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Philosophy, Miscellaneous

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  1. added 2020-06-28 Foundations of Private Property Society Theory: Anarchism for the Civilized Person.Robert Wenzel (ed.) - 2018 - San Francisco USA: Gallatin House.detailsA proposal for the structure of an anarchist society based on private property and the recognition of methodological individualism. Philosophy, Miscellaneous $16.24 direct from Amazon   $17.11 used   Amazon page Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  2. added 2020-06-25 Football is “the Most Important of the Least Important Things”: The Illusion of Sport and COVID-19.Jack Black - 2020 - Leisure Sciences:xx-yy.detailsIn his book, On the Pleasure Principle in Culture (2014), Robert Pfaller argued that our relationship to sport is one grounded in “illusion”. Simply put, our interest in and enjoyment of sport occurs through a process of “knowing better”. Here, one’s knowledge of the unimportance of sport is achieved by associating the illusion of sport with a naïve observer – i.e. someone who does believe in sport’s importance. In the wake of the global pandemic, COVID-19, it would seem that Pfaller’s (...) remarks have taken on an added significance. With major sporting events and domestic competitions being indefinitely postponed or canceled, Liverpool manager, Jurgen Klopp, commented that football was “the most important of the least important things”. In light of these remarks, this paper will critically locate sport’s sudden unimportance in relation to Pfaller’s contention that sport reflects an “illusion without owner”. (shrink) Continental Psychoanalysis, Misc in Continental Philosophy Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)   Export citation   Bookmark  
  3. added 2020-06-25 Vicarious Pain and Genuine Pleasure: Some Reflections on Spectator Transformation of Meaning in Sport.Leslie A. Howe - 2007 - In Heather Sheridan, Leslie A. Howe & Keith Thompson (eds.), Sporting Reflections: Some Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford, UK: Meyer and Meyer Sport, Ltd.. pp. 32-44.detailsAmbiguity in the athlete’s perception and description of pain that opens the door to a series of reinterpretations of athletic experience and events that argue the development of an increasingly inauthentic relation to self and others on the part of those who consume performance as third parties (spectators) and ultimately those who produce it first hand (athletes). The insertion of the spectator into the sport situation as a consumer of the athlete’s activity and the preference given to spectator interpretation shift (...) control of meaning away from the athlete and encourage a demand for athlete suffering in aid of the spectator’s own need for meaning. Through discussions of the function of narrative in sport spectacle, the witnessing role of spectators, and the phenomenon of vicarious substitution, I discuss the representation of the athlete as a character ideal and moral exemplar. At a more developed level of external interpretation, the athlete (or team) becomes the champion of the spectator, the role model or focal point of civic pride whose victory asserts the ascendence of my team and town over yours; and finally, the athlete or team is the intentional object of fan identification: my team is me. I conclude that the existential commitment of the spectator as devoted fan is an inauthentic one. (shrink) Philosophy, Miscellaneous Sports in Applied Ethics Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  4. added 2020-06-22 Physics Does It Better: So Why Be Afraid of Philosophy?Livio De Fabrizio - unknowndetailsPhysics is the best tool to investigate nature ("physics does it better") and philosophy, far from being a competitor, is a companion in its quest for knowledge ("so why be afraid of philosophy?"). In this article it is observed that the anti-philosophical positions within the modern scientific community come from misconceptions and that scientists can't be "against philosophy". As a conclusion, the expressions "laws of physics" and "laws of nature" are discussed. Epistemology, Misc in Epistemology Philosophy of Physical Science, Miscellaneous in Philosophy of Physical Science Philosophy of Science, Miscellaneous in Philosophy of Science, Misc Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  5. added 2020-06-18 On Acquisition of Non-Native Languages.Benjamin Weber - manuscriptdetailsThroughout this paper, I will pose a reponse to the question of, and elucidate through analogy, why it is that acquisition of certain languages is less effortful than of other languages. I will demonstrate that tradition dictates we ought to organize languages into family style groupings according to the organization and understanding of our personal situation in a world—our personal way of being in the world (Weltenshauung) . The world in which native speakers of English live is more similar to (...) the world of native Spanish speakers (both of which developing from Indo-European) than that of native Swahili speakers (developed from Bantu); consequently, it appears reasonable to conclude that expression between or among speakers of different language families communicate less successfully, efficiently, and effortlessly than otherwise because how each of these language families ‘carve reality at the joints’—that is, the conditions which make statements in one language true are more alike among members of a single family than otherwise. I consider an example of how ways of living in time varies. Further, I defend that the considerations I apply to the specific case of living in time are not a function of the respective culture independent of personal use of language, but arise according to the signification of such mental events as ‘past’ and ‘future,’ for example. Fundamentally, I rely on the assumption that what makes statements true or false is a function of the specific person’s existing in the world rather than a function of the world itself; therefore, I defend that language acquisition varies by similarity in those conditions which make propositions true or false. (shrink) Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  6. added 2020-06-16 Metaphilosophy.Ulrich de Balbian - forthcoming - Oxford: Academic Publications.detailsMeta-philosophical investigation of the nature, aims, methods of philosophy. Original, creative-thinking vs derivative , secondary thinking. Exploration of the limits of the philosophical discourse by subject-matter or fields shared with other disciplines eg logic, thinking, cognition, arguments, etc. Inter-disciplinary topics and issues can lead philosophers to become involved in other disciplines and thereby destroy the philosophical discourse and philosophizing. Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)   Export citation   Bookmark  
