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Categories and Editors - PhilPapers

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Categories and Editors

Welcome to the PhilPapers Bibliography, the most comprehensive bibliography of philosophy. The bibliography currently counts 5618 categories managed by 817 volunteer editors. Scroll for a complete listing of categories and editors.

General Editors David Bourget (University of Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (Australian National University; New York University)

Assistant General Editor: Steve Pearce (UWO)

Areas and Area Editors Metaphysics and EpistemologyEpistemology (Matthew McGrath)
Metaphilosophy (Jonathan Ichikawa)
Metaphysics (Jonathan Schaffer)
Philosophy of Action (Constantine Sandis)
Philosophy of Language (Berit Brogaard)
Philosophy of Mind (David Chalmers, David Bourget)
Philosophy of Religion (Thomas Senor) Value Theory (Daniel Star)Aesthetics (Rafael De Clercq)
Applied Ethics (Ezio Di Nucci)
Meta-Ethics (Daniel Star)
Normative Ethics (Jussi Suikkanen)
Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality (Lynne Tirrell)
Philosophy of Law (Aness Webster)
Social and Political Philosophy
Value Theory, Miscellaneous (Gwen Bradford) Science, Logic, and MathematicsLogic and Philosophy of Logic (Aleksandra Samonek)
Philosophy of Biology (Manolo Martínez)
Philosophy of Cognitive Science
Philosophy of Computing and Information (Giuseppe Primiero)
Philosophy of Mathematics (Øystein Linnebo)
Philosophy of Physical Science (Hans Halvorson)
Philosophy of Social Science (Michiru Nagatsu)
Philosophy of Probability (Darrell P. Rowbottom)
General Philosophy of Science (Howard Sankey)
Philosophy of Science, Misc History of Western PhilosophyAncient Greek and Roman Philosophy (Robin Smith)
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy (Margaret Cameron)
17th/18th Century Philosophy (Brandon Look)
19th Century Philosophy (Michelle Kosch)
20th Century Philosophy (Jack Alan Reynolds, James Chase) Philosophical TraditionsAfrican/Africana Philosophy (Barry Hallen)
Asian Philosophy (JeeLoo Liu)
Continental Philosophy (Paul Livingston)
European Philosophy
Philosophy of the Americas (Susana Nuccetelli)
Philosophical Traditions, Miscellaneous Philosophy, MiscTeaching Philosophy All categories and editors Visit a category to apply for an editorship.
Categories marked with a * are links to categories in other areas.
Metaphysics and Epistemology (367,109) Epistemology (39,700)Matthew McGrath Epistemological Sources (3,729 | 180)Joachim Horvath The A Priori (893 | 305)Joachim Horvath Apriority and Necessity (152) Apriority in Mathematics* (67)Alexander C. R. Oldemeier Conceptual Analysis* (382)Joachim Horvath Modal Rationalism* (70)Anand Vaidya Moral Rationalism* (116)Christopher Michael Cloos Rationalism* (162 | 120)Magdalena Balcerak Jackson The A Priori, Misc (144)Joachim Horvath The Synthetic A Priori (124)Michael Shaffer Theories of the A Priori (168)Joachim Horvath Intuition (609 | 131)Sebastian Sunday Grève Epistemology of Intuition (280)Sebastian Sunday Grève Intuition, Misc (78)Sebastian Sunday Grève Linguistic Intuitions* (75)Gareth Fitzgerald Mathematical Intuition* (128)Alexander C. R. Oldemeier Modal Intuition* (37)Anand Vaidya Moral Intuition* (68) Moral Intuitionism* (298)Christopher Michael Cloos The Nature of Intuition (120)Sebastian Sunday Grève Memory* (5,575 | 1,230)John Sutton Perceptual Knowledge* (1,401 | 123)Susanna Schellenberg Reasoning (1,885 | 397)Joshua Schechter Argument (633)Steven W. Patterson Critical Thinking (156)Steven W. Patterson Deductive Reasoning (200)Joshua Schechter Fallacies (131)Steven W. Patterson Induction* (1,588 | 428)Guy Axtell Inference (172) Inference to the Best Explanation* (199 | 90)Brad