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Geography & Travel

Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago. Browse Subcategories Cities & Towns Countries of the World Historical Places Highways & Trails Human Geography Languages Physical Geography of Land Physical Geography of Water Nature Reserves & National Parks States & Other Subdivisions Geographic Regions Tourist Attractions

Featured content, July 07, 2020

What’s the Difference Between Great Britain and the United Kingdom? Navigating the nomenclature of the British Isles Demystified / Geography & Travel Written By John M. Cunningham Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway? #WTFact / Geography & Travel Written By Nora Gonzalez 11 Caves That Made History Know before you go. List / Geography & Travel What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about... Companion / Geography & Travel African Americans African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. African Americans are mainly of African... Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel Written By Hollis Lynch Asia Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent. It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass.... Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel Written By Clifton W. Pannell | See all Native American Native American, member of any of the aboriginal peoples of the Western Hemisphere, although the term often connotes only... Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel Written By Elizabeth Prine Pauls Cave Cave, natural opening in the earth large enough for human exploration. Such a cavity is formed in many types of rock and... Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel Written By William B. White

Geography & Travel Quizzes

Chicago Do you think you know all there is to know about Chicago? Test your knowledge with this quiz. Quiz / Geography & Travel Beautiful Borneo Located in the southwest Pacific, Borneo is the world’s third largest island. The island is politically divided among Malaysia,... Quiz / Geography & Travel U.S. State Mottoes Each of the 50 states has a motto. Can you identify all of them? Test your knowledge of U.S. state mottoes in this quiz. Quiz / Geography & Travel U.S. State Capitals Quiz Do you know the capitals of the 50 states? In this quiz, you’ll be given a state, and you’ll need to select its capital city—all... Quiz / Geography & Travel World Capitals Quiz Can you identify the world’s national capitals? In this quiz you’ll be shown the names of 195 countries, and you’ll need... Quiz / Geography & Travel Countries and Capitals Quiz How well do you know the world’s capital cities? In this quiz you’ll be presented with the names of 195 capital cities. You’ll... Quiz / Geography & Travel Quick Quiz: Canada Canada’s landmass is big, but this quiz is not. Test what you know about Canadian geography. Quiz / Geography & Travel Know Your European Geography Quiz What’s the longest river in Europe? Where is Gdańsk? Get ready to prove what you know about the geography (and history) of... Quiz / Geography & Travel Quick Quiz: Central American Geography Central America consists of seven countries (and sometimes part of an eighth), but this quiz includes only two questions.... Quiz / Geography & Travel Geography of Ireland Quiz Ireland is called the Emerald Isle because of its vividly green grasslands. This quiz will test what you know about some... Quiz / Geography & Travel

Geography & Travel Videos

Cornwall: Trebah Garden Video / Geography & Travel Egypt: tourism Video / Geography & Travel Explore the fertile Mediterranean olive orchards and grape vineyards across Tuscan landscape Video / Geography & Travel Tour Berlin to see its arc de triomphe and its famous Unter den Linden and Kurfürstendamm avenues Video / Geography & Travel Wellington, New Zealand Video / Geography & Travel Australia: Stuart Highway Video / Geography & Travel Explore Athen's rich ancient culture and walk through Parthenon and Erectheum temple ruins atop the Acropolis Video / Geography & Travel Venice: fire brigade Video / Geography & Travel northern Indian cities Video / Geography & Travel Walk through ruins of an Irish monastery from the Middle Ages in the Vale of Glendalough Video / Geography & Travel Image Gallery Geography & Travel View Gallery Never Miss a Day in History Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers delivered right to your inbox. Thank you for subscribing! Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

Geography & Travel Subcategories

Cities & Towns This general category includes a selection of more specific topics. Articles Countries of the World Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world. Articles Historical Places This general category includes a selection of more specific topics. Articles Highways & Trails This general category includes a selection of more specific topics. Articles Human Geography Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography. Articles Languages Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release. Articles Physical Geography of Land Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today. Articles Physical Geography of Water Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more. Articles Nature Reserves & National Parks Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States. Articles States & Other Subdivisions Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized. Articles Geographic Regions This general category includes a selection of more specific topics. Articles Tourist Attractions This general category includes a selection of more specific topics. Articles Britannica Premium Subscription Did you know you’re not getting the full Britannica experience? Sign up for Premium to get access to all of our trusted content and exclusive originals for only $5.99/month. Check out Britannica's new site for parents!