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dot - Wiktionary

dot

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to search See also: Dot, DOT, Dớt, dot-, do't, đốt, and đột

Contents

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:dot Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English *dot, from Old English dott (“a dot, point”), from Proto-Germanic *duttaz (“wisp”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Dot, Dotte (“a clump”), Dutch dot (“lump, knot, clod”), Low German Dutte (“a plug”), dialectal Swedish dott (“a little heap, bunch, clump”).

Noun[edit]

dot (plural dots)

  1. A small, round spot.
    a dot of colour
    • 1845, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, “Morte d’Arthur”, in Poems‎[1], lines 269–272:
      Long stood Sir Bedivere / Revolving many memories, till the hull / Look’d one black dot against the verge of dawn / And on the mere the wailing died away.
  2. (grammar) A punctuation mark used to indicate the end of a sentence or an abbreviated part of a word; a full stop; a period.
  3. A point used as a diacritical mark above or below various letters of the Latin script, as in Ȧ, Ạ, Ḅ, Ḃ, Ċ.
  4. (mathematics) A symbol used for separating the fractional part of a decimal number from the whole part, for indicating multiplication or a scalar product, or for various other purposes.
  5. One of the two symbols used in Morse code.
    • 1838, William Hamilton, “Report on Prof. Morse’s Electro-Magnetic Telegraph”, in Journal of the Franklin Institute‎[2]:
      The alphabetical signals are made up of combinations of dots and of lines of different lengths.
  6. (obsolete) A lump or clot.
  7. Anything small and like a speck comparatively; a small portion or specimen.
    a dot of a child
  8. (cricket, informal) A dot ball.
    • 2019 July 14, Stephan Shemilt, “England win Cricket World Cup: Ben Stokes stars in dramatic finale against New Zealand”, in BBC Sport‎[3], London:
      That left 15 needed from Boult's final set. Two dots were followed by a heave over deep mid-wicket, then came the outrageous moment of fortune.
  9. (MLE) buckshot, projectile from a "dotty" or shotgun
    • 2018, HL8 and SimpzBeatz (music), “Rolling Round”, performed by Sparko of OMH:
      Can’t miss no dots
      Every shot let caused I’m hittin
      Used to bag it up in the toilet
      My mumsie thought I was shittin
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
small spot or mark punctuation mark diacritical mark decimal point morse code symbol dot in URL's or email addresses

Verb[edit]

dot (third-person singular simple present dots, present participle dotting, simple past and past participle dotted)

  1. (transitive) To cover with small spots (of some liquid).
    His jacket was dotted with splashes of paint.
  2. (transitive) To add a dot (the symbol) or dots to.
    Dot your is and cross your ts.
  3. To mark by means of dots or small spots.
    to dot a line
  4. To mark or diversify with small detached objects.
    to dot a landscape with cottages
  5. (colloquial) To punch (a person).
    • 2016, Kerry Greenwood, Murder and Mendelssohn, Sydney: Allen and Unwin, page 332:
      `Which means,' said John, `that someone dotted him a good one, shoved him into the bathtub, ran the water, then opened his mouth and poured champagne into it until he drowned.'
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

dot

  1. Dot product of the previous vector and the following vector.
    The work is equal to F dot Δx.
Coordinate terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
dot product of

Etymology 2[edit]

From French dot.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dot (plural dots)

  1. (US, Louisiana) A dowry.
    • 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, chapter 53
      "Have you the pictures still?" I asked.
      "Yes; I am keeping them till my daughter is of marriageable age, and then I shall sell them. They will be her dot."
    • 1927, Anna Bowman Dodd, Talleyrand: the Training of a Statesman:
      As a bride, Madame de Talleyrand had brought a small dot of fifteen thousand francs to the family fund.
Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *dhētim, accusative of Proto-Indo-European *dhē (“to put”). Alternatively it might represent a univerbation of do and .

Verb[edit]

dot

  1. "Can't" in negative sentences and "can" in interrogative ones. Can be added in sentences with mund to add emphasis.
    Nuk e bëj dot.
    I can't do it.
    A vjen dot?
    Can you come?
Related terms[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dōte

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dot m (plural dots)

  1. dowry
  2. gift, talent

Synonyms[edit]

  • (gift): do

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dot m or f (plural dotten, diminutive dotje n)

  1. cutie, something small and adorable
  2. darling, sweetie (almost always used in its diminutive form - dotje)
  3. (informal) a lot, a large amount
    een dot geld - a lot of money
  4. a swab

Synonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin dos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dot f (plural dots)

  1. dowry, marriage portion

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

dot (triggers lenition)

  1. (Munster) Contraction of do do (“to your sg, for your sg”).
    An bhfuilir dílis dot chéile?
    Are you faithful to your spouse?