Weslake The Nature of Reasoning (119) Rhetoric* (0) Reasoning, Misc (77) Self-Knowledge* (1,354 | 372) Seemings (60) Testimony* (1,012 | 98)Peter Graham Epistemological Sources, Misc (103) Epistemological States and Properties (6,992 | 1,271) Belief* (1,632 | 865)Rima Basu The Basing Relation (89)Silvia De Toffoli Defeat (159)Matthew A. Benton Entitlement (95)Leon Leontyev Epistemic Possibility (101)Jens Christian Bjerring Epistemic Luck (186)J. Adam Carter Evidence (666 | 46)Christopher Michael Cloos Evidence and Knowledge (406)Christopher Michael Cloos Evidentialism* (271)Trent Dougherty Perceptual Evidence* (93)Susanna Schellenberg The Problem of Old Evidence* (36) Underdetermination of Theory by Data* (338)Margaret Greta Turnbull Evidence, Misc (214)Christopher Michael Cloos Ignorance (174)Christopher Michael Cloos Inquiry (78)Joshua Habgood-Coote Justification (1,045 | 597) Coherentism* (245 | 162)Ted Poston Dogmatism* (419 | 148) Epistemic Internalism and Externalism* (478)B. J. C. Madison Epistemic Regress (161) Evidentialism* (271)Trent Dougherty Foundationalism* (474 | 183) Infinitism* (103)Kurt Sylvan Justification, Misc (179) Moral Justification* (209)Christopher Michael Cloos Perceptual Justification* (415)Susanna Siegel Propositional and Doxastic Justification (103)Silvia De Toffoli Reliabilism about Justification* (146)Luis R. G. Oliveira Knowledge* (4,153 | 482)Clayton M Littlejohn and Clayton Littlejohn Rationality (2,153 | 1,661) Delusions* (450) Irrationality (71) Moral Rationality* (260) Rational Requirements (290)Jonathan Way Rationality, Misc (131) Rationality and Cognitive Science* (458) Reasons and Rationality* (579)Errol Lord Reasons* (2,469 | 304)Errol Lord Subjectivity and Objectivity (18 | 1) Objectivity and Value in Social Science* (133) Moral Objectivity* (88) Objectivity Of Mathematics* (55)Daniel Waxman Subjectivity and Consciousness* (239)David Chalmers Subjectivity and Objectivity, Misc (5) Intersubjectivity (6) Epistemic Objectivity (6) Thought and Thinking* (222 | 73) Understanding (348)Stephen Grimm Warrant (164 | 66) Transmission of Warrant (74)Martin Smith Warrant, Misc (24) Wisdom (373)Stephen Grimm Epistemological States and Properties, Misc (72) Epistemological Theories (5,413 | 233) Coherentism (245 | 162)Ted Poston Epistemic Regress (161) Coherentism, Misc (83)Ted Poston Foundationalism and Coherentism* (136) Dogmatism (419 | 148) Dogmatism, Misc (59) Dogmatism about Perception* (81)Susanna Siegel Dogmatist and Moorean Replies to Skepticism (212)Yuval Avnur Epistemic Constructivism (65) Epistemic Contextualism (894 | 118)Jonathan Ichikawa Contextualist Replies to Skepticism (196)Jonathan Ichikawa Epistemic Contextualism and Invariantism (288)Alexander Dinges Epistemic Contextualism and Relativism (117) Epistemic Contextualism, Misc (110) Epistemic Contrastivism (65) Epistemic Fallibilism (98)Silvia De Toffoli Epistemic Internalism and Externalism (478)B. J. C. Madison Epistemic Relativism (447 | 12)Markus Seidel Epistemic Contextualism and Relativism (117) Epistemic Relativism, Misc (435)Markus Seidel Empiricism* (268 | 208) Evidentialism (271)Trent Dougherty Evolutionary Epistemology* (303) Foundationalism (474 | 183) Foundationalism and Coherentism* (136) Foundationalism, Misc (155) Epistemic Regress (161) Sense-Datum Theories* (411)Benj Hellie The Basing Relation* (89)Silvia De Toffoli The Given* (172)Benj Hellie Infinitism (103)Kurt Sylvan Pragmatic and Moral Encroachment (259)Brian Kim Rationalism* (162 | 120)Magdalena Balcerak Jackson Reliabilism (508 | 161)Luis R. G. Oliveira Reliabilism about Knowledge (113)Luis R. G. Oliveira Reliabilism about Justification* (146)Luis R. G. Oliveira Reliabilism, Misc (43)Luis R. G. Oliveira The Problem of Easy Knowledge* (47) The Generality