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Appendix:Afro-Asiatic Swadesh lists - Wiktionary

Appendix:Afro-Asiatic Swadesh lists

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This is a Swadesh list of Afro-Asiatic languages, specifically Arabic, Hebrew, Classical Syriac, Akkadian, Ge'ez, Maltese, Coptic, Tarifit, Hausa, Oromo and Somali, compared with that of English.

Languages compared here are:

The Omotic branch is not yet included.

See also the specific Swadesh lists:

Contents

Transcription[edit]

Notes on Semitic Romanization:

  • â, ê, ô stand for the vowels of father [ɑ], day [e] and core [ɒ] in British English.
  • a, e, i, o and u stand for the vowels of hat [a], get [ɛ], heat [i], hot [ɔ] and fool [u].
  • ā, ē, ī, ō and ū stand for the same vowels as without the macron, but pronounced longer. [aː], [ɛː], [iː], [ɔː], [uː]
  • b, d, f, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, y and z stand for their equivalents in English.
  • θ stands for the th of English thick. [θ]
  • ð stands for the th of English this. [ð]
  • j stands for the j of English job. [dʒ]
  • g stands for the g of English good. [ɡ]
  • x stands for the sound of German ch in Ach! or j in Spanish jota. [x]
  • ğ stands for the voiced counterpart of x, much as Spanish intervocalic g. [ɣ]
  • š stands for the sh of English ship. [ʃ]
  • ś stands for the sound of Welsh ll in Lloyd. [ɬ]
  • ħ stands for the typical rough h sound of Semitic languages. [ħ]
  • ʿ stands for the voiced counterpart of ħ. [ʕ]
  • ʾ stands for the glottal stop of cockney English boʼle ('bottle'). [ʔ]
  • q stands for a k sound produced from the back of the mouth. [q]
  • , , and stand for the sounds derived from t, s, d and z/ð. These are called the pharyngealized, emphatic, or velarized sounds. They affect the sound of the consonants and vowels that follow or precede; they are made by constricting the pharynx during the articulation of the sound. [tˤ], [sˤ], [dˤ], [zˤ]/[ðˤ]

Since this page contains mostly ancient languages, the Hebrew romanization has been chosen to correspond to the pronunciation of Tiberian (Biblical) Hebrew, rather than to modern Israeli Hebrew. This means that the following developments of Hebrew are not to be taken into account:

  • ħ and x merge into x;
  • w and v merge into v;
  • q and k merge into k;
  • ğ and g merge into g;
  • ś and s merge into s;
  • ð and d merge into d;
  • θ, , and t merge into t;
  • ʿ and ʾ merge into a glottal stop (ʾ);
  • emphatic becomes a non-emphatic affricate ts.

List[edit]