  7. added 2020-06-16 New Data on the Linguistic Diversity of Authorship in Philosophy Journals.Chun-Ping Yen & Tzu-Wei Hung - 2019 - Erkenntnis 84 (4):953-974.detailsThis paper investigates the representation of authors with different linguistic backgrounds in academic publishing. We first review some common rebuttals of concerns about linguistic injustice. We then analyze 1039 authors of philosophy journals, primarily selected from the 2015 Leiter Report. While our data show that Anglophones dominate the output of philosophy papers, this unequal distribution cannot be solely attributed to language capacities. We also discover that ethics journals have more Anglophone authors than logic journals and that most authors are affiliated (...) with English-speaking universities, suggesting other factors may also play significant roles. Moreover, some interesting results are revealed when we combine the factor of sex with place of affiliation and linguistic background. It indicates that while certain linguistic injustice is inevitable in academic publishing, it may be more complex than thought. We next introduce Broadbent’s :457–476, 2012, Philosophy of epidemiology, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2013, Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci 48:250–257, 2014) contrastive account of causation to give a causal explanation of our findings. Broadbent’s account not only well characterizes the multifaceted causality in academic publishing but also provides a methodological guideline for further investigation. (shrink) Philosophy of Science, Miscellaneous in Philosophy of Science, Misc Philosophy, Miscellaneous Professional Areas, Misc in Professional Areas Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)   Export citation   Bookmark  
  8. added 2020-06-10 Chúng ta nên thay đổi quan niệm về việc rút bài báo khoa học.Ban Biên Tập Ktdb - 2020 - Economy and Forecast Review 52 (6):1-2.detailsOther Academic Areas, Misc Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  9. added 2020-06-10 Cần minh bạch hơn việc rút bài báo khoa học.Hồ Mạnh Toàn - 2020 - Khoa Học Và Phát Triển 2020 (6):1-3.detailsTác giả Vương Quân Hoàng (Trung tâm Nghiên cứu Xã hội Liên ngành ISR, trường Đại học Phenikaa) vừa có bài viết quan điểm trên tạp chí Nature về việc làm thế nào để việc rút bài báo khoa học trở nên minh bạch hơn, mang lại lợi ích cho bản thân nhà khoa học bị rút bài cũng như cộng đồng khoa học. Philosophy of Science, General Works in Philosophy of Science, Misc Philosophy of Science, Miscellaneous in Philosophy of Science, Misc Philosophy, Miscellaneous Teaching Philosophy, Misc in Teaching Philosophy Remove from this list   Direct download   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  10. added 2020-06-10 The World as "Is" and the World as "Ought".Kelly Agra - 2015 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 22 (2):68-79.detailsWithin this working context, this paper exammes how philosophy is situated within the horizon of circulated knowledge. Using Alain Badiou's discussion about the fate of philosophy after Hegel, this paper highlights three distinct phenomena: the end of philosophy, the linguistic turn, and the suture of philosophy to other disciplines. This paper argues that these three signal a paradigm shift in philosophizing, namely, the shift of orientation from the metaphysical to the finite. After the discussion about contemporary philosophy, this paper argues (...) in the spirit of Badiou that philosophy's current form is incapable of addressing one of the most alarmmg crises in the world today, the crisis of subjectivity. (shrink) 20th Century Philosophy, Misc in 20th Century Philosophy Philosophy, General Works Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)   Export citation   Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. added 2020-06-09 Trouble at Work.Brent Silby - manuscriptdetailsIntroduction to logic-based therapy. This Socratic dialogue illustrates the techniques used by Philosophical Counselors in helping their clients work through life problems. Philosophical Counseling is based on Stoic Philosophy and practitioners assist clients to identify faulty reasoning that leads to poor behavioral choices or unwanted emotions. Dialogues such as this can serve as teaching resources for students working towards certification in Practical Philosophy or Philosophical Counseling. Philosophy, General Works Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  12. added 2020-05-30 O SUJEITO DISCURSIVIZADO COMO EMPRESA NO YOUTUBE: TRABALHO E CONDIÇÕES (DIGITAIS) DE PRODUÇÃO.Guilherme Adorno & Luciana Nogueira - 2020 - Anais Do SEAD 9:1-7.detailsAutogestão, autoempreendedorismo, infotrabalho, trabalho intermitente, criptomoeda, uberização, proletariado de serviços e servidão digital delineiam uma série de designações indicativas das mudanças das condições de (re)produção do Capital nas suas formas contemporâneas. Grandes corporações como Google, Facebook e Amazon participam desse processo tanto no eixo da infraestrutura econômica, quanto na produção discursiva que sustenta ideologicamente as relações de trabalho determinadas pelo Aparelho Digital. Essa pesquisa elege como material específico de análise uma sequência de cursos oferecidos pelo “YouTube Academy” para a criação, (...) gerenciamento e divulgação de uma empresa associada à plataforma de vídeos do YouTube. O objetivo é investigar os modos de imbricação e/ou separação entre o sujeito e a empresa. Para construir os procedimentos analíticos, delimitamos as seguintes perguntas: Como as formas imaginárias do sujeito (o “eu”, a identidade e a individualidade) estão relacionadas com a criação e o funcionamento de uma empresa no YouTube? Como o trabalho e as relações de trabalho são significados nessa discursividade? O olhar discursivo é ainda guiado por compreensões de pesquisas anteriores: o modo como o “eu” é discursivizado em produto, o funcionamento da “empresa de si” como modelo de identificação e a empresarialidade. As referências passam por Michel Pêcheux, Eni Orlandi, Suzy Lagazzi, Luciana Nogueira, Guilherme Adorno, Joel Bombardelli, Pierre Dardot, Christian Laval e Ricardo Antunes. O conceito de político, compreendido discursivamente como conflito e disputa pelos sentidos - e seus efeitos de deslocamento, assim como o apagamento do político do lugar que lhe seria próprio - e o conceito de exterioridade discursiva são mais enfaticamente mobilizados na pesquisa, além das discussões em torno do discurso neoliberal e da psicologização do sujeito pelos efeitos discursivos de liberdade e autonomia. Um trabalho de análise da constituição da discursividade que tem o “sentido (já) lá” como resultado do efeito de exterioridade. Esperamos mostrar, assim, como, nas condições de produção sócio-históricas de um “Imperialismo Digital”, uma mudança da “economia política do poder-dizer” afeta os modos de circulação não só dos discursos, mas do próprio Capital. (shrink) 20th Century French Philosophy, Misc in European Philosophy Other Academic Areas, Misc Philosophy, General Works Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  13. added 2020-05-30 Структурная онтология социализации личности. Завершающие замечания.Vitalii Shymko - 2019 - Pro|Stranstvo.detailsПубликация (#10) из научно-популярного цикла: "Структурная онтология познания с доктором Шимко". Epistemology of Mind in Philosophy of Mind Metaphysics of Mind in Philosophy of