Problem for Reliabilism (45)Samuel Kampa Virtue Epistemology (699)Ian M. Church Epistemological Theories, Misc (220) Epistemology of Specific Domains (709 | 484)Ted Poston Aesthetic Knowledge* (112) Epistemology of Mathematics* (1,108 | 199)Alan Baker Epistemology of Logic* (160)Joshua Schechter Epistemology of Philosophy* (354 | 30)Jonathan Ichikawa Epistemology of Religion* (5,822 | 824)Matthew A. Benton Epistemology of Specific Domains, Misc (225) Evidence and Proof in Law* (163)Martin Smith Knowledge of Consciousness* (168) Knowledge of Language* (621 | 604)Guy Longworth Modal Epistemology* (630 | 5)Anand Vaidya Moral Epistemology* (1,883 | 49)Christopher Michael Cloos Political Epistemology* (100)Michael Hannon The Problem of Other Minds* (504 | 204) Self-Knowledge* (1,354 | 372) Epistemology, Miscellaneous (3,724 | 221) Epistemic Injustice (331)Krista Hyde Epistemic Luck (186)J. Adam Carter Epistemic Paradoxes (373 | 287) Paradox of Confirmation* (92) Knowability* (224)Joe Salerno Epistemic Paradoxes, Misc (76) Paradox of the Knower (10) Epistemic Possibility (101)Jens Christian Bjerring Epistemologies of Ignorance* (98)Nora Berenstain Feminist Epistemology (688)Gaile Pohlhaus Evolutionary Epistemology* (303) Metaepistemology (226)Joachim Horvath Naturalized Epistemology (455)Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij Epistemology, General Works (273) Epistemology, Misc (854) Epistemic Normativity (2,676 | 152)Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen Doxastic Voluntarism (247)Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen Epistemic Normativity, Misc (396)Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen Epistemic Norms (528)Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen Epistemic Responsibility (187)Christopher Michael Cloos Epistemic Value (382)Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen Epistemic Virtues (338)Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen Theoretical Virtues* (674 | 145)Guy Axtell Ethics of Belief (446)Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen Norms of Assertion* (342)Matthew A. Benton Formal Epistemology (2,599 | 910) Belief Revision (306 | 100) Nonmonotonic Logic* (111) AGM Belief Revision Theory (69) Ranking Functions (41) Belief Revision, Misc (96) Causal Reasoning (871)Alexander Gebharter Causal Modeling (313)Alexander Gebharter Causal Reasoning, Misc (558)Alexander Gebharter Scientific Method* (4,401 | 1,569)Darrell P. Rowbottom Epistemic Logic* (1,152 | 416)Mark Jago Formal Social Epistemology (246 | 137) Common Knowledge (18) Formal Social Epistemology, Misc (91) Judgment Aggregation* (185) Epistemology of Disagreement* (525)Bryan Frances Formal Epistemology, Misc (266) Probabilistic Reasoning* (4,782 | 88) Knowledge (4,153 | 482)Clayton M Littlejohn and Clayton Littlejohn Defining Knowledge (645 | 141) Defining Knowledge, Misc (142) Knowledge as a Natural Kind (28) Primitivism about Knowledge* (90)Matthew A. Benton The Concept of Knowledge (117) The Gettier Problem (217)Ian M. Church Varieties of Knowledge (1,246 | 754) Knowledge by Acquaintance (71) Knowledge How (287)John Bengson Knowledge-Wh (76)T. Parent Varieties of Knowledge, Misc (58) Theories of Knowledge (465 | 127) Epistemic Contextualism* (894 | 118)Jonathan Ichikawa Causal Theory of Knowledge (34) Defeasibility Theory of Knowledge (30) Epistemic Relativism* (447 | 12)Markus Seidel Knowledge as a Natural Kind (28) Primitivism about Knowledge* (90)Matthew A. Benton Reliabilism about Knowledge (113)Luis R. G. Oliveira Theories of Knowledge, Misc (184) Principles of Knowledge (994 | 62)Julien Dutant Closure of Knowledge (258)Julien Dutant Infallibility (45)Julien Dutant Knowability* (224)Joe Salerno The KK Principle (62)Julien Dutant Luminosity (70)Julien Dutant Safety and Sensitivity (219)Julien Dutant Principles of Knowledge, Misc (55)Julien Dutant Knowledge, Miscellaneous (321 | 55) Knowledge, Misc (219) The Problem of Easy Knowledge* (47) Skepticism (4,078 | 84)Everett Fulmer Varieties of Skepticism (1,402 | 2)Everett Fulmer Simulation Hypothesis* (59)Jonathan Simon Brains in Vats (153)Tim Button Cartesian Skepticism (322)Christopher Ranalli Dreams and Skepticism (90) Inductive Skepticism* (475) Metaphilosophical Skepticism* (185) Modal Skepticism* (64)Anand Vaidya Moral Skepticism* (375)Christopher Michael Cloos Perception and Skepticism* (221)Susanna Schellenberg Pyrrhonian Skepticism (289)Diego E. Machuca Religious Skepticism* (374)Arif Ahmed Varieties of Skepticism, Misc (546) Replies to Skepticism (1,096 | 15)Everett Fulmer Contextualist Replies to Skepticism (196)Jonathan Ichikawa Abductive Replies to Skepticism (42) Dogmatist and Moorean Replies to Skepticism (212)Yuval Avnur Content Externalist Replies to Skepticism (115) Fallibilist Replies to Skepticism (63) Relevant Alternative Replies to Skepticism (62) Transcendental Replies to Skepticism (142) Pragmatic Replies to Skepticism (74) Ordinary Language Replies to Skepticism (133) Replies to Skepticism, Misc (450) History: Skepticism (887)Everett Fulmer Skepticism, Misc (610)Everett Fulmer Social Epistemology (5,414 | 2,252) Epistemic Relativism (447 | 12)Markus Seidel Epistemic Contextualism and Relativism (117) Epistemic Relativism, Misc (435)Markus Seidel Collective Mentality* (193 | 24)Bryce Huebner Collective Epistemology (277) Extended Epistemology* (49) Feminist Epistemology (688)Gaile Pohlhaus Formal Social Epistemology (246 | 137) Common Knowledge (18) Formal Social Epistemology, Misc (91) Judgment Aggregation* (185) Epistemology of Disagreement* (525)Bryan Frances Social Choice Theory* (605 | 218) Social Epistemology, Misc (876) Trust* (781)Edward Hinchman Sociology of Knowledge (266)Markus Seidel Sociology of Science* (2,655)Markus Seidel Judgment Aggregation* (185) Testimony* (1,012 | 98)Peter Graham Disagreement (731 | 96) Disagreement in Philosophy* (141)Zach Barnett Verbal Disputes (30) Ontological Disagreement* (72)Nurbay Irmak Moral Disagreement* (215)Christopher Michael Cloos Epistemology of Disagreement* (525)Bryan Frances Disagreement, Misc (80) Argument* (633)Steven W. Patterson Metaphilosophy (6,779)Jonathan Ichikawa Epistemology of Philosophy (354 | 30)Jonathan Ichikawa Epistemology of Philosophy, Misc (139) Metaphilosophical Skepticism (185) Modal Epistemology* (630 | 5)Anand Vaidya Philosophical Methods* (1,784 | 154)Joachim Horvath Metaphilosophical Views (1,902 | 652) Empiricism* (268 | 208) Naturalism (345 | 271) Moral Naturalism and Non-Naturalism* (1,060 | 41)Cristian Constantinescu Arguments from Naturalism against Theism* (44) Normativity and Naturalism* (135)Federico L. G. Faroldi Naturalism and Intentionality* (125) Naturalism in Economics* (32) Naturalism in Jurisprudence* (11) Mathematical Naturalism* (59) Metaphysical Naturalism* (160) Naturalism, Misc (74) Pragmatism (351 | 269) Pragmatism, Misc (82) Pragmatism about Truth* (121)Patrick Greenough Feminist Pragmatism* (188) American Pragmatism* (3,143 | 2,707) Rationalism* (162 | 120)Magdalena Balcerak Jackson Metaphilosophical Views, Misc (124) Philosophical Methods (1,784 | 154)Joachim Horvath Argument* (633)Steven W. Patterson Conceptual Analysis (382)Joachim Horvath Conceptual Engineering (124)Steffen Koch Computational Philosophy (50) Experimental Philosophy* (1,726 | 1)James Andow Formal Philosophy (25) Genealogical Method (55 | 2)Matthieu Queloz Genealogical Debunking (3) Debunking Arguments about Metaphysics* (73)Jonathan Barker Debunking Arguments about Mathematics* (2) Debunking Arguments about