Hydrogen E999Quillaia extract E1200Polydextrose E1201Polyvinylpyrrolidone E1202Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone E1203Polyvinyl alcohol E1204Pullulan E1205Basic methacrylate copolymer E1206Neutral methacrylate copolymer E1207Anionic methacrylate copolymer E1208Polyvinylpyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer E1209Polyvinyl alcohol-polyethylene glycol-graft- co-polymer E1404Oxidised starch E1410Monostarch phosphate E1412Distarch phosphate E1413Phosphated distarch phosphate E1414Acetylated distarch phosphate E1420Acetylated starch E1422Acetylated distarch adipate E1440Hydroxyl propyl starch E1442Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate E1450Starch sodium octenyl succinate E1451Acetylated oxidised starch E1452Starch aluminium Octenyl succinate E1505Triethyl citrate E1517Glyceryl diacetate (diacetin) E1518Glyceryl triacetate; triacetin E1519Benzyl alcohol E1520Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol E1521Polyethylene glycol

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