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Charles Lucien Bonaparte
May 24, 1803 – July 29, 1857. Author abbreviation: Bonaparte
Charles Lucien ("Carlo Luciano") Bonaparte was French zoologist specialized in ornithology and ichthyology. He also studied amphibians and reptiles and is the author of Ursini's viper, Vipera ursinii. Bonaparte was the son of Lucien Bonaparte and Alexandrine de Bleschamp, and a nephew of Emperor Napoleon. Born in Paris, he was raised in Italy. After getting married to Zénaïde Bonaparte, he and his wife left for Philadelphia in the United States to live with Joseph Bonaparte, father of Zénaïde. Before leaving Italy, Charles had already discovered a warbler new to science, the moustached warbler (Acrocephalus melanopogon), and on the voyage he collected specimens of a new storm-petrel, Oceanites oceanicus. On arrival in the United States he presented a paper on this new bird, which was later named Wilson's storm petrel (after Alexander Wilson).
At the end of 1826, Bonaparte and his family returned to Europe. He visited Germany, where he met Philipp Jakob Cretzschmar, and England, where he met John Edward Gray at the British Museum, and renewed his acquaintance with John James Audubon. In 1828, the family settled in Rome. In Italy, he was the originator of several scientific congresses, and lectured and wrote extensively on American and European ornithology and other branches of natural history. Between 1832 and 1841, Bonaparte published his work on the animals of Italy, Iconografia della Fauna Italica. He had also published Specchio Comparativo delle Ornithologie di Roma e di Filadelfia (Pisa, 1827), presenting a comparison between birds of the latitude of Philadelphia and Italian species. He created the genus Zenaida, after his wife, for the mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) and its relatives. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1845.
In 1850, Bonaparte and his family of wife and twelve children moved to France, and he made Paris his home for the rest of his life. In 1854, he became director of the Jardin des Plantes. In 1855, he was made a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He published the first volume of his Conspectus Generum Avium before his death, the second volume being edited by Hermann Schlegel. Lucien Charles Bonaparte died in Paris at the age of 54.
Species of the month
Some facts on this penguin:
Head and body length: 65–75 cm.
Weight: 4.4–6.1 kg during breeding season.
Diet: Krill, fish, and small amounts of squid.
Range: Endemic to Macquarie Island and Clerk and Bishop Islets in Australia.
Incubation period: 30–40 days.
Surviving number: Estimated at 1,700,000.
Conservation status: Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)
First described: By the German ethnographer, naturalist and explorer Otto Finsch, in 1876.
If you're looking for an exemplary husband and wife, Eudyptes schlegeli will certainly satisfy you. These penguins divide the household chores equally between them: The female takes the first two-week shift incubating her eggs, then comes the male's turn. After the egg hatches, the male assumes guard duty while the female forages for food to bring back to their hungry chick. At about 20 days, the chick joins a crèche (a group of youngsters receiving communal care), freeing both parents to bring meals home. When it reaches some 70 days old, the chick will have fledged and can begin to fend for itself. It becomes sexually mature at one year. These birds often form large colonies of up to 500,000 individuals. The nests are usually placed a few hundred meters from the sea and the birds make access routes through the tussock grass. Historically, royal penguins were hunted for their oil and at the industry's peak in 1905, a plant established on Macquarie Island was processing 2000 penguins at a time. Before hunting started, 3 million penguins were living on the islands.
See also: Species of previous months
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- This page was last edited on 14 August 2019, at 14:47.