Morality* (15) Genealogical Debunking, Misc (2) Debunking Arguments about Religion (1) Genealogical Justification (11)Matthieu Queloz Historical Genealogy (26)Matthieu Queloz Fictional Genealogy (13)Matthieu Queloz Intuition (609 | 131)Sebastian Sunday Grève Epistemology of Intuition (280)Sebastian Sunday Grève Intuition, Misc (78)Sebastian Sunday Grève Linguistic Intuitions* (75)Gareth Fitzgerald Mathematical Intuition* (128)Alexander C. R. Oldemeier Modal Intuition* (37)Anand Vaidya Moral Intuition* (68) Moral Intuitionism* (298)Christopher Michael Cloos The Nature of Intuition (120)Sebastian Sunday Grève Methodology in Metaphysics* (390)Frederique Janssen-Lauret Linguistic Analysis in Philosophy (93) Philosophical Methods, Misc (316) Rhetoric (0) Thought Experiments (482)Magdalena Balcerak Jackson Transcendental Arguments (102) Experimental Philosophy (1,726 | 1)James Andow Experimental Aesthetics (22)Florian Cova Experimental Philosophy of Action (281 | 15)Jonathan Phillips Experimental Philosophy: Free Will (107)Jonathan Phillips Experimental Philosophy: Intentional Action (132)Jonathan Phillips Experimental Philosophy of Action, Misc (27)Jonathan Phillips Experimental Philosophy of Language (162 | 19)Justin Sytsma Experimental Philosophy: Reference (41)Justin Sytsma Experimental Philosophy: Semantics (56)Shen-yi Liao Experimental Philosophy of Language, Misc (46)Justin Sytsma Experimental Philosophy of Mind (149 | 16)Adam Arico Experimental Philosophy: Consciousness (52)Adam Arico Experimental Philosophy of Mind, Misc (81)Adam Arico Experimental Philosophy of Religion (22)Helen De Cruz Experimental Philosophy of Science (13)Michiru Nagatsu Experimental Philosophy: Ethics (368 | 31)Jennifer Zamzow Experimental Philosophy: Folk Morality (214)James Andow Experimental Philosophy: Ethics, Misc (123)James Andow Experimental Philosophy: Epistemology (199 | 4)Jennifer Nado Experimental Philosophy: Contextualism and Invariantism (48)Nat Hansen Experimental Philosophy: Epistemology, Misc (148)David Rose Experimental Philosophy: Metaphysics (124)David Rose Experimental Philosophy: Causation (38)David Rose Experimental Philosophy: Persons (35)Vilius Dranseika Experimental Philosophy: Metaphysics, Misc (51)David Rose Foundations of Experimental Philosophy (230 | 59)John Philip Waterman Critiques of Experimental Philosophy (82)James Andow Foundations of Experimental Philosophy, Misc (89)James Andow Experimental Philosophy, Miscellaneous (158 | 1)James Andow Experimental Philosophy: Crosscultural Research (19)James Andow Animal Test* (4) Experimental Philosophy, Misc (138)James Andow Metaphilosophy, Miscellaneous (879 | 64) Disagreement in Philosophy (141)Zach Barnett Kinds of Philosophy (16) Metaontology* (1,617 | 126)Frederique Janssen-Lauret Metaphilosophy, Misc (166) The Nature of Philosophy (127) The Nature of Analytic Philosophy (87) Philosophical Language (29) Philosophical Progress (62)Lewis D. Ross The Role of Philosophy (83) The Value of Philosophy (51) Traditions in Philosophy (53) Verbal Disputes* (30) Women in Philosophy* (84)Roxanne Marie Kurtz Metaphysics (44,334)Jonathan Schaffer Causation (4,804 | 168)Thomas Blanchard Theories of Causation (1,529 | 379) Causal Eliminativism (15)Matt Farr Causal Realism (55) Causal Reductionism (59) Counterfactual Theories of Causation (309)Francis Longworth Manipulability Theories of Causation (156)Francis Longworth Nomological Theories of Causation (37) Causal Occasionalism (30) Process Theories of Causation (116)Francis Longworth Statistical Theories of Causation (103) Theories of Causation, Misc (270) Varieties of Causation (954 | 292)Sara Bernstein Agent Causation* (256)Shai Roitman The Direction of Causation (97)Sara Bernstein Causal Overdetermination (113)Sara Bernstein Causal Preemption (25)Sara Bernstein Causation by Absences (58)Sara Bernstein Downward Causation (188)Sara Bernstein Mental Causation* (1,420 | 708)Sven Walter Probabilistic Causation (98)Sara Bernstein Singular Causation (39) Supervenient Causation* (50)Jessica Wilson Varieties of Causation, Misc (44)Sara Bernstein Causation, Miscellaneous (909 | 398) Causal Reasoning* (871)Alexander Gebharter Causal Relata (64) Causal Explanation (112)Michael Bertrand Causation in the Law* (78) Causation and Laws (154)Markus Schrenk Explanation* (2,699 | 935)Brad Weslake Humean Supervenience* (63)Billy Wheeler Causation, Misc (181) Chance and Objective Probability* (751 | 231)Toby Handfield Dispositions and Powers (1,244 | 366)Gabriele Contessa Bare Dispositions (19)Gabriele Contessa Dispositional and Categorical Properties (220)Gabriele Contessa Conditional Analyses (70)Matthew Tugby Dispositions and Bases (35)Gabriele Contessa Masked Dispositions (35)Gabriele Contessa Powers (241)Gabriele Contessa Dispositions and Laws (159)Markus Schrenk Dispositions and Powers, Misc (99)Gabriele Contessa Laws of Nature* (1,470 | 4)Markus Schrenk Global Metaphysical Theories (1,762 | 85) Idealism (282)A. P. Taylor Dualism* (837 | 288)Andreas Elpidorou Global Eliminativism* (0) Logical Atomism (65) Monism (102)Kelly Trogdon Metaphysical Naturalism (160) Phenomenalism (102)Michael Pelczar Physicalism (272 | 89)Andreas Elpidorou Formulating Physicalism* (235)Gabriel Rabin Causal Closure of the Physical (125)David Spurrett Nonreductive Materialism* (324)John Donaldson Supervenience and Physicalism* (112)Jessica Wilson Physicalism about the Mind* (1,969 | 749)István Aranyosi Speculative Materialism* (139) Materialist Feminism* (27) Physicalism, Misc (58) Process Philosophy (167) Humean Supervenience (63)Billy Wheeler Relativism (379 | 361) Value Relativism* (14) Relativism about Truth* (275)Jonny McIntosh Ontological Conventionalism and Relativism* (69) Moral Relativism* (303)Nathaniel Sharadin Epistemic Relativism* (447 | 12)Markus Seidel Cultural Relativism* (108) Aesthetic Relativism* (46) Relativism, Misc (18) Global Metaphysical Theories, Misc (86) Interlevel Metaphysics (2,104)Jessica Wilson Conceptual Analysis and A Priori Entailment* (74)David Chalmers Determinates and Determinables* (60)Jessica Wilson Emergence (622 | 449)Patrick McGivern Psychophysical Emergence* (50) Downward Causation (188)Sara Bernstein Emergence, Misc (66)Patrick McGivern Emergence in Physical Science* (111) Emergence in Cognitive Science* (17) Concepts of Emergence (107)Patrick McGivern Emergence in Biology* (78)Laura Franklin-Hall Fundamentality (326)Alexander Skiles Grounding (339)Kelly Trogdon Interlevel Metaphysics, Misc (99)Jessica Wilson Metaphysical Levels (0) Theories of Levels (0) Metaphysical Levels, Misc (0) Levels and Units of Selection* (392 | 196) Levels of Analysis in Cognitive Science* (112) Physicalism (272 | 89)Andreas Elpidorou Formulating Physicalism* (235)Gabriel Rabin Causal Closure of the Physical (125)David Spurrett Nonreductive Materialism* (324)John Donaldson Supervenience and Physicalism* (112)Jessica Wilson Physicalism about the Mind* (1,969 | 749)István Aranyosi Speculative Materialism* (139) Materialist Feminism* (27) Physicalism, Misc (58) Realization (141)Ronald Endicott Determinates and Determinables* (60)Jessica Wilson Multiple Realizability* (283)John Donaldson Realization, Misc (32) Implementing Computations* (127)Corey Maley Functional Realization (64) Mechanistic Realization (0) Subset View of Realization (45) Reduction* (845 | 255) Supervenience (546 | 236)Jessica Wilson Moral Supervenience* (106)Cristian Constantinescu Psychophysical Supervenience* (65)Andreas Elpidorou Supervenience and Physicalism* (112)Jessica Wilson Supervenience, General (148)Jessica Wilson Supervenient Causation* (50)Jessica Wilson Token Identity (31)Jessica Wilson Truthmakers* (606)Jamin Asay Metaontology (1,617 | 126)Frederique Janssen-Lauret Metaontology, Misc (200) Ontological Commitment (234)Henry Laycock Ontological Conventionalism and Relativism (69) Ontological Disagreement (72)Nurbay Irmak Ontological Fictionalism (182) Ontological Pluralism (75)Nurbay Irmak Ontological Realism (196)Penelope Rush Quantification and Ontology* (225)Gregory Lavers Methodology in Metaphysics (390)Frederique Janssen-Lauret Debunking Arguments about Metaphysics (73)Jonathan Barker Modality (3,501 | 238) De Re Modality (589 | 1)Aran Arslan Actualism and Possibilism (157)Christopher Menzel Counterpart Theory (134)Jeremy Garner Haecceitism (74)Sam Cowling Necessitism and Contingentism (70)Peter Fritz Essence and Essentialism* (927 | 1)Kathrin Koslicki and Michael J. Raven and Margaret Cameron De Re Modality, Misc (153)Alessandro Torza Varieties of Modality (800 | 9)Barbara Vetter Epistemic Possibility* (101)Jens Christian Bjerring Conceptual Necessity (33)Barbara Vetter Logical Necessity (139)Barbara Vetter Metaphysical Necessity (339)Tristan Grøtvedt Haze Nomological Necessity (151)Markus Schrenk Varieties of Modality, Misc (129)Barbara Vetter Theories of Modality (319 | 29)Alastair Wilson Modal Combinatorialism (50)Alastair Wilson Modal Conventionalism (46)Alastair Wilson Modal Noncognitivism (21)Alastair Wilson Modal Primitivism (25)Alastair Wilson Modal Realism* (310)Dan Marshall Theories of Modality, Misc (148)Alastair Wilson Modal Epistemology (630 | 5)Anand Vaidya Conceivability, Imagination, and Possibility (213)Anand Vaidya Counterfactuals and Modal Epistemology (81)Anand Vaidya Modal Error (10)Anand Vaidya Modal Intuition* (37)Anand Vaidya Modal Empiricism (48)Anand Vaidya Modal Epistemology, Misc (102)Anand Vaidya Modal Rationalism* (70)Anand Vaidya Modal Skepticism* (64)Anand Vaidya Thought Experiments* (482)Magdalena Balcerak Jackson Possible Worlds (927 | 101)Dan Marshall Actualism and Possibilism (157)Christopher Menzel Modal Ersatizism (76)Dan Marshall Modal Fictionalism (58)Dan Marshall Modal Realism* (310)Dan Marshall Possible World Semantics* (328)Mark Jago Impossible Worlds (154)Barak Krakauer Possible Worlds, Misc (228)Dan Marshall Objects (6,322)Daniel Z. Korman Abstract Objects (580 | 527)Sam Cowling Properties* (3,010 | 122)Gabriele Contessa Ontology of Music* (517 | 321) Fictional Characters* (335)Lee Walters Ontology of Mathematics* (2,294 | 299)Rafal Urbaniak Words* (556)Guy Longworth The Nature of Sets* (238 | 97)Rafal Urbaniak Numbers* (354)Rafal Urbaniak Abstract Objects, Misc (53)Sam Cowling Identity (1,161 | 431)Chad Carmichael Composition as Identity* (110)Einar Duenger Bohn Contingent Identity (67)Jeremy Garner Identity of Indiscernibles (156) Theories of Personal Identity* (1,939 | 874) Relative Identity* (78)A. P. Taylor Vague Identity (145)Eric de Araujo The Necessity of Identity (48) Criteria of Identity (86) Identity, Misc (228) Material Objects (1,584 | 415)Noel Saenz Artifacts (199)Nurbay Irmak Coincident Objects (152)Jonathan Barker Composition as Identity* (110)Einar Duenger Bohn Contingent Identity (67)Jeremy Garner Material Constitution (271) Mereological Universalism* (126) Mereological Nihilism* (145)Virendra Tripathi Monism* (102)Kelly Trogdon Problem of the Many (55) Stuff (142)Henry Laycock Three- and Four-Dimensionalism* (407) Vague Objects (103) Eliminative Conceptions of Material Objects (75)Daniel Z. Korman Permissive Conceptions of Material Objects (57)Daniel Z. Korman Material Objects, Misc (115) Mereology (1,230 | 485)Meg Wallace Composition as Identity* (110)Einar Duenger Bohn Mereological Universalism* (126) Mereological Nihilism* (145)Virendra Tripathi