Mind Philosophy of Consciousness in Philosophy of Mind Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  14. added 2020-05-27 Nghiên cứu khoa học xã hội Việt Nam: giữa ngã ba đường.Phạm Hùng Hiệp - 2020 - An Ninh Thế Giới 2020 (3):1-6.detailsCommunication in Social Sciences Education in Professional Areas Journalism and Media in Professional Areas Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  15. added 2020-05-26 "Верблюдът" Радичков: въображението като реалност.Vasil Penchev - 2019 - In Пламен Антов (ed.), Магическият реализъм. Sofia: pp. 69-86.detailsThe text aims to explain Radichkov's special magical capaЬility of creating imaginary worlds. His words do not mean any external reality to which they refer. Тhеу themselves are reality. Radickov's language consists of "ontological quanta". Any ontological quantum means both reality and а certain image of it, indivisiЫe and indistinguishaЫe from each other. Here we сап also involve non-Saussurean semiotics. The signifier and the signified are indivisiЫe and complementary in any sign. The meanings are areas of agreement between human beings. (...) Language generates that agreement between people. Its uncertainness and unclearness are not disadvantages. They allow for the people to agree with each other. The opacity of language is not Iess important than its transparency. The opacity means its aЬility to create fictions and literature and to replace reality with them. The basis of that opacity is ontological quanta: they allow апу average human being to use language successfully. Saussurean semiology considers Ianguage as а "Ыасk Ьох" averaged Ьу huge ensemЫes ofuses and only in terms ofthe past: language as well-ordered in ideality. The semiotics of ontological quanta is temporal: it сап refer both to the past and future oflanguage as well as to its present. lt describes how the indistinguishaЫe signs ofthe future are transformed in the well-ordered signs ofthe past Ьу means of choices in the present. The semiotics of ontological quanta сап Ье presented as that modification of the classical semiotic scheme where the signified and the signifier are complementary. (shrink) Fictional Characters in Aesthetics Philosophy, Miscellaneous Truth in Fiction in Aesthetics Remove from this list   Direct download   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  16. added 2020-05-23 Радичков другарува с думите.Vasil Penchev - 2000 - "Филвест".detailsA few works of the famous Bulgarian writer Yordan Radichkov (1929-2004) are interpreted philosophically. What is investigated is the availability and inovation of well-known ideas of Western philosophy in them. The great literature refers to human life and being: thus, it shares many topics with philosophy. Fictional Characters in Aesthetics Hans-Georg Gadamer in Continental Philosophy Jean-Paul Sartre in Continental Philosophy Martin Heidegger in Continental Philosophy Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  17. added 2020-05-22 Свирепа Философия. Творчеството на Радичков като философска тема.Vasil Penchev - 2007 - Sofia: Академично издателство "Проф. Марин Дринов".detailsThe famous Bulgariann writer Yordan Radichkov's works are interpreted philosophically. The genre of philosophical and literary criticism is utilized. Any great writer referring to considerable questions of human life and being, and thus, philosophical. A few short stories, plays, and novels of Radichkov (1929-2004) are interpreted accordingly their philosophical content. Hans-Georg Gadamer in Continental Philosophy Jean-Paul Sartre in Continental Philosophy Martin Heidegger in Continental Philosophy Philosophy, Miscellaneous The Role of Language in Thought in Philosophy of Language Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  18. added 2020-05-21 Zamiast wstępu.Tadeusz Ciecierski - 2019 - Studia Semiotyczne 33 (2):5-6.detailsLeon Koj napisał w zakończeniu do Problemów semiotyki logicznej, że nie sposób sobie wyobrazić semiotyki w Polsce bez Jerzego Pelca. Można opinię tę rozumieć tak, że Jerzy Pelc wywarł na semiotykę polską wpływ, bez którego to, co w niej najlepsze, nie przybrałoby nigdy formy rozwiniętej, nie ujrzałoby światła dziennego oraz nie znalazłoby odbicia w dydaktyce uniwersyteckiej. Jest to opinia trafna, a rozprawy zawarte w niniejszym – poświęconym Jerzemu Pelcowi – tomie Studiów Semiotycznych są oznakami tego wpływu. Philosophy, Miscellaneous Semiotics in Social Sciences Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  19. added 2020-05-19 Discovering the Harmony of Reason and Faith in the Symphony of Eternal Creation.Gennady Shkliarevsky - manuscriptdetailsTensions between the domain of reason and the domain of faith have been one of the most controversial issues in the history of our civilization for over three hundred years. They have contributed to many divisions, conflicts, and even wars. Contributions that have sought to reconcile the two domains have largely used the cultural approach in trying to solve this problem. The approach used in this essay views faith and reason from the perspective of cognitive operations. It shows that viewed (...) from this perspective, faith and reason emerge as two aspects of the process of creation of new levels of organization that takes place in the human mind. The essay correlates faith and reason with such cognitive operations as equilibration and the production of disequilibrium. This approach shows that there is no fundamental ontological contradiction between faith and reason, and that cooperation between them is not only possible but is actually essential for sustaining our mental work and the survival of our civilization. (shrink) Philosophy, General Works Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  20. added 2020-05-18 Discovering the Harmony of Reason and Faith in the Symphony of Eternal Creation.Gennady Shkliarevsky - manuscriptdetailsTensions between the domain of reason and the domain of faith have been one of the most controversial issues in the history of our civilization for over three hundred years. They have contributed to many divisions, conflicts, and even wars. Contributions that have sought to reconcile the two domains have largely used the cultural approach in trying to solve this problem. The approach used in this essay views faith and reason from the perspective of cognitive operations. It shows that viewed (...) from this perspective, faith and reason emerge as two aspects of the process of creation of new levels of organization that takes place in the human mind. The essay correlates faith and reason with such cognitive operations as equilibration and the production of disequilibrium. This approach shows that there is no fundamental ontological contradiction between faith and reason, and that cooperation between them is not only possible but is actually essential for sustaining our mental work and the survival of our civilization. (shrink) Cognitive Sciences, Misc in Cognitive Sciences European Philosophy, Miscellaneous in European Philosophy Other Academic Areas, Misc Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  21. added 2020-05-16 Sinn Und Unsinn. [REVIEW]Albert E. Blumberg - 1934 - Philosophical Review 43:638.detailsPhilosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark   2 citations  