№ EnglishArabicHebrewSyriacAkkadianGe'ezMalteseCopticTarifiyt BerberHausaOromo (Wallagga)Somali 1 I أَنَا‎ (ʾanā) אֲנִי‎ (ʾanī),
אָנֹכִי‎ (ʾânōxī) ܐܢܐ‎ (ʾenâ) anāku አነ (ʾana) jiena, jien anok nəšš níi ana, na ani(ga) 2 you (sg.) أَنْتَ‎ m (ʾanta),
أَنْتِ‎ f (ʾanti) אַתָּה‎ m (ʾattâ),
אַתְּ‎ f (ʾat) ܐܢܬ‎ m (ʾat),
ܐܢܬܝ‎ f (ʾat(ti)) atta m, atti f አንተ m (ʾanta),
አንቲ f (ʾanti) inti, int ntok m, nto f šəkk, šəmm kái, kée si adi(ga) 3 he هُوَ‎ (huwa) הוּא‎ (hu) ܗܘ‎ (hu) šū ውእቱ (wəʾətu) huwa, hu ntof m, ntos f nətta m, nəttaŧ f shíi m, ítá f isa isa(ga) m, iya(da)f 4 we نَحْنُ‎ (naħnu) אֲנַחְנוּ‎ (ʾanaħnu),
אָנוּ‎ (ʾânū) ܚܢܢ‎ (ħnan),
ܐܢܚܢܢ‎ ((ʾ)naħnan) nīnu ንሕነ (nəħna) aħna anon nəššin múu nu inna(ga) (incl.), anna(ga) (excl.) 5 you (pl.) أَنْتُمْ‎ m (ʾantum),
أَنْتُنَّ‎ f (ʾantunna),
أَنْتُمَا‎ c du (ʾantumā) אֲתֶּם‎ m (ʾattem),
אַתֶּן‎ f (ʾatten) ܐܢܬܘܢ‎ m (ʾattōn),
ܐܢܬܝܢ‎ f (ʾattên) attunu m,
attina f አንትሙ m (ʾantəmu),
አንትን f (ʾantən) intom ntōtn kənniw, kənnint kúu isin idin(ka) 6 they هُمْ‎ m (hum),
هُنَّ‎ f (hunna),
هُمَا‎ c du (humā) הֵם‎ m (hêm),
הֵן‎ f (hên) ܗܢܘܢ‎ m (hennōn),
ܗܢܝܢ‎ f (hennên) šunu m,
šina f እሙንቱ m (ʾəmmuntu),
እማንቱ f (ʾəmmāntu) huma ntou nihni, nihənti súu isaan iya(ga) 7 this هٰذَا‎ m (hāðā),
هٰذِهِ‎ f (hāðihi) זֶה‎ m (ze),
זוֹ‎ f (zō), זֹאת‎ f (zōθ) ܗܢܐ‎ m (hânâ),
ܗܕܐ‎ f (hâðê) annû ዝ- m (zə-),
ዝንቱ m (zəntu),
 f (zā),
ዛቲ f (zāti) dan m, din f =ai, =ei =a wánnàn kana kan m, tan f 8 that ذٰلِكَ‎ m (ðālika),
ﺫَﺍﻙَ‎ m (ðāka),
تِلْكَ‎ f (tilka),
تِيكَ‎ f (tika) הַהוּא‎ m (hahu),
הַהִיא‎ f (hahi) ܗܘ‎ m (hâw),
ܗܝ‎ f (hây) šū, ullû ዝክቱ (zəktu) dak m, dik f =ē, =i =in, =ənni wáncàn san kaas m, taas f 9 here هُنَا‎ (hunā) פֹּה‎ (pō),
הִנֵּה‎ (hinnê) ܗܪܟܐ‎ (hârkâ),
ܬܢܢ‎ (tnân) annânu ዘየ (zaya) hemm nan halkan, inta 10 there هُنَاكَ‎ (hunāka),
هَنَالِكَ‎ (hunālika) שָׁם‎ (šâm) ܬܡܢ‎ (tammân) ህየ (həyya) hawn can halkaas 11 who مَنْ‎ (man) מִי‎ (mī) ܡܢ‎ (man) mannu መኑ (mannu) min wanda eeññu yaa?, kuma? 12 what مَا‎ (mā),
مَاذَا‎ (māðā) מָה‎ (ma) ܡܐ‎ (mâ),
ܡܢ‎ (mân),
ܡܢܐ‎ (mânâ),
ܡܘܢ‎ (mōn) mīnu ምንት (mənt) xi me maal maxaa? 13 where أَيْنَ‎ (ʾayna) אֵיפֹה‎ (ʾêfo (where)),
