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On This Day: May 15 - The New York Times

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On This Day: May 15

Updated May 15, 2014, 10:57 am

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On May 15, 1911, the Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Standard Oil Company, ruling it was in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
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On May 15, 1902, Richard Daley, the powerful mayor of Chicago from 1955 to 1976 was born. Following his death on Dec. 20, 1976, his obituary appeared in The Times.

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On This Date

By The Associated Press

1886Poet Emily Dickinson died at age 55. 1930Ellen Church, the first airline stewardess, went on duty aboard a United Airlines flight from San Francisco and Cheyenne, Wyo. 1948Hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon. 1969Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigned amid a controversy over his past legal fees. 1970Two black students at Jackson State College in Mississippi were killed when police opened fire during student protests. 1972Alabama Gov. George Wallace was shot while campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomination in Laurel, Md., and left permanently paralyzed below the waist. 1988The Soviet Union began withdrawing its troops from Afghanistan. 2001A runaway freight train rolled about 70 miles through Ohio with no one aboard before a railroad employee jumped onto the locomotive and brought it to a stop. 2003Texas Democrats returned home after a self-imposed four-day exile in Oklahoma in a dispute over a redistricting plan. 2006A defiant Saddam Hussein refused to enter a plea at his trial in Iraq for crimes against humanity, insisting he was still the country's president. 2006The United States removed Libya from its list of terrorist states. 2007The Rev. Jerry Falwell, who helped build the Christian right into a political force, died at age 73. 2007Yolanda King, the daughter of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King, died at age 51. 2008California's Supreme Court declared gay couples in the state could marry – a victory for the gay rights movement that was overturned by the passage of Proposition 8 the following November.

Historic Birthdays

Richard Daley 5/15/1902 - 12/20/1976 American politician; powerful mayor of Chicago from 1955 to 1976.Go to obituary » 86Klemens Metternich 5/15/1773 - 6/11/1859
Austrian statesman; minister of foreign affairs (1809-48) 62Michael Balfe 5/15/1808 - 10/20/1870
Irish singer and composer; wrote "The Bohemian Girl" 87Debendranath Tagore 5/15/1817 - 1/19/1905
Indian Hindu philosopher and religious reformer 71Elie Metchnikoff 5/15/1845 - 7/16/1916
Russian zoologist and microbiologist; won Nobel Prize in 1908 62L. Frank Baum 5/15/1856 - 5/6/1919
American writer; wrote " Wonderful Wizard of Oz" series 46Pierre Curie 5/15/1859 - 4/19/1906
French chemist; won Nobel Prize for physics in 1903 69Arthur Schnitzler 5/15/1862 - 10/21/1931
Austrian playwright and novelist 71Edwin Muir 5/15/1887 - 1/3/1959
Scottish poet, literary critic and translator 69William Hume-Rothery 5/15/1899 - 9/27/1968
English founder of scientific metallurgy 95Clifton Fadiman 5/15/1904 - 6/20/1999
American editor, anthologist and writer 75James Mason 5/15/1909 - 7/27/1984
English stage and screen actor 71Tenzing Norgay 5/15/1914 - 5/9/1986
Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer; ascended Mt. Everest with Sir Edmund Hillary in 1953 80Catherine East 5/15/1916 - 8/17/1996
American feminist

Correction: An earlier version of this post misstated the name of the writer of "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz." He was L. Frank Baum, not Frank L. Baum.