Related terms[edit]

Irish preposition contractions Basic formContracted withCopular forms an (“the sg”)na (“the pl”)mo (“my”)do (“your”)a (“his, her, their; which (present)”)ár (“our”)ar (“which (past)”)(before consonant)(present/future before vowel)(past/conditional before vowel) de (“from”) den de na
desna* de mo
dem* de do
ded*, det* dár dar darb darbh do (“to, for”) don do na
dosna* do mo
dom* do do
dod*, dot* dár dar darb darbh faoi (“under, about”) faoin faoi na faoi mo faoi do faoina faoinár faoinar faoinarb faoinarbh fara (“along with, beside”) fairis an fairis na fara mo fara do farana faranár faranar faranarb faranarbh i (“in”) sa, san sna i mo
im* i do
id*, it* ina inár inar inarb inarbh le (“with”) leis an leis na le mo
lem* le do
led*, let* lena lenár lenar lenarb lenarbh ó (“from, since”) ón ó na
ósna* ó mo
óm* ó do
ód*, ót* óna ónár ónar ónarb ónarbh trí (“through”) tríd an trí na trí mo trí do trína trínár trínar trínarb trínarbh *Dialectal.

Klamath-Modoc[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • tút (Gatschet)

Noun[edit]

dot

  1. tooth

References[edit]

  • Barker, M. A. R. (1963). Klamath Dictionary. University of California Publications in Linguistics 31. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • Gatschet, Samuel S. (1890). The Klamath Indians of southwestern Oregon. Volume II, Part II. United States Government Printing Office.
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Klamath-Modoc is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *dugdā (compare Persian دختر‎ (doχtar), دخت‎ (doχt), Pashto لور‎ (lur), Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬔𐬆𐬛𐬀𐬭‎ (dugədar)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰugʰdʰā (compare Sanskrit दुहितृ (duhitṛ), from *dʰuǰʰitr-), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰugh₂tḗr (compare Armenian դուստր (dustr), Greek θυγατέρα (thygatéra), Lithuanian duktė, Russian дочь (dočʹ), English daughter).

Noun[edit]

dot f

  1. daughter

Related terms[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *duoti, *duotie, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *dṓˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *dédeh₃ti (“to give”). The present tense forms are new formations, replacing the old athematic forms (still attested in dialectal forms like domu (“I give”) instead of dodu). The past tense forms are from earlier *davu (cf. Lithuanian daviaũ); the e was extended from the past active participle form devis (< *devens < *de-d-wens).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dot tr., no conj., pres. dodu, dod, dod, past devu

