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gritar - Wiktionary

gritar

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to search

Contents

Ladino[edit]

Verb[edit]

gritar (Latin spelling)

  1. to shout

Related terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin crīdāre (“to cry out, publish, proclaim”) (compare Spanish gritar, Catalan cridar, French crier, Italian gridare), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Latin quiritare (“to shriek, wail”) (per Diez), or from Frankish *krītan (“to cry out, scream, proclaim”) (per Littré), compare Middle Dutch crītan (“to cry”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gritar (first-person singular present indicative grito, past participle gritado)

  1. (intransitive) to shout, to scream

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of the Portuguese -ar verb gritar Notes:[edit] SingularPlural First-person
(eu)Second-person
(tu)Third-person
(ele / ela / você)First-person
(nós)Second-person
(vós)Third-person
(eles / elas / vocês) Infinitive Impersonalgritar Personalgritar gritares gritar gritarmos gritardes gritarem Gerund gritando Past participle Masculinegritado gritados Femininegritada gritadas Indicative Presentgrito gritas grita gritamos gritais gritam Imperfectgritava gritavas gritava gritávamos gritáveis gritavam Preteritegritei gritaste gritou gritamos
gritámos gritastes gritaram Pluperfectgritara gritaras gritara gritáramos gritáreis gritaram Futuregritarei gritarás gritará gritaremos gritareis gritarão Conditional gritaria gritarias gritaria gritaríamos gritaríeis gritariam Subjunctive Presentgrite grites grite gritemos griteis gritem Imperfectgritasse gritasses gritasse gritássemos gritásseis gritassem Futuregritar gritares gritar gritarmos gritardes gritarem Imperative Affirmative- grita grite gritemos gritai gritem Negative (não)- grites grite gritemos griteis gritem

Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:gritar.

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish cridar, gridar, from Medieval Latin crīdāre (“to cry out, publish, proclaim”), from Frankish *krītan "to cry out, scream, proclaim" (--Littré), related to Middle Dutch crītan (“to cry”).

An alternative (less likely) origin is Latin quirito (“to shriek, hiss”).

Cognate with Catalan cridar, French crier, and Italian gridare), and Portuguese gritar. Compare English cry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gritar (first-person singular present grito, first-person singular preterite grité, past participle gritado)

  1. to shout, to scream, to cry out, to call out
  2. to jeer at

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of gritar (See Appendix:Spanish verbs)edit data infinitivegritar gerundgritando past participle masculinefeminine singulargritado gritada pluralgritados gritadas singularplural 1st person2nd person3rd person1st person2nd person3rd person indicativeyotú
vosél/ella/ello
ustednosotros
nosotrasvosotros
vosotrasellos/ellas
ustedes presentgrito gritas
gritásvos grita gritamos gritáis gritan imperfectgritaba gritabas gritaba gritábamos gritabais gritaban preteritegrité gritaste gritó gritamos gritasteis gritaron futuregritaré gritarás gritará gritaremos gritaréis gritarán conditionalgritaría gritarías gritaría gritaríamos gritaríais gritarían subjunctiveyotú
vosél/ella/ello
ustednosotros
nosotrasvosotros
vosotrasellos/ellas
ustedes presentgrite grites
gritésvos2 grite gritemos gritéis griten imperfect
(ra)gritara gritaras gritara gritáramos gritarais gritaran imperfect
(se)gritase gritases gritase gritásemos gritaseis gritasen future1gritare gritares gritare gritáremos gritareis gritaren imperative—tú
vosustednosotros
nosotrasvosotros
vosotrasustedes affirmative grita
gritávos grite gritemos gritad griten negative no grites no grite no gritemos no gritéis no griten
  • 1 Mostly obsolete form, now mainly used in legal jargon.
  • 2 Argentine and Uruguayan voseo prefers the form for the present subjunctive.
Selected combined forms of gritaredit data

These forms are generated automatically and may not actually be used. Pronoun usage varies by region.

singularplural 1st person2nd person3rd person1st person2nd person3rd person with infinitive gritar dativegritarme gritarte gritarle, gritarse gritarnos gritaros gritarles, gritarse accusativegritarme gritarte gritarlo, gritarla, gritarse gritarnos gritaros gritarlos, gritarlas, gritarse with gerund gritando dativegritándome gritándote gritándole, gritándose gritándonos gritándoos gritándoles, gritándose accusativegritándome gritándote gritándolo, gritándola, gritándose gritándonos gritándoos gritándolos, gritándolas, gritándose with informal second-person singular imperative grita dativegrítame grítate grítale grítanos not used grítales accusativegrítame grítate grítalo, grítala grítanos not used grítalos, grítalas with formal second-person singular imperative grite dativegríteme not used grítele, grítese grítenos not used gríteles accusativegríteme not used grítelo, grítela, grítese grítenos not used grítelos, grítelas with first-person plural imperative gritemos dativenot used gritémoste gritémosle gritémonos gritémoos gritémosles accusativenot used gritémoste gritémoslo, gritémosla gritémonos gritémoos gritémoslos, gritémoslas with informal second-person plural imperative gritad dativegritadme not used gritadle gritadnos gritaos gritadles accusativegritadme not used gritadlo, gritadla gritadnos gritaos gritadlos, gritadlas with formal second-person plural imperative griten dativegrítenme not used grítenle grítennos not used grítenles, grítense accusativegrítenme not used grítenlo, grítenla grítennos not used grítenlos, grítenlas, grítense

Related terms[edit]

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