אָנָה‎ (ʾânâ (whither)) ܐܝܟܐ‎ (ʾaykâ) ali አይቴ (ʾayte) fejn inaa Halkee?, intee? 14 when مَتَى‎ (matā) מָתַי‎ (mâθay) ܐܡܬܝ‎ (ʾemmaθ(i)) ayyānu, mati ሚጊዜ (mi-gize) meta yaushe goormee?, amee? 15 how كَيْفَ‎ (kayfa) אֵיךְ‎ (ʾêx) ܐܝܟܢ‎ (ʾaykan),
ܐܝܟܢܐ‎ (ʾaykannâ) ana mīni, ammīni እፎ (ʾəffo) kif yaya sidee? 16 not مَا‎ (mā (past)),
لَا‎ (lā (present)),
لَمْ‎ (lam (perfect)) לֹא‎ (lō),
אַל‎ (ʾal) ܠܐ‎ (lâ) ul, lā (ʾi) ma ba ii'ii ma 17 all كُلّ‎ (kull) כֹּל‎ (kōl) ܟܠ‎ (kol) kalû ኵል (kʷəll) kollu m,
kollha f/pl marra dúkà hundaa dhamaan, giddi, gebi, kulli 18 many كَثِير‎ (kaθīr) הַרְבֵּה‎ (harbê) ܣܓܝ‎ (saggī) mādu ብዙሕ (bəzuħ) ħafna naše yaya badan 19 some بَعْض‎ (baʿḍ),
كَمْ‎ (kam) כַּמָּה‎ (kammâ) ܟܡܐ‎ (kmâ) ስፍን (səfn) want gar(i) qaar 20 few قَلِيل‎ (qalīl) מְעַט‎ (m'ʿaṭ) ܒܨܝܪܐ‎ (bṣīrâ) ኅዳጥ (ḫədāṭ) ftit dhowr, waxyar 21 other آخِر‎ m (ʾāxar),
أُخْرَى‎ f (ʾúxrā),
أُخَر‎ pl (ʾúxar) אַחֵר‎ m (ʾaħêr),
אַחֶרֶת‎ f (ʾaħeret),
אַחֵרִים‎ m pl (ʾaħêrīm),
אַחֵרוֹת‎ f pl (ʾaħêrōθ) ܐܚܪܢܐ‎ m ((ʾa)ħrênâ),
ܐܚܪܬܐ‎ f ((ʾa)ħrêtâ),
ܐܚܪܢܐ‎ m pl ((ʾa)ħrânê),
ܐܚܪܢܝܬܐ‎ f pl ((ʾa)ħrânyâθâ) šanû ካልእ (kāləʾ) ieħor m, oħra f, oħrajn pl wasu biraa kale 22 one وَاحِد‎ m (wāħid),
وَاحِدَة‎‎ f (wáħida) אֶחָד‎ m (ʾeħâd),
אַחַת‎ f (ʾaħaθ) ܚܕ‎ m (ħað),
ܚܕܐ‎ f (ħðâ) ištēn m,
ištēt f አሐዱ (ʾaħadu) wieħed m,
waħda f ouai ižžən, ištən ɗáyá tokko kow, hal 23 two إِثْنَان‎ m (ʾiθnān),
إِثْنَيْن‎ m (ʾiθnayn),
إِثْنَتَان‎ f (ʾiθnatān),
إِثْنَتَيْن‎ f (ʾiθnatayn) שְׁנִַים‎ m (š'nayim),
שְׁתַּיִם‎ f (š'tayim) ܬܪܝܢ‎ m (trên),
ܬܪܬܝܢ‎ f (tartên) šinā m, šittā f ክልኤቱ (kəlʾetu) tnejn ᵊsnau ŧnayən (< Ar.) bíyú lama labo 24 three ثَلَاثَة‎ m (θalāθa),
ثَلَاث‎ f (θalāθ) שְׁלֹשָׁה‎ m (š'lōšâ),
שָׁלֹשׁ‎‎ f (šâlōš) ܬܠܬܐ‎ m (tlâθâ),
ܬܠܬ‎ m (tlâθ) šalāš m, šalāšat f ሠለስቱ (śalastu) tlieta šomt ŧřaŧa (< Ar.) úkù sadii saddex 25 four أَرْبَعَة‎ m (ʾarbaʿa),
أَرْبَع‎ f (ʾarbaʿ) אַרְבָּעָה‎ m (ʾarbâʿâ),
אַרְבַּע‎ f (ʾarbaʿ) ܐܪܒܥܐ‎ m (ʾarbʿâ),
ܐܪܒܥ‎ f (ʾarbaʿ) erbe m, erbet f አርበዕቱ (ʾarbaʿtu) erbgħa ᵊftou āƀʕa (< Ar.) húɗú afur afar 26 five خَمْسَة‎ m (xa