Mereological Essentialism (46)Nathan Wildman Simples and Gunk (117)Bradley Rettler The Argument from Vagueness (45)Daniel Z. Korman Mereology, Misc (156) Ontology of Mathematics* (2,294 | 299)Rafal Urbaniak Minor Entities (148 | 21)Noel Saenz Holes (28) Reflections (49)Clare Mac Cumhaill Shadows (26) Minor Entities, Misc (24) Nonexistent Objects (126)David Sanson Objects and Properties (392 | 87)Robert K. Garcia Bundle Theories (102)Baptiste Le Bihan Substratum Theories (60) Objects and Properties, Misc (143)Baptiste Le Bihan Persistence (1,043 | 122)A. P. Taylor Endurance (117)Paul Richard Daniels Occasional Identity (7)A. P. Taylor Perdurance (135)Paul Richard Daniels Relative Identity* (78)A. P. 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Syd M Johnson Business Ethics (21,373 | 17,157)Joakim Sandberg Accounting Ethics (38 | 20) Ethical Audits (3) Social and Environmental Reporting (6) Accounting Ethics, Misc (9) Financial Ethics (1,493 | 1,112)Joakim Sandberg Corporate Governance (51)Joakim Sandberg Ethics of Executive Remuneration (48)Joakim Sandberg Ethics of Mergers and Acquisitions (4)Joakim Sandberg Insider Trading (28)Joakim Sandberg Microfinance (26)Joakim Sandberg Shareholder Activism (20)Joakim Sandberg Socially Responsible Investment (125)Joakim Sandberg Financial Ethics, Misc (79)Joakim Sandberg Foundations of Business Ethics (575 | 358)Joakim Sandberg Moral Theory and Business Ethics (93)Joakim Sandberg Narratives in Business Ethics (3)Joakim Sandberg The Possibility of Business Ethics (19)Joakim Sandberg Stakeholder Theory (71)Joakim Sandberg Foundations of Business Ethics, Misc (31)Joakim Sandberg Management Ethics (674 | 510) Bluffing and Fraud in Business (2) Corporate Philanthropy (6) Corruption in Business (16) Ethical Leadership (44) Fair Trade (21) International Management Ethics (25) Sales Ethics (8) Management Ethics, Misc (43) Marketing Ethics (118 | 30) Advertising Ethics (32) Consumer Ethics (28) Corporate Ethical Reputation (6) Stakeholder Expectations of Business (8) Marketing Ethics, Misc (14) Organizational Ethics (735 | 440) Corporate Ethical Climate (27) Corporate Codes of Ethics (30) Corporate Ethics Training (12) Corporate Ethics Officers (7) Corporate Ethics Programs, Misc (12) Ethical Design of Organizations (29) Whistleblowing (147) Organizational Ethics, Misc (31) Context of Business Ethics (125 | 5) Business Ethics and Non-Governmental Organizations (8) Business Ethics and Public Policy (44)Ramiro Ávila Peres Business Ethics and Religion (10) Business Ethics and Societal Culture (30) Moral Reasoning in Business (21)Ramiro Ávila Peres Context of Business Ethics, Misc (7) Business Ethics, Misc (458 | 325) Teaching Business Ethics (69) Business Ethics Consulting (4) Business Ethics, Miscellaneous (60) Environmental Ethics (16,025 | 6,747)William Grove-Fanning Animal Ethics (4,631 | 1,659)Erwin Lengauer Animal Cruelty (48)Erwin Lengauer Animal Rights (977)Erwin Lengauer Animal Well-Being (29)Adam Shriver Speciesism (173)Erwin Lengauer Vegetarianism (369)Erwin Lengauer Animal Experimentation (491)Stephen Zylstra Animal Captivity (132)Nicolas Delon Domestic Animals (102)Nicolas Delon Moral Status of Animals (342)Nicolas Delon Animal Ethics, Misc (309)Erwin Lengauer Environmental Value (282 | 38)William Grove-Fanning Environmental Cost-Benefit Analysis (39)William Grove-Fanning Environmental Diversity (13)William Grove-Fanning Intrinsic Environmental Value (73)William Grove-Fanning Instrumental Environmental Value (33)William Grove-Fanning Environmental Value, Misc (86)William Grove-Fanning Food Ethics* (150 | 19)Andrea Borghini Topics in Environmental Ethics (4,126 | 1,579)William Grove-Fanning Climate Change (1,301)David R. 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