  22. added 2020-05-15 The Puzzle of the Laws of Appearance.Adam Pautz - forthcoming - Philosophical Issues.detailsIn this paper I will present a puzzle about visual appearance. There are certain necessary constraints on how things can visually appear. The puzzle is about how to explain them. I have no satisfying solution. My main thesis is simply that the puzzle is a puzzle. I will develop the puzzle as it arises for representationalism about experience because it is currently the most popular theory of experience and I think it is along the right lines. However, everyone faces a (...) form of the puzzle, including the naïve realist. In §1 I explain representationalism about experience. In §§2-3 I develop the puzzle and criticize a response due to Ned Block and Jeff Speaks and another response based on a novel form of representationalism (“sensa representationalism”). In §4 I argue that defenders of “perceptual confidence” face an instance of the puzzle. In §5 I suggest that everyone faces a form of the puzzle. (shrink) No categories Remove from this list   Direct download   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  23. added 2020-05-15 Post-Turing Methodology: Breaking the Wall on the Way to Artificial General Intelligence.Albert Efimov - forthcoming - International Conference on Artificial General Intelligence.detailsThis article offers comprehensive criticism of the Turing test and develops quality criteria for new artificial general intelligence (AGI) assessment tests. It is shown that the prerequisites A. Turing drew upon when reducing personality and human consciousness to “suitable branches of thought” re-flected the engineering level of his time. In fact, the Turing “imitation game” employed only symbolic communication and ignored the physical world. This paper suggests that by restricting thinking ability to symbolic systems alone Turing unknowingly constructed “the wall” (...) that excludes any possi-bility of transition from a complex observable phenomenon to an abstract image or concept. It is, therefore, sensible to factor in new requirements for AI (artificial intelligence) maturity assessment when approaching the Tu-ring test. Such AI must support all forms of communication with a human being, and it should be able to comprehend abstract images and specify con-cepts as well as participate in social practices. (shrink) Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  24. added 2020-05-15 The Structure of Egocentric Space.Adrian J. T. Alsmith - forthcoming - In Frédérique de Vignemont, Hong Yu Wong, Andrea Serino & Alessandro Farné (eds.), The World at Our Fingertips: A multidisciplinary exploration of peripersonal space. Oxford: Oxford University Press.detailsThis chapter offers an indirect defence of the Evansian conception of egocentric space, by showing how it resolves a puzzle concerning the unity of egocentric spatial perception. The chapter outlines several common assumptions about egocentric perspectival structure and argues that a subject’s experience, both within and across her sensory modalities, may involve multiple structures of this kind. This raises the question of how perspectival unity is achieved, such that these perspectival structures form a complex whole, rather than merely disunified set (...) of individually, distinctively structured experiences. The shortcomings of variety of accounts are considered: switch accounts ; sensory accounts; transformation accounts; and ultimate accounts. These shortcomings are addressed by a further kind of account provided by the Evansian conception – an agentive account – according to which egocentrically structured experiences present the world in relation to parts of a single thing, the body as a dynamic unity. (shrink) Philosophy of Cognitive Science, Misc in Philosophy of Cognitive Science Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  25. added 2020-05-15 Pluralismo degli ambiti di discorso: la sfida dell'espressivismo.Pietro Salis - 2020 - In Vinicio Busacchi, Pietro Salis & Simonluca Pinna (eds.), Prassi, cultura, realtà. Saggi in onore di Pier Luigi Lecis. Milano-Udine: Mimesis Edizioni. pp. 233-246.detailsThis chapter explores some key themes of Huw Price's global expressivist program and his appropriation of inferentialist views. Some remarks concerning certain internal tensions inside that program follow. M&E, Misc Philosophy of Language, Misc in Philosophy of Language Philosophy, General Works Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  26. added 2020-05-14 La Philosophie et l'archive. Un dialogue international.Franck Jedrzejewski & Diogo Sardinha - 2017 - Paris: L'Harmattan.detailsLa philosophie contemporaine entretient avec les archives des rapports multiples. Depuis quelques décennies, des auteurs formés à la philosophie ont éprouvé le besoin de plonger dans les archives historiques pour, en quittant la pensée spéculative et purement conceptuelle, changer de perspective, de méthode et même d’objet. Ainsi Foucault accorde un droit de cité aux thèmes de la folie, de la prison et de la sexualité, sous la forme d’archéologies et de généalogies. Dans une toute autre veine, Jacques Derrida rappelle que (...) l’étymon grec arkhé place l’archive entre le commencement et le commandement. À la fois pouvoir de consignation et ouverture d’un lieu de mémoire, l’archive se situe dans un rapport de dépendance face à la mémoire et à l’institution. Pour l’utilisateur, s’intéresser à l’archive, c’est souvent cultiver l’espoir de redonner à tout événement du passé un plus haut degré d’actualité que cet événement avait au moment où il a eu lieu. C’est un fait avéré que l’histoire des minorités, l’histoire des femmes, entre autres, ont acquis de nouvelles significations par la considération des archives. Dans ce travail, des sources sont assemblées, et des dispositifs construits, pour que des arcanes du passé surgissent les preuves d’un présent renouvelé. L’archive aujourd’hui reste un amas de documents fournissant des modes de lectures propres à changer radicalement le rapport des chercheurs aux faits avec lesquels ils sont confrontés. (shrink) Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  27. added 2020-05-14 GOMPERZ, H. -Über Sinn Und Sinngebilde. [REVIEW]A. C. Ewing - 1930 - Mind 39:390.detailsPhilosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Export citation   Bookmark  