msa),
خَمْس‎ f (xams)

חֲמִשָּׁה‎ m (ħamiššâ),
חָמֵשׁ‎ f (ħâméš) ܚܡܫܐ‎ m (ħamšâ),
ܚܡܫ‎ f (ħammeš) xamiš m, xamšat f ኀመስቱ (ḫamastu) ħamsa ᵊtiou xəmsa (< Ar.) bìyár̃ šan shan 27 big كَبِير‎ (kabīr) גָּדוֹל‎ (gâðōl) ܪܒܐ‎ (rabbâ),
ܟܒܝܪܐ‎ (kabbīrâ) rabûm ዐቢይ (ʿabiyy) kbir noc aməqqr’an bàbbá weyn 28 long طَوِيل‎ (ṭawīl) אָרֹךְ‎ (ʾârōx) ܐܪܝܟܐ‎ (ʾarīxâ) ነዋኅ (nawwāḫ) twil šoi aziyrā mài tsáwóo dheer 29 wide رَحْب‎ (raħb),
وَاسِع‎ (wāsiʿ) רָחָב‎ (râħâv) ܪܘܝܚܐ‎ (rwīxâ),
ܦܬܝܐ‎ (paθyâ) rupšu ርሑብ (rəħub) wiesa' bal'aa, booccoo ballaadhan 30 thick سَمِيك‎ (samīk) עָב‎ (ʿâv) ܥܒܝܛܐ‎ (ʿvīṭâ) ገዙፍ (gazuf) oħxon cufan 31 heavy ثَقِيل‎ (θaqīl) כָּבֵד‎ (kâvéð) ܢܛܝܠܐ‎ (nṭīlâ),
ܝܩܘܪܐ‎ (yaqqūrâ) kabtu ከቡድ (kabud) tqil horš đqəř (< Ar.) mài náuyíi culus 32 small صَغِير‎ (ṣağīr) קָטָן‎ (qâṭân) ܙܥܘܪܐ‎ (zʿōrâ) ṭexru ንኡስ (nəʾus) żgħir k'arami yar 33 short قَصِير‎ (qaṣīr) קָצָר‎ (qâṣâr) ܟܪܝܐ‎ (karyâ) karû ኅጹር (ḫəṣur) qasir guntu gaaban 34 narrow ضَيِّق‎ (ḍayyiq) צַר‎ (ṣâr) ܥܝܝܩܐ‎ (ʿayyīqâ) qatnu ጸቢብ (ṣabib) dejjaq siriri ciriiri 35 thin رَقِيق‎ (raqīq) דַּק‎ (daq) ܪܩܝܩܐ‎ (raqqīqâ),
ܛܠܝܚܐ‎ (ṭlīħâ) qatnu ቀጢን (qaṭin),
ደቂቅ (daqiq) rqiq dhuuban 36 woman اِمْرَأَة‎ (ʾimrāʾa) אִשָּׁה‎ (ʾiššâ) ܐܢܬܬܐ‎ (ʾa(n)tθâ) sinništu ብእሲት (bəʾəsit) mara te-shime (hiome) ŧamɣā’ŧ, ŧamət’t’uŧ màcè naag, dumar,
haweeney, habar 37 man
(adult male) رَجُل‎ (rajul) אִישׁ‎ (ʾīš),
גֶּבֶר‎ (gever) ܓܒܪܐ‎ (gavrâ) zikaru ብእሲ (bəʾəsi) raġel p-hoout āyaz námíjì rag 38 man
(human being) إِنْسَان‎ (ʾinsān) אָדָם‎ (ʾâðâm),
אֱנוֹשׁ‎ (ʾənōš) ܐܢܫܐ‎ ((ʾə)nâšâ) awīlu ሰብእ (sabəʾ),
ሰብኣዊ (sabʾāwi) bniedem p-rōme ƀnađəm (< Ar.) mùtûm nama nin 39 child وَلَد‎ (walad) יֶלֶד‎ (yeleð) ܝܠܘܕܐ‎ (yalluðâ) ṣexru, māru ሕፃን m (ħəḍān),
ወልድ m (wald),
ወለት f (walatt) tifel p-šēre aħənžia, řƀəz’z’ ɗáa, 'yáa cunug 40 wife زَوْجَة‎ (zawja) אִשָּׁה‎ (ʾiššâ) ܐܢܬܬܐ‎ (ʾa(n)tθâ) aššatu ብእሲት (bəʾəsit) mara te-shime (hiome) ŧamɣā’ŧ màatáa xaas, afo, oori 41 husband بَعْل‎ (baʿl) בַּעַל‎ (baʿal) ܒܥܠܐ‎ (baʿlâ) mutu ምት (mət),
