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esse - Wiktionary

esse

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to search See also: Esse, êsse, essē, -esse, and -êsse

Contents

Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse

  1. plural of es

Corsican[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of esse (highly irregular, suppletive) infinitiveesse gerundessendu past participlestatu personsingularplural firstsecondthirdfirstsecondthird indicativeeiutuellu/ellanoivoielli/elle present, socu , simu, semu, semi site, sete, seti imperfectera, eru eri era eramu, erami erate, erati eranu, erani simple pastfubbi, fui fusti fubbe, fubbimu, fuimu fuste fubbenu, funu, funi futureseraghju, saraghju serai, sarai serà, sarà seremu, saremu serete, sarete, sareti seranu, saranu, sarani subjunctiveeiutuellu/ellanoivoielli/elle presentsia, sii sia, sie, sii sia, sii siamu, siami siate, siati sianu, siani imperfectfussi fussi fussi, fusse fussimu, fussimi fussite, fussiti fussinu, fussini conditionaleiutuellu/ellanoivoielli/elle presentseria, saria serii, saristi seria, saria seriamu, sariamu seriate, sariste serianu, sarianu, sariani imperative–tu–noivoi– — siasiamu siate

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse m (plural esses)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. inflection of essen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. first/third-person singular present subjunctive

Hunsrik[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ëse (Wiesemann spelling system)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ezzen, from Old High German ezzan, from Proto-Germanic *etaną, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to eat
    Ich esse keen Fleisch.
    I don't eat meat.
    Heit esse-mer Fisch.
    Today we eat fish.

Inflection[edit]

Conjugation of esse infinitiveesse past participlegess auxiliaryhon present tense 1st person singularesse 2nd person singularesst 3rd person singularessd 1st person  pluralesse 2nd person pluralessd 3rd person pluralesse imperative 2nd person singularess 2nd person pluralessd

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Finnish este.

Noun[edit]

esse

  1. obstacle

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin es (the name of the letter S).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛs.se/, [ˈɛs̪ːe]
  • Rhymes: -ɛsse
  • Hyphenation: ès‧se
  • Audio (file)

Noun[edit]

esse f or m (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.; ess
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ipsae, from ipse.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈes.se/, [ˈes̪ːe]
  • Rhymes: -esse
  • Hyphenation: és‧se

Pronoun[edit]

esse f pl

  1. plural of essa; they, them (female)
    Synonym: loro

See also[edit]

Italian personal pronouns (alternate) NumberPersonGenderNominativeReflexiveAccusativeDativeLocativeGenitiveDisjunctive Singularthirdmesso1, egli, elli3 si, s' lo, l' gli vi, v' ne, n' esso, fessa, ella, Ella2 la, l' le, ella3 essa, Pluralthirdmessi, eglino3, ellino3, elli3 si, s' li loro vi, v' ne, n' essi, fesse, elle3, elleno3 le esse, elle,3 1 Refers predominantly to non-humans. 2 Highly elevated variant of Lei. 3 Archaic.

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Form of the verb sum (“[I] am; [I] exist”); from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésmi (“I am, I exist”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. present infinitive of sum

Noun[edit]

esse m (indeclinable)

  1. (Medieval Latin) state, condition

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ēsse

  1. present active infinitive of edō

References[edit]


Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

esse

  1. third-person singular feminine of as

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German essen, Dutch eten, English eat, Swedish äta.

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to eat

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of esse infinitiveesse past participlehot gesse future tensewaerd esse subjunctivedaet esse present tense 1st person singularess 2nd person singularesscht 3rd person singularesst 1st person  pluralesse 2nd person pluralesst 3rd person pluralesse imperativeess

Piedmontese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

infinitiveesse present gerundiveessend past participlestàit Present indicativePast indicativeFuture indicativePresent subjunctivePast subjunctivePresent Conditional First-person singulari son i j'era i sarai i sia i fussa i sarìa Second-person singularit ses it j'ere it saras it sie it fusse it sarìe Third-person singulara l'é a l'era a sarà a sia a fussa a sarìa First-person plurali soma i j'ero i saroma i sio i fusso i sarìo Second-person plurali seve i j'ere i sareve i sie i fusse i sarìe Third-person plurala son a j'ero i saran a sio a fusso a sarìo

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese esse, from Latin ipse (“himself”).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

esse m (feminine essa, plural esses, feminine plural essas)

  1. that (near you)
    Esse chapéu está limpo?
    Is that hat clean?

Pronoun[edit]

'esse m (feminine essa neuter isso, plural esses, feminine plural essas)

(definite demonstrative pronoun)

  1. that, that one (near you)
  2. that (that one); this (this one) (indicates something already mentioned or understood from context)
    Esse é o segredo para vencer.
    This is the secret to winning.
  3. (Brazil) this (near me)
    Esse livro é muito bom.
    This book is very good.
Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:esse.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Portuguese demonstratives (edit) PronounsAdverbs SingularPluralNeuter MasculineFeminineMasculineFeminine ProximalXeste esta estes estas isto aqui, de + Xdeste desta destes destas disto daqui em + Xneste nesta nestes nestas nisto — MedialXesse essa esses essas isso de + Xdesse dessa desses dessas disso daí em + Xnesse nessa nesses nessas nisso — DistalXaquele aquela aqueles aquelas aquilo ali, de + Xdaquele daquela daqueles daquelas daquilo dali em + Xnaquele naquela naqueles naquelas naquiloa + Xàquele àquela àqueles àquelas àquilo AnaphoricXo a os as — — de + Xdo da dos das em + Xno na nos nas a + Xao à aos às

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esse m (plural esses)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S.
  2. something shaped like the letter S
Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:esse.


Tatar[edit]

Adjective[edit]

esse

  1. hot

Walloon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French estre, from Latin sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esse

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

   —         —   Conjugation of the verb esse in Walloon   —   Codjowaedje do viebe esse e walon infinitiveesse (or iesse) gerundestant auxiliaryaveur past participle masculinefeminine singularsti — plural— — singularplural 1st person2nd person3rd person1st person2nd person3rd person indicativedji (dj')tu (t')i (il) / eledji (dj') / nosvosi (il) presentso es est estans estoz sont imperfect (in est-)esteu esteus esteut estins estîz estint imperfect (in êr-)ere1eres1ere1erins1erîz1erint1 preteritfou fous fout fourîs fourîz fourît futureserè serès serè serans seroz seront conditionalsereu sereus sereut serins serîz serint subjunctiveki dj'ki t'k' i (il) / k' eleki dj' / ki noski vosk' i (il) presentseuye seuyes seuye seuyanxhe seuyoxhe seuynuxhe or seuyèxhe presentfouxhe fouxhes fouxhe fouxhinxhe fouxhîxhe fouxhinxhe imperative—tu—dji / nosvos— affirmative seuye seuyans seuyoz 1 Haute-Lesse and Chestrolais Retrieved from "[en.wiktionary.org]" Categories: Hidden category:

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