  28. added 2020-05-10 Filosofia da ignorância.Filipe Calhau (ed.) - 2020 - Porto Alegre:detailsThis book is an essay on human ignorance. It addresses several biases of ignorance, ranging from the relationship we have with the sciences to the relationship we must have with conscience and, especially, with happiness. The main objective is to present some essays that serve as tools so that they can help readers to transpose points of view, overcoming old obstacles and expanding topics from various areas of life. Before thinking about the relationship we should have with knowledge and conscience, (...) the work suggests thinking about the relationship we need to have with our own ignorance. (shrink) Happiness in Normative Ethics Philosophy of Consciousness, General Works in Philosophy of Mind Philosophy, General Works Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  29. added 2020-05-08 Unequal Worlds:Discrimination and Social Inequality in Modern India.Vidhu Verma - 2015 - New Delhi: Oxford University Press.detailsThe essays study from different perspectives, the much discussed and crucial topic of social discrimination, and particularly Dalit exploitation. The work is highly interdisciplinary in nature-relevant for several subjects and disciplines such as political science, sociology, Dalit studies, minority studies, women's studies, anthropology, law, economics This work specifically sets out to explore contemporary manifestations of discrimination that persist in our society through institutions and through norms and practices that define the terms on which certain social groups continue to be excluded. (...) The contributors bring in different critical perspectives from their different disciplines. (shrink) Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  30. added 2020-05-04 Responses to the Religion Singularity: A Rejoinder.Darren M. Slade & Kenneth W. Howard - 2019 - Socio-Historical Examination of Religion and Ministry 1 (1):51-74.detailsSince the publication of Kenneth Howard’s 2017 article, “The Religion Singularity: A Demographic Crisis Destabilizing and Transforming Institutional Christianity,” there has been an increasing demand to understand the root causes and historical foundations for why institutional Christianity is in a state of de-institutionalization. In response to Howard’s research, a number of authors have sought to provide a contextual explanation for why the religion singularity is currently happening, including studies in epistemology, church history, psychology, anthropology, and church ministry. The purpose of (...) this article is to offer a brief survey and response to these interactions with Howard’s research, identifying the overall implications of each researcher’s perspective for understanding the religion singularity phenomenon. It explores factors relating to denominational switching in Jeshua Branch’s research, social memory in John Lingelbach’s essay, religious politics in Kevin Seybold’s survey, scientific reductionism in Jack David Eller’s position paper, and institutional moral failure in Brian McLaren’s article. (shrink) Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  31. added 2020-05-02 The Middle Way Versus Extremism.Alistair J. Sinclair - manuscriptdetailsExtremism is a perennial problem in our civilisation. It has constantly impeded our progress by leading to unnecessary wars, conflicts, enmity and hatred. Understanding the middle way between these two extremes helps us to clarify what extremism is and how it arises. Such an understanding can be made part of the education system so that children are taught from an early age to detect extremist tendencies in their own thinking and to control them for their own good and the good (...) of society. This paper extends the views expressed in my book, The Promise of Dualism (Almostic Publications) and other papers on the subject of extremism. It is focused on the following table which shows how the middle way stands between the extremes of too much power and too much belief. After the introduction, the rest of this paper explicates this table’s contents in considerable detail – line by line and word by word – in explanatory notes. (shrink) Philosophy, General Works Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)   Export citation   Bookmark  
  32. added 2020-04-30 The Relationship Between GHRM Practices and Organizational Performance "Case Study: Gaza University".Ibraheem A. M. Aburahma, Youssef M. Abu Amuna & Abedallh M. Aqel - 2020 - International Journal of Academic Management Science Research (IJAMSR) 4 (4):1-8.detailsThis study aimed to identify the relationship between green human resource management practices and organizational performance. The case study conducted on Gaza University employees in Palestine. The sample of the study was complete census (100) employees using questionnaire as a main tool for primary data collection. Descriptive and quantitative approach used in this article. The general results of the study showed that there is a statistically significant relationship between GHRM practices and organizational performance. According to static analysis, there is no (...) clear vision about the selection steps at Gaza University that take away the environmental considerations of the job vacancy, as well as the steps in training employees a do not depend on the environmental dimension. The study recommended serious and continuous work to increase environmental awareness and the need to encourage the University for more GHRM practices using encouraging compensation plans and incentives develop and sustain environmental achievements. Also the study recommended that environmental performance evaluation must be within the job evaluation, the necessity of incorporating environmental management goals into the university performance evaluation model, and formulating green goals and objectives. (shrink) Philosophy in Schools in Teaching Philosophy Philosophy, General Works Philosophy, Miscellaneous Teaching Philosophy, Misc in Teaching Philosophy Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)   Export citation   Bookmark  
  33. added 2020-04-29 Setting Limits to Practical Reflection: Against Philosophy as a Way of Life.Vitor Sommavilla - 2020 - Metaphilosophy 51 (2-3):375-390.detailsAccording to a tradition going back to Socrates, one should thoroughly examine the grounds of one’s judgments before settling on what one has reason to do or believe. According to contemporary metaethical constructivism, assumed in this essay, reflective scrutiny is also central to assessing a judgment’s claim to justification. This essay argues against the injunctions to thoroughly examine oneself and seek ultimate reasons for one’s normative judgments. In other words, the essay argues against the ideal of the philosophical way of (...) life. It shows that in most cases one does not have reason to question the practical conclusion of one’s initial deliberation. It is only under very limited conditions, specified in the essay, that one is justified in engaging in further reflection. Furthermore, the essay argues that if one does go for full self-examination, the consequences are most likely to be bad for oneself, given one’s practical interests. (shrink) Metaphilosophy Moral Judgment in Meta-Ethics Philosophy, Miscellaneous Practical Reason in Philosophy of Action Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)   Export citation   Bookmark  