በዓል (baʿāl) żewġ p-hai, p-hoout āyaz míjìi sey 42 mother أُمّ‎ (ʾumm) אֵם‎ (ʾêm) ܐܡܐ‎ (ʾemmâ) ummu እም (ʾəmm) omm t-maau yəmma (< Ar.?) úwáa hooyo 43 father أَب‎ (ʾab) אָב‎ (ʿâv) ܐܒܐ‎ (ʾavâ) abu አብ (ʾab) missier p-eiōt (eiote) ƀaƀa (< Ar.?) ùbáa aabbe 44 animal حَيَوَان‎ (ħayawān) חַיָּה‎ (ħayyâ) ܚܝܘܬܐ‎ (ħaywθâ) አርዌ (ʾarwe) annimal p-tᵊvnē (tᵊvnooue) lħayawan (< Ar.) dábbàa (< Ar.?) xaywaan 45 fish سَمَكَة‎ (samaka) דָּג‎ (dâğ) ܢܘܢܐ‎ (nūnâ) nūnu ዓሣ (ʿāśā) ħuta p-tᵊvt asřəm kíifíi qurt'ummii kalluun, mallaay 46 bird طَائِر‎ (ṭā'ir),
عُصْفُور‎ (ʿuṣfūr) צִפּוֹר‎ (ṣippōr),
עוֹף‎ (ʿōf) ܛܝܪܐ‎ (ṭayrâ),
ܨܦܪܐ‎ (ṣepprâ) iṣṣūru ዖፍ (ʿof) għasfur p-halēt (halate) ažđ’iđ’ tsúntsúu c'irrii shimbir 47 dog كَلْب‎ (kalb) כֶּלֶב‎ (kelev) ܟܠܒܐ‎ (kalbâ) kalbu ከልብ (kalb) kelb pe-(o)uhor (ouhoor) ayđi, aqzin, ahəggā kàrée saree ey 48 louse قَمْلَة‎ (qamla) כִּנָּה‎ (kinnâ) ܩܠܡܐ‎ (qalmâ) uplu ቍማል (qʷəmāl) qamla ŧiššəšŧ (head), infā (body) kwàlkwátàa (head),
kwàr̃kwátàa (body) c'inii, injiraan, injijii injir 49 snake حَنَش‎ (ħanaš) נָחָשׁ‎ (nâħâš) ܚܘܝܐ‎ (ħewyâ) ṣēru አርዌ ምድር (ʾarwe mədr),
ተመን (taman) serp t-hof (hvoui) fiɣā’, ŧařəfsa mácìijíi mar'ataa, bofa, šaawwisa mas 50 worm دُودَة‎ (dūda) תּוֹלַעַת‎ (tólaʿat) ܬܘܠܥܐ‎ (tawlʿâ) ዕፄ (ʿəḍe) dudu p-fᵊnt ađan n tmuaŧ tsúutsàa dixiri, gooryaan 51 tree شَجَرَة‎ (šajara) עֵץ‎ (ʿēṣ) ܐܝܠܢܐ‎ (ʾīlânâ) iṣu ዕጽ (ʿəṣ) siġra p-šēn ssəžžāŧ (< Ar.) ítàacée muka geed 52 forest غَابَة‎ (ğāba) יַעַר‎ (yaʿar) ܥܒܐ‎ (ʿâvâ) gūru ዖም (ʿom) foresta řɣaƀəŧ (< Ar.) dáajìi baqqoo, daggala kayn, duur 53 stick عَصًا‎ (ʿaṣān) מַקֵּל‎ (maqqēl) ܩܝܣܐ‎ (qaysâ) ቀስተም (qastam),
መቅርዕ (maqrəʿ) Sanada ul 54 fruit فَاكِهَة‎ (fākiha) פְּרִי‎ (p'rī) ܦܐܪܐ‎ (pêrâ) inbu ፍሬ (fəré) frott pe-(o)utah řxuđ’āŧ (< Ar.) ’yár̃ ítàacée ija miro 55 seed زَرْع‎ (zarʿ) זֶרַע‎ (zeraʿ) ܙܪܥܐ‎ (zarʿâ) zēru ዘርአ (zarʾ),
ብዝር (bəzr) żerriegħa evra, croc řħəbb (< Ar.) írìi (< Kanuri?) garii, saññii iniin, abuur 56 leaf وَرَقَة‎ (waraqa) עָלֶה‎ (ʿâle) ܛܪܦܐ‎ (ṭarpâ) ቈጽል (qʷaṣl) werqa cōve ŧifāšŧ gányée baala caleen 57 root جَذْر‎ (jaðr),
جِذْر‎ (jiðr) שֹׁרֶשׁ‎ (šōreš) ܫܪܫܐ‎ (šeršâ),
ܥܩܪܐ‎ (ʿeqqârâ) šuršu ሥርው (śərw) għerq noune az’wā sâiwáa, jíijíyàa xidid 58 bark (of a tree) قِلْف‎ (qilf) קְלִפָּה‎ (q'lippâ) ܩܠܦܬܐ‎ (qlâftâ) sihpu ቅርፍት (qərəft) qoxra jilif 59 flower زَهْرَة‎ (zahra) פֶּרַח‎ (peraħ) ܗܒܒܐ‎ (habbâvâ) inbu ጽጌ (ṣəgé) fjur pe-hrēre ŧanəwwašŧ fùrée daraaraa ubax 60 grass حَشِيش‎ (ħašīš) דֶּשֶׁא‎ (dešeʾ) ܥܣܒܐ‎ (ʿesbâ) dīšu ሣዕር (śāʿər) ħaxix p-sim