Roman Emperor (284-305 CE)Historical Persons / Romans
Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (245-316 CE) brought an end to decades of crisis and anarchy in the Roman Empire when he became emperor in 284.
He was born somewhere on the Dalmatian coast in humble conditions. Originally his name was Diocles. The times were chaotic with ever changing emperors, and Diocles sought a career in the military. He was a able and successful commander, and in 284 he was acclaimed emperor by the soldiers. He changed his name into Diocletian at that occasion.
Diocletian started what was basically a military despotic rule. He introduced the tetrachy with two emperors with the title “Augustus”, one for the east and one for the west, and each adopted a successor, with the title “Caesar”. This scheme was intended to assure the empire would never be without emperor and that the line of succession would be certain and indisputable. The co-emperor of Diocletian was Maximianus Herculius, and the Caesars were Constantius (father of Constantine I) and Galerius. This divistion of powers led to the de facto division of the empire.
The tetrachy worked well, and in line with its intentions Diocletian retired in 305 and forced his co-ruler Maximianus Herculius to do the same, and power passed to the Caesars who in turn elected new Caesars. Diocletian went to live the last years of his life in a palace he had constructed near Split in Dalmatia.
Photo gallery for "Diocletian"
There are 1 photos in this gallery.
Pages referring to "Diocletian"
- Baths of Diocletian
- Central square
- Constantine I
- Curia Julia
- Hadrian's Villa
- Maximianus Herculius
- Temple of Saturn
Leave a Reply Cancel replyLast updated on: 6 August 2003
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.Non-necessary
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.