  34. added 2020-04-29 Philosophy for Children in China:: A Late Preliminary Anti-Report.David Kennedy & Walter Kohan - 2002 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 22 (1):37-49.detailsAt the very least, even though Chinese schools do not look very different from those in the West, China offers an opportunity for Philosophy for Children to question its basis, its methodology, its aims. It seems to be expressing a different cultural voice, and to be disposed to the kind of dialogue we are more used to claiming than practicing. Both Kunming and Shanghai provide, in their own ways, formidable contexts: the deep, strong and disciplined educators of Railway Station School (...) of Kunming and the scholarly, sophisticated and committed members of the Shanghai institute for Research in the Human Sciences seem determined to take Philosophy for Children, not just beyond their own limits as Chinese, but beyond the limits Philosophy for Children has already established for itself in the West. Philosophy for Children in China, then, looks like a wonderful opportunity to think ourselves--what we are as educators engaged in the practice of philosophy--again. An invitation to think ourselves again. Is this not what dialogue and philosophy are about? It’s up to us to accept the invitation. (shrink) Philosophy for Children: Community of Inquiry in Teaching Philosophy Philosophy for Children: Introductions in Teaching Philosophy Philosophy in Schools in Teaching Philosophy Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  35. added 2020-04-24 “Soames, Legislative Intent, and the Meaning of a Statute,”.Barbara Baum Levenbook - 2014 - In Graham Hubbs and Douglas Lind (ed.), Pragmatism, Law, and Language, Routledge Studies in Contemporary Philosophy vol. 11. Routledge. pp. 40-55.detailsLaw and Language in Philosophy of Law Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Export citation   Bookmark  
  36. added 2020-04-24 How a Statute Applies.Barbara Baum Levenbook - 2006 - Legal Theory 12 (1):71-112.detailsThis essay presents a new theory of statutory application that is superior to two competitors. One of the competitors claims that statutory directives apply to act-tokens fitting the legislature's intention. The other holds that statutes apply to act-tokens that are of the genuine kinds named by the classifying words. These theories solve certain problems badly or not at all, respectively: (1) accounting for the capacity of statutes for epistemic guidance; and (2) avoiding literalism. Both do a limited job of accounting (...) for the rationality of statutory promulgation. The theory developed here, social salience theory, does better on all counts. According to social salience theory, the default position is that statutes apply to act-tokens that are socially salient, given the linguistic and social contexts. The departure from that position is also social, produced by conventions to defer to experts on the statute's applications to particular cases. (shrink) Legal Reasoning and Adjudication, Misc in Philosophy of Law Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)   Export citation   Bookmark  
  37. added 2020-04-23 Religion and Science in the Thougt of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin.Konrad Waloszczyk - 2016 - Filozofia i Nauka 4:81-94.detailsKey terms: cosmogenesis, evolution, consciousness, noosphere, religion, science, technology. The question whether religion and science can be reconciled is still under discussion today. Philosophical naturalism rejects such a possibility, at best treating these fields as a non overlapping magisteria (Stephen Jay Gould). However, the French Jesuit Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881 - 1955) has created an original vision of an evolutionary universe in which science and religion present themselves as two meridians, which are autonomous but slowly converge to form a (...) complete union at the pole, that is, in the far future. What are the ontological foundations of this optimistic vision? Can the collective heritage of human thought be considered as a further stage of the universal evolution? Is the main task of religion to activate human energy? Is the concept of cosmic Christ compatible with Christian dogmas? Such and similar questions are the content of the article. My aim in this paper is not so much a detailed analysis of Teilhard’s thought as a review of some of his main theses, especially regarding science and religion. I also devote some space to a critique of these theses, and in the closing part I ask if they are in any way falsifiable. (shrink) Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  38. added 2020-04-22 Being Human: Groundwork for a Theological Anthropology for the Twenty-First Century.David Kirchhoffer, Robyn Horner & Patrick McArdle (eds.) - 2013 - Preston: Mosaic Press.detailsWhat does it mean to be human? The traditional answers from the past remain only theoretical possibilities unless they come to mean something to today's generation. Moreover, in light of new knowledge and circumstances, a new generation may call these old answers into question, and seek to reinterpret, or, indeed, provide alternatives to them. In the 1960's, the Catholic Church's Second Vatican Council attempted such a reinterpretation, an aggiornamento, for the post-war generation of the mid-twentieth century by proposing, in Gaudium (...) et Spes, a theological anthropology founded upon the ideas of human dignity and the common good. Fifty years later is an appropriate time to revisit those answers, and to seek again to reinterpret or provide alternatives to them, in light of new knowledge for a new generation. Taking the themes of Gaudium et Spes as its starting point, this book looks at developments in theology and philosophy in the latter half of the twentieth century that call some of these 'old' answers into question. It identifies some of the 'new knowledge and circumstances' that need to be taken into account for this generation's answer to the question of what it means to be human. In five parts, leading philosophers and theologians ¥ offer interpretive lenses for reading the theological anthropology of the twentieth century; ¥ address the challenges of anthropocentricism, alterity, incarnation, and postmodernity for the notion of the human subject; ¥ tackle the important moral concepts of conscience, responsibility, evil and guilt; ¥ investigate the claims of atheism, fundamentalism, scientific naturalism, nihilism, and pluralism; and ¥ consider questions of the relationship between the individual and the community in the modern secular state. In so doing, this book prepares the ground for the development of a theological anthropology for the twenty-first century. (shrink) Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Export citation   Bookmark  