arrƀiʕ (< Ar.) cìyáawàa marga caws 61 rope حَبْل‎ (ħabl) חֶבֶל‎ (ħevel) ܚܒܠܐ‎ (ħavlâ) eblu ሐብል (ħabl) ħabel nouh iǧǧi, ŧamriaŧ, asɣun ígíyàa xarig 62 skin جِلْد‎ (jild) עוֹר‎ (ʿōr) ܓܠܕܐ‎ (geldâ) gildu ማእስ (māʾs) ġilda p-šaar ŧiřməšŧ fáatàa gogaa, ittillee maqaar 63 meat لَحْم‎ (laħm) בָּשָׂר‎ (bâśâr) ܒܣܪܐ‎ (besrâ) ţabhu ሥጋ (śəgā) laħam p-af açsum náamàa foon hilib, so' 64 blood دَم‎ (dam) דָּם‎ (dâm) ܕܡܐ‎ (dmâ) dāmu ደም (dam) demm pe-snof iđammən jíníi d'iiga dhiig 65 bone عَظْم‎ (ʿaẓm) עֶצֶם‎ (ʿeṣem) ܓܪܡܐ‎ (garmâ) eṣemtu አፅም (ʿaḍm) għadma p-kas (kaas) iɣəss ƙàshíi lafee laf 66 fat (noun) دُهْن‎ (duhn) חֵלֶב‎ (ħélev) ܕܘܗܢܐ‎ (duhhânâ),
ܫܘܡܢܐ‎ (šumnâ) šamnu መሥብሕ (maśbəħ) ŧađunt máiƙòo moora baruur, caddiin 67 egg بَيْضَة‎ (bayḍa) בֵּיצָה‎ (bêṣâ) ܒܝܥܬܐ‎ (bêʿθâ) አንቆቅሆ (anqoqəho) bajda t-soouhe ŧaməǧǧač ƙwái killee, bup'p'aa ukun 68 horn قَرْن‎ (qarn) קֶרֶן‎ (qeren) ܩܪܢܐ‎ (qarnâ) qarnu ቀርን (qarn) qarn tap išš ƙàhóo gaafa gees 69 tail ذَنَب‎ (ðanab) זָנָב‎ (zânâv) ܕܘܢܒܐ‎ (dunbâ) zibbatu ዘባን (zabān) denb sat ŧanəwwāŧ (< Ar.?) wútsíyàa eegee sayn 70 feather رِيشَة‎ (rīša) נוֹצָה‎ (nōṣâ) ܐܒܪܐ‎ (ʾevrâ) ጸጒር (ṣagʷr) rixa afā gáashìi baal 71 hair شَعْر‎ (šaʿr),
شَعَر‎ (šaʿar) שֵׂעָר‎ (śéʿâr) ܣܥܪܐ‎ (saʿrâ) šārtu ጸጕር (ṣagʷr) xagħar p-fō z’ət’t’u, ašəwwaf gáashìi tin 72 head رَأْس‎ (raʾs) רֹאשׁ‎ (rōš) ܪܝܫܐ‎ (rêšâ) rēšu ርእስ (rəʾəs) ras t-ape (apēue), jō aqəyyua kâi mataa madax 73 ear أُذُن‎ (ʾuðun),
أُذْن‎ (ʾuðn) אֹזֶן‎ (ʾōzen) ܐܕܢܐ‎ (ʾeðnâ) uznu እዝን (ʾəzn) widna p-maaje aməz’z’uɣ, aməžžun kûnnée gurra dheg 74 eye عَيْن‎ (ʿayn) עַיִן‎ (ʿayin) ܥܝܢܐ‎ (ʿaynâ) īnu ዐይን (ʿayn) għajn p-val, eiat ŧit’t’ ídòo ija il 75 nose أَنْف‎ (ʾanf) אַף‎ (ʾaf) ܢܚܝܪܐ‎ (nḥīrâ) appu አንፍ (anf) mnieħer šai, šant ŧinzā háncìi fuññaan san 76 mouth فَم‎ (fam) פֶּה‎ (pe) ܦܘܡܐ‎ (pūmâ) pû አፍ (ʾaf) ħalq t-tapro, rō aqəmmum bàakíi afaan af 77 tooth سِنّ‎ (sinn) שֵׁן‎ (šên) ܫܢܐ‎ (šennâ),
ܟܟܐ‎ (kakkâ) šinnu ስን (sən) sinna šol, najhe ŧiɣməsŧ hákóoríi ilig 78 tongue لِسَان‎ (lisān) לָשׁוֹן‎ (lâšōn) ܠܫܢܐ‎ (leššânâ) lišānu ምልሓስ (məlħās),