  1. to give (to hand to someone, so that s/he can have it)
    dot lakatu mātei ― to give a scarf to (one's) mother
    dot ziedus ― to give flowers
    dot draugam grāmatu izlasīt ― to give a friend a book to read
    dot atslēgas ― to give the keys
    dot kasierei naudu ― to give money to the cashier
    dot bērnam maizes šķēli ― to give a child a slice of bread
    dot govīm sienu ― to give hay to the cows
    dot sienu ― to give hay (to throw it with a fork)
    dot mēslojumu ― to give fertilizer, to fertilize (land, soil)
    dot ēst ― to give food (lit. to give to eat)
    dot bērnam krūti ― to give (one's) breast to a child (= to nurse, breastfeed a child)
    dot roku ― to give (one's) hand (= to wave, to greet someone, to shake hands, to hold hands)
    dot maizi ― to give bread; to provide food (e.g., in old age)
    bet kas tad tev vecumā dos maizi? ― but who will give you bread (= provide you with food) in (your) old age?
  2. to give, to provide (to allow the use of a material object, to free a place for someone else's use)
    dot autobusu ekskursijai ― to give a bus to the excursion
    dot naktsmājas tūristiem ― to provide accommodation for tourists
    dot asinis, kaula smadzenes ― to give (= donate) blood, bone marrow
    dot trolejbusā vietu vecākiem pasažieriem ― to give one's place on the trolley to older passengers
    kā es vēlāk uzzināju, mājas pagaidām dod tikai ģimenēm ― as I later found out, for the time being they are giving houses only to families
  3. (colloquial) to give in marriage
    krievi, krievi, leiši, leiši... visi man draugi, radi; krievam devu savu māsiņu, pats es ņēmu leišu meitu ― Russians, Russians, Lithuanians, Lithuanians... all friends, relatives to me; to a Russian I gave my little sister, (and) I myself took a Lithuanian girl (as wife)
  4. (colloquial) to allow (e.g., a son or daughter) to work, to be employed
    dot dēlu par ganu ― to give a son as a shepherd (= to allow a son to work as a shepherd)
  5. to give, to grant, to procure, to secure (a state, circumstances)
    dot darbu ― to give work
    dot atvaļinājumu ― to give a holiday
    dot patstāvību, brīvību ― to give autonomy, freedom
    dot priekšroku ― to give (one's) preference (to...)
    dot iespēju ― to give the opportunity, the possibility (of...)
    man bija dots mēness, lai atpūstos pēc ziemas darbiem ― a month was given to me, so that I would rest after winter's work
  6. to give, to dedicate, to donate, to provide (at birth)
    tev, meistar, dodam mīlestību savu ― to you, master, we give our love
    arī tas taisnums māksla, to iemācīties nevarēja, tas cilvēkam vai nu dots no paša sākuma, vai palika visu mūžu nesasniegts ― also that straightness (is) art, one can't learn it, either it is given from the very beginning (= from birth), or it remains unobtained (for one's) whole life
  7. (dated sense) to allow, to permit
    stāstu mātei, ka Dāvis man dod braukt patstāvīgi ― I tell (my) mother that Dāvis gave (= allowed) me to drive by myself
  8. to give (to express orally or in writing)
    dot rīkojumu ― to give instructions, orders
    dot pavēli ― to give a command, an order
    dot norādījumus ― to give instructions
    dot atļauju ― to give permission
    dot solījumu ― to make (lit. give) a promise
    dot zvērestu ― to take (lit. give) an oath
    dot ieteikumu ― to give a recommendation
    dot parakstu ― to give (one's) signature (= to sign)
    dot liecību ― to bear, give testimony
    dot norēķinu ― to give a report (of one's actions)
    dot vārdu, nosaukumu ― to give a name, a denomination
    dot ziņu ― to give knowledge of (= to report; to announce)
  9. to give (to add to a text)
    dot vārdnīcai stilistiskās norādes ― to give a dictionary stylistic references
    piezīmes dotas parindēs ― comments (are) given in parentheses
  10. (mathematics, usually in the past passive participle form dots) to be given, to be known from the start
    dotais lielumsgiven quantity
    uzdevums bija kvadrāta un taisnstūra laukuma aprēķināšana, ja dots perimetrs ― the task was the calculation of the square and rectangular area, if the perimeter is given
    kopu uzskata par dotu, ja ir dots pilns tās elementu saraksts ― a set is considered to be given if a full list of its elements is given
  11. (of physical or mental states) to give (to create, to inspire, to generate)
    dot drosmi cīņā ― to give courage in (= to) fight
    dot možumu ― to give liveliness
    dot prieku ― to give joy, pleasure
    dot mieru ― to give peace (of mind)
    dot iemeslu ― to give (= create, be) a reason
    cerība viņus sildīja un deva jaunus spēkus cīņai par savu dzīvību ― hope warmed them and gave (them) new strength for the fight for their lives
    neesmu taču ne mazāko iemeslu devis, kas tai būtu varējis modināt cerības ― I haven't given even the slightest reason to arouse expectations, hopes
  12. (of results, effects) to give, to provide, to be the cause (of something)
    eksperiments dod gaidītos resultātus ― the experiment is giving the expected results
    pētījums dod jaunas atziņas ― the study gives new insights
    dot ēnu, paēnu ― to give (= create) shade, a shadow (e.g., a tree)
    ko tas (mums) dod? ― what does this give (us)? (= what good is there in it for us?)
  13. (of material objects, values; also of spiritual or cultural values) to give, to produce, to create
    dot produkciju virs plāna ― to give production (= to produce) above the plan
    govs dod daudz piena ― (this) cow gives a lot of milk
    jaunā aitu šķirne dod augstvērtīgu vilnu ― the new breed of sheep gives high-quality wool
    augļu koki pēc dziļām ziemām dažkārt dod bagātīgas augļu ražas ― fruit trees after deep winters sometimes give abundant fruit harvests
    elektriskais motors dos baltu, spodru gaismu ― the electric motor will give white, bright light
    pēdējā laikā gleznotājs devis vairākas vērtīgas gleznas ― in recent times, (this) painter has given (= produced) many valuable paintings
    visvairāk latviešu literārā valodā iesakņojušos jaunvārdu devuši J. Alunāns, Kronvaldu Atis, Rainis un A. Upīts ― most of the new words that struck root in the Latvian literary languages (were) given (by) J. Alunāns, Kronvaldu Atis, Rainis and A. Upīts
  14. (colloquial) to give, to pay
    jauna mašīna maksā četrus tūkstošus, jūsēja ir pietiekami nobraukta, lai par to nedotu pat pusotra ― a new car costs four thousand, (but) yours is quite traveled, so that (one) wouldn't give one and a half thousand (= fifteen hundred)
  15. (colloquial, a person's age, by sight) to give, to estimate as
    Mare vēl bija izskatīga sieva, četrdesmit sešus viņai gandrīz nevarēja dot ― Mare was still a handsome woman, you almost couldn't give her forty-six (years of age)
  16. (colloquial) to hit
    dot pa ādu ― to give on the skin (= to beat, to flog, to thrash)
    tevi kāds sit, dod pretī, neļaujies apvainot! ― (if) someone hits you, give (= hit) back, don't let (him) offend you!
    viņš deva ar cirvi lācim pa pauri, lācis beigts ― he gave (hit) the bear on the top of the head with an axe, the bear (is now) finished (= dead)
    es šim vīram devu vienu pliķi ― I gave this man a slap (= I slapped his face)
  17. (colloquial) to shoot, to give a shot
    nedomā kustēt! ja bēgsi, no abiem stobriem tev došu stilbos ― don't (even) think about moving! if you run, from both barrels I will give (= shoot) (you) in the leg