  39. added 2020-04-21 Feyerabend’s Philosophy of Science and its Implications for National Development in Africa.Chris O. Akpan - 2005 - Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research (JICPR) (4):45-55.detailsThe thesis of this article is that Feyerabend’s philosophy of science, hinged on his pillar of ‘anarchism’ and ‘anything goes’ can serve as a challenge for scientific and technological development in Africa. Africa has been largely tagged as ‘underdeveloped’ because she has failed to chart her own course of scientific development, and has somewhat felt satisfied playing the dependent role. This work agrees with Feyerabend’s thesis that knowledge (scientific) is a local commodity designed to solve local problems. Using the textual (...) and contextual methods we contend that every culture, certainly including Africa, can harness her own indigenous scientific categories and develop from her own local perspective. We reason with Feyerabend that Western science is not sacrosanct, nor its method of rationality the only path toward development. The work reveals that Feyerabend’s views, though challenging and somewhat intriguing, are very congenial to our African experience. Thus we conclude by adumbrating some positive implications that his views have for the Africans, especially towards scientific and even technological development. (shrink) Philosophy of Science, Miscellaneous in Philosophy of Science, Misc Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  40. added 2020-04-18 The Weight of Love: Augustine on Desire and the Limits of Autonomy.Paul Camacho - 2016 - Dissertation, KU LeuvendetailsAugustine developed one of the most profound and influential accounts of love ever offered. Led this way and that by the desires of his famously restless heart, Augustine came to view the experience of desiring as indicating a profound excess to the self. His theory of love has enduring philosophical relevance, not least because it disrupts our prevalent notion of freedom as self-determination. In contrast to our own dominant ethics of autonomy, Augustine argues that true freedom depends upon what exceeds (...) self- willing: we only become free when we are able to acknowledge our finitude, and thereby learn to love others rightly. This dissertation traces the development in Augustine’s thinking concerning the relationship between love and freedom across two pivotal texts: the De libero arbitrio and the Confessiones. I argue that what emerges in Augustine’s thought is the startling realization that genuine freedom is constituted by submission to a good beyond our anticipation, i.e., a good encountered in the experience of love. As Augustine came to see, the human person is ecstatically self-surpassing, drawn dynamically to the good through affect and rationality. Given this philosophical anthropology, the primary concern of the ethical life has less to do with autonomous willing, and more to do with properly nurturing and attuning our desire through a purifying attention. In other words, as Augustine shows us, the aim of the moral life is to allow our self-exceeding loves— viii and the good at which they aim—to form and reform the self. The following project aims to rehabilitate an Augustinian account of freedom by arguing for a renewed appreciation of the goodness of being, and for a recovery of the notion of loving-desire that constitutes our fundamental way of relating to this good. Given the fundamentally ecstatic nature of the human person revealed in love, freedom cannot be conceived purely as self-determination; as Augustine argues, we are made free by a transcendent source of our being. There is, ultimately, a deeper source of freedom than autonomous choosing: we are given our freedom in the gift of our being, and we discover this freedom by learning to love rightly. (shrink) Hellenistic and Later Ancient Philosophy, Misc in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy Persons, Misc in Metaphysics Philosophy of Love, Misc in Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  41. added 2020-04-16 Turtles All The Way Down?: Pressing Questions for Theological Anthropology in the Twenty-First Century.David G. Kirchhoffer - 2014 - In Lieven Boeve, Yves De Maeseneer & Ellen Van Stiche (eds.), Questioning the Human: Toward a Theological Anthropology for the Twenty-First Century. New York:detailsWith a challenging title, based on an anecdote about a dialogue between a scientist/philosopher and a lady on the structure of the universe, David Kirchhoffer proposes that the insight that human beings are the world (rather than merely live in the world) should be our starting point for reflections on theological anthropology. Relationality thus being the key-word for an up-to-date theological anthropology, this chapter discusses the main challenges that such an anthropology faces: first, anthropocentrism (challenged by the ecological crises, the (...) debate on who counts as a person and technology); second, historicity (as introduced by social-constructivism and as taken more seriously in the Christian tradition in recent decades); third, vulnerability (as a morally neutral consequence of our interdependency); and finally, language (as a means to engage with diverse discourses ranging from art through to philosophy,business and cognitive neuropsychology). More than claiming to know the solutions for these different challenges, Kirchhoffer rather encourages theologians to further reflect on them and the way they are discussed in theological and other discourses with a necessary (self-)critical epistemological suspicion. For only in this way will we arrive at a relevant theological discourse on what human beings are, and be a legitimate dialogue partner for other discourses. (shrink) Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)   Export citation   Bookmark  
  42. added 2020-04-15 Bodies and Publics in Two Discourses.Monika Kirloskar-Steinbach - 2020 - On Education 3 (7).detailsThe recent call for a conceptual and intellectual decolonization in the humanities critiques the conventional, all-white, largely male philosophical canon. Its critique is directed at the centering of the experiences of this specific group in global knowledge transmission practices. Its proponents focus on the canon’s implicit claim, namely that only one social group is able to think thoroughly and accurately about all problems of philosophical significance across varying spatiotemporal contexts. In this short article, I will use two different debates to (...) make some aspects of this call more meaningful: the US-American discourse in academic philosophy on deracializing the knowing subject and the post-Holocaust German understanding of public intellectual spaces (sections 2 and 3 respectively). (shrink) Critical Theory, Misc in Continental Philosophy Philosophy, Miscellaneous Theodor W. Adorno in Continental Philosophy Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)   Export citation   Bookmark  