ልሳን (ləsān) lsien p-las iřəs hárshèe arraba carrab 79 fingernail ظُفْر‎ (ẓufr) צִפֹּרֶן‎ (ṣippōren) ܛܦܪܐ‎ (ṭefrâ) ṣupru ጽፍር (ṣəfr) difer eiv iššā fárcèe qeensa ciddi 80 foot قَدَم‎ (qadam) כַּף רֶגֶל‎ (kaf reğel) ܥܩܠܐ‎ (ʿaqlâ) šēpu እግር (ʾəgr) sieq t-ouerēte, rat đ’ā ƙáfàa miilla cag 81 leg رِجْل‎ (rijl) רֶגֶל‎ (reğel) ܪܓܠܐ‎ (reğlâ) kimṣu አገዳ (ʾagadā) riġel rat ifaddən ƙáfàa hojjaa, luka lug 82 knee رُكْبَة‎ (rukba) בֶּרֶךְ‎ (berex) ܒܘܪܟܐ‎ (burkâ) birku ብርክ (bərk) rkoppa, rkobba kal, kel, rat fuđ gwíwàa jilba jilib, low 83 hand يَد‎ (yad) יָד‎ (yâð) ܐܝܕܐ‎ (ʾīðâ) qātu እድ (ʾəd) id t-cij, toot fus hánnúu harka gacan 84 wing كَتِف‎ (katif),
كَنَف‎ (kanaf),
جَنَاح‎ (janāħ) כָּנָף‎ (kânâf) ܟܢܦܐ‎ (kenfâ) kappu ክንፍ (kənf) ġewnaħ tᵊnh afriw fíffíkèe baal 85 belly بَطْن‎ (baṭn) בֶּטֶן‎ (beṭen) ܒܛܢܐ‎ (baṭnâ),
ܟܪܣܐ‎ (karsâ) libbu ከርሥ (karś) żaqq t-hē, hēt aʕəddis cíkìi calool 86 guts أَمْعَاء‎ (ʾamʿāʾ) מֵעַיִם‎ (mêʿayim) ܡܥܝܐ‎ (mʿayyâ),
ܓܘܐ‎ (gawwâ) erru አማዑት (amāʿut) maht, meht ađan, ƀururu hánjíi mar'umaan mindhicir, xiidmo 87 neck رَقَبَة‎ (raqaba) צַוָּאר‎ (ṣawwâr) ܨܘܪܐ‎ (ṣawrâ),
ܩܕܠܐ‎ (qðâlâ) kišādu, labiānu ክሳድ (kəsād) għonq p-makh iri wúyàa qoosee quur, luqun, sur 88 back ظَهْر‎ (ẓahr) גַּב‎ (gav) ܚܨܐ‎ (ħaṣṣâ) šašallu ድኅር (dəḫr) dahar jise aʕrua báayáa dugda dhabar, duud 89 breast صَدْر‎ (ṣadr) חָזֶה‎ (ħâze) ܬܕܐ‎ (tðâ),
ܚܕܝܐ‎ (ħaðyâ) irtu እንግደኣ (əngədaʾā) sider t-ekive ibbəš nóonòo harma naas 90 heart لُبّ‎ (lubb),
قَلْب‎ (qalb) לֵב‎ (lêv),
לֵבָב‎ (lêvâv) ܠܒܐ‎ (lebbâ) libbu ልብ (ləbb) qalb p-hēt, htē uř zúucìyáa onnee laab, wadne 91 liver كَبِد‎ (kabid) כָּבֵד‎ (kâvêð) ܟܒܕܐ‎ (kavdâ) kabattu ከብድ (kabd) ŧsa hántàa tiruu tiro, beer 92 to drink شَرِبَ‎ (šariba) שָׁתָה‎ (šâθâ) ܫܬܐ‎ (štâ) šatû ሰትየ (satya),
ሠረበ (śaraba) xorob sō su, ħřu sháa dhug- cab, dhan 93 to eat أَكَلَ‎ (ʾakala) אָכַל‎ (ʾâxal) ܐܟܠ‎ (ʾexal) akālu በልዐ (balʿa) kiel ouōm šš cí cun 94 to bite عَضَّ‎ (ʿaḍḍa) נָשַׁךְ‎ (nâšax) ܢܟܬ‎ (nxaθ) našāku ነከሰ (nakasa) gidem cìizáa qaniin 95 to suck مَصَّ‎ (maṣṣa) מָצַץ‎ (mâṣaṣ) ܡܨ‎ (mâṣ) enēqu መጸ (maṣṣa),
ጠበወ (ṭabawa (breast)) hod'a, t'uut'a nuug, dhuuq 96 to spit بَصَقَ‎ (baṣaqa) יָרַק‎ (yâraq) ܪܩ‎ (râq) ተፍአ (tafʾa),
ወረቀ (waraqa) beżaq tóofàa tuf tuf 97 to vomit تَقَيَّأَ‎ (taqayyaʾa) הֵקִיא‎ (hêqīʾ) ܓܥܛ‎ (gʿaṭ) arû ቄአ (qeʾa) arr yí ámái matag, hunqaac 98 to blow نَفَخَ‎ (nafaxa) נָפַח‎ (nâfaħ) ܢܦܚ‎ (nfaħ) napāxu ነፍኀ (nafḫa) nefaħ afuufa, buufa afuuf, buufi 99 to breathe تَنَفَّسَ‎ (tanaffasa) נָשַׁם‎ (nâšam) ܢܦܫ‎ (nfaš),