Conjugation[edit]

conjugation of dot INDICATIVE (īstenības izteiksme)IMPERATIVE
(pavēles izteiksme) Present
(tagadne)Past
(pagātne)Future
(nākotne) 1st pers. sg.esdodu devu došu2nd pers. sg.tudod devi dosi dod 3rd pers. sg.viņš, viņadod deva dos lai dod 1st pers. pl.mēsdodam devām dosim dosim 2nd pers. pl.jūsdodat devāt dosiet,
dosit dodiet 3rd pers. pl.viņi, viņasdod deva dos lai dod RENARRATIVE (atstāstījuma izteiksme)PARTICIPLES (divdabji) Presentdodot Present Active 1 (Adj.)dodošs Pastesot devis Present Active 2 (Adv.)dodams Futuredošot Present Active 3 (Adv.)dodot Imperativelai dodot Present Active 4 (Obj.)dodam CONDITIONAL (vēlējuma izteiksme)Past Activedevis Presentdotu Present Passivedodams Pastbūtu devis Past Passivedots DEBITIVE (vajadzības izteiksme)NOMINAL FORMS Indicative(būt) jādod Infinitive (nenoteiksme)dot Conjunctive 1esot jādod Negative Infinitivenedot Conjunctive 2jādodot Verbal noundošana

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dot”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Luxembourgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dot

  1. inflection of doen:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative

Malay[edit]

Noun[edit]

dot (plural dot-dot, informal 1st possessive dotku, impolite 2nd possessive dotmu, 3rd possessive dotnya)

  1. nipple, teat

Northern Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Samic *totë.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈtoːh(t)/

Determiner[edit]

dōt

  1. yonder, that way over there (very far from speaker and listener)

Inflection[edit]

Pronominal inflection Nominativedōt Genitivedōn SingularPlural Nominativedōt dōt Accusativedōn dōid Genitivedōn dōid Illativedōsa dōidda Locativedōs dōin Comitativedōinna dōiguin Essivedōnin

Further reading[edit]

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages‎[4], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Old Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *daudaz.

Adjective[edit]

dōt

  1. dead

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dōt”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Pennsylvania German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German tot, Dutch dood, English dead, Swedish död, Icelandic dauður.

Adjective[edit]

dot

  1. dead

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

dot (nominative plural dots)

  1. doubt

Declension[edit]

declension of dot singularplural nominativedot dots genitivedota dotas dativedote dotes accusativedoti dotis vocative 1o dot! o dots! predicative 2dotu dotus
  • 1 status as a case is disputed
  • 2 in later, non-classical Volapük only
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