  43. added 2020-04-14 Cinéthique.Hugo Clémot - 2018 - Paris, France: Vrin.detailsThe moral importance of films to viewers is a dimension of the cinematic experience that has long been neglected. By describing the moral education powers of film, this book aims to encourage philosophers to practice the ethical reading of film works. This exercise helps to make intelligible important features of our lives, which academic forms of discourse tend to overlook. Taking our experience of films seriously should even reorient our conception of the tasks of ethics and the ways of doing (...) philosophy. Hugo Clémot thus intends to contribute to a conversation whose interlocutors are Ludwig Wittgenstein, Stanley Cavell, William Rothman, Victor Perkins, Cora Diamond, Andrew Klevan and Sandra Laugier. Because it allows us to understand films such as "The Awful Truth", "Bringing Up Baby", "The Aviator's Wife", "The Green Ray", "Winter Tale", "Spring Tale", "Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind", "Detachment" or "Happy-Go-Lucky" and directors such as Leo McCarey in a different way, Howard Hawks, Alfred Hitchcock, Éric Rohmer, Terrence Malick or Arnaud Desplechin, this tradition also concerns researchers in film studies, since the value of an aesthetic research is a function of its capacity to enrich the experience of singular works. (shrink) Film and Morality in Aesthetics Philosophy Through Film in Aesthetics Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  44. added 2020-04-13 Omniscience, Freedom, and Mystery.Damiano Migliorini - 2018 - Nuovo Giornale di Filosofia Della Religione 8 (2).detailsThe text published below is the translation of a part of this published article: "Il Dio che rischia e che cambia: introduzione all’Open Theism". The issue of omniscience is one of the most debated in contemporary Analytical Philosophy of Religion. However, what is often lacking in this discussion is a deep understanding of the dilemma of omniscience and human freedom within a complete epistemological (what can we really say about the divine and the world), metaphysical and theological framework. For example, (...) it is often forgotten to frame some issues within a clear definition of the notion of mystery. (shrink) Arguments for Theism, Misc in Philosophy of Religion Divine Immutability in Philosophy of Religion European Philosophy, Miscellaneous in European Philosophy Philosophy, Miscellaneous Theories of Omniscience in Philosophy of Religion Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark  
  45. added 2020-04-07 Parental Responsibilities and Moral Status.Bruce P. Blackshaw & Daniel Rodger - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1:1-2.detailsPrabhpal Singh has recently defended a relational account of the difference in moral status between fetuses and newborns as a way of explaining why abortion is permissible and infanticide is not. He claims that only a newborn can stand in a parent–child relation, not a fetus, and this relation has a moral dimension that bestows moral value. We challenge Singh’s reasoning, arguing that the case he presents is unconvincing. We suggest that the parent–child relation is better understood as an extension (...) of an existing relationship formed during the gestational period. The change in this relation at birth is not sufficient to justify the radical change in moral status required to rule out infanticide while accepting the permissibility of abortion. Given that the moral status of orphans is also problematic under Singh’s account, we conclude that Singh has not shown that a newborn has greater moral worth than a fetus. (shrink) Abortion in Applied Ethics Birth in Metaphysics Infanticide in Applied Ethics Medical Ethics in Applied Ethics Parental Duties in Applied Ethics Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Export citation   Bookmark   1 citation  
  46. added 2020-04-06 Ontem morri.Filipe Calhau (ed.) - 2019 - Lisbon: Chiado Publishers.detailsA philosophical essay on the great questions of humanity. So spoke a deceased. Happiness in Normative Ethics Philosophy of Consciousness, Misc in Philosophy of Mind Philosophy, General Works Philosophy, Miscellaneous The Concept of Consciousness in Philosophy of Mind Remove from this list   Direct download   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  47. added 2020-04-04 Illegal Mining and Sustainability Performance: Evidence From Ashanti Region, Ghana.Thomas Nti - 2020 - International Journal of Scientific Research and Management (IJSRM) 8 (3).detailsThe As illegal mining in Ghana has become increasingly rampant ever, this study aimed at examining the effect of illegal mining on the dimensions of sustainability performance among crop farmers and the challenges they face because of illegal mining in the Ashanti Region, Ghana. To investigate the intriguing connections among illegal mining and sustainability performance among crop farmers, this paper draws on multidisciplinary literature and collects empirical data from 250 respondents in the Atwima Nwabiagya and Atwima Mponua Districts, Ghana to (...) test the proposed model and hypotheses using structural equation modeling. All three (3) elements or paradigms of sustainability performance were negatively affected by illegal mining activities. It was also observed that a significant positive relationship exists among all the elements of sustainability performance hence a consequence on one element may affect the other. Unlike most research on illegal mining that has been theoretical, this study represents one of the few empirical analyses of how illegal mining may affect sustainability performance. (shrink) Other Academic Areas, Misc Philosophy, General Works Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  48. added 2020-04-02 X and the Politics of y, for Some X and Y.Mark Ressler - manuscriptdetailsInauthenticity can be understood as following the herd, in line with a metaphor from Nietzsche. The idea of inauthentic philosophy is explored in an analysis of the titles of articles in philosophy journals, particularly those following the general pattern of 'x and the Politics of y'. Philosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)   Export citation   Bookmark  
  49. added 2020-03-31 Ricardo Braun. El problema mente-cuerpo, un enfoque neurofisiológico. [REVIEW]Víctor Samuel Rivera - 1991 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 3 (1):163-167.detailsPhilosophy, Miscellaneous Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)   Translate   Export citation   Bookmark  
  50. added 2020-03-28 Speaking of Fake News: Definitions and Dimensions.Romy Jaster & David Lanius - forthcoming - In The Epistemology of Fake News. Oxford University Press.detailsThere has been much discussion about what fake news is and what to do about it. But it is not clear what fake news is. This paper shows why a definition is needed and what a suitable definition of “fake news” might look like. We begin by introducing our definition of “fake news” (§2) and employ it to set fake news apart from related phenomena (§3). We then extract seven potential dimensions of the concept of fake news from the literature (...) (§4). We then discuss the definitions by Rini, Gelfert, Dentith, Mukerji, and Zimmermann & Kohring, show up their merits and debits and put them in relation to ours (§5). So although we take our definition as the starting point and argue for it on the side-lines, our primary aims are (i) to enable a systematic evaluation of prevalent definitions with respect to their extensional scope, practical utility, and conceptual transparency, (ii) to demonstrate that there is more widespread agreement than one would think on the outset, and (iii) to show (in §6) that defining “fake news” is not only far from futile, but of vital importance to confront the epistemic threats posed by fake news. (shrink) Philosophy, Miscellaneous Social Epistemology, Misc in Epistemology Remove from this list   Export citation   Bookmark  
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