ܢܫܡ‎ (nšam) napāšu አንፈሰ (ʾanfasa) arr nnəfs yí númfáashíi neefsi 100 to laugh ضَحِكَ‎ (ḍaħika) צָחַק‎ (ṣâħaq) ܓܚܟ‎ (għex) ṣuxxu ጸሐቀ (ṣaħaqa) daħak, daħaq đ’ħəš (< Ar.) dàaríyáa kolfa qosol 101 to see رَأَى‎ (raʿā) רָאָה‎ (râʿâ) ܚܙܐ‎ (ħzâ) amāru ርእየ (rəʾya) ra nau e z’ā gáníi arga arag 102 to hear سَمِعَ‎ (samiʿa) שָׁמַע‎ (šâmaʿ) ܫܡܥ‎ (šmaʿ) šemû ሰምዐ (samʿa) sema', sama' sōtᵊm e səř jí dhaga'a maqal 103 to know عَرَفَ‎ (ʿarafa) יָדַע‎ (yâðaʿ) ܝܕܥ‎ (yðaʿ) idû የድዐ (yadʿa),
አእመረ (ʾaʾmara) jaf, għaraf eime ssən sánìi beek- garasho, ogaal, aqoon 104 to think فَكَرَ‎ (fakara) חָשַׁב‎ (ħâšav) ܚܫܒ‎ (ħšav) ሐሸበ (ħašaba),
ሐለየ (ħalaya) ħaseb meeue yo tunaanii male, feker 105 to smell شَمَّ‎ (šamma) הֵרִיחַ‎ (hêrīaħ) ܡܚ‎ (maħ),
ܣܩ‎ (saq) ešēnu ጼነው (ṣénaw) xamm ur 106 to fear خَافَ‎ (xāfa) יָרֵא‎ (yârêʾ),
פָּחַד‎ (pâħað) ܕܚܠ‎ (dħel),
ܟܘܪ‎ (kwar) palāxu, šaxātu ፈርሀ (farha) beża' ᵊr hote ŧiggwđi tsòoróo na'a nax, baqdin, cabsi 107 to sleep نَامَ‎ (nāma) יָשֵׁן‎ (yâšén),
נָם‎ (nâm) ܕܡܟ‎ (dmex),
ܢܡ‎ (nâm) šalālu ኖመ (noma) raqad hinēv t’t’əs yí bárcíi rafa hurdo 108 to live عَاشَ‎ (ʿāša) חַי‎ (ħay) ܚܝܐ‎ (ħyâ) balāṭu ሐይወ (ħaywa) għex ou- zđəɣ dà râi raaga nool 109 to die مَاتَ‎ (māta) מֵת‎ (mêθ) ܡܝܬ‎ (mêθ) mâtu miet moout mməŧ mútù du'a dhimo, amuud 110 to kill قَتَلَ‎ (qatala) הָרַג‎ (hârağ),
קָטַל‎ (qâṭal) ܩܛܠ‎ (qṭal) dâku ቀተለ (qatala) qatel mouout nəɣ káshèe qooma, ajjeesa, qala dil 111 to fight قَاتَلَ‎ (qātala) רָב‎ (râv) ܟܬܫ‎ (kθaš) ተበአሰ (tabaʾasa) iġġieled mmnəɣ yí fáɗàa dagaal, dirir 112 to hunt صَادَ‎ (ṣāda) צָד‎ (ṣâð) ܨܝܕ‎ (ṣêð) ṣâdu adama ugaarsi 113 to hit ضَرَبَ‎ (ḍaraba) הִכָּה‎ (hikkâ) ܡܚܐ‎ (mħâ),
ܢܩܫ‎ (nqaš) naṭû dhufo 114 to cut قَطَعَ‎ (qaṭaʿa) כָרַת‎ (kâraθ),
חָתַך‎ (ħâθax) ܓܕܡ‎ (gðam),
ܩܛܥ‎ (qṭaʿ) nakāsu qata' goy, jar 115 to split شَقَّ‎ (šaqqa) בָּקַע‎ (bâqaʿ),
קָרַע‎ (qâraʿ),
חִלֵּק‎ (ħillêq) ܫܪܩ‎ (šraq),
ܦܕܥ‎ (paddaʿ),
ܦܪܬ‎ (parreθ) nesû, šalātu ሸጸረ (šaṣara) qasam jeex, tariiq 116 to stab طَعَنَ‎ (ṭaʿana) דָּקַר‎ (dâqar) ܕܓܫ‎ (dğaš) ደጐጸ (dagwaṣa) toorey 117 to scratch خَدَشَ‎ (xadaša) שָׂרַט‎ (śâraṭ) ܚܟ‎ (ħax),
ܣܪܛ‎ (sraṭ) xarāsu ሐንፈጠ (ħanfaṭa) giref xoq 118 to dig حَفَرَ‎ (ħafara) חָפַר‎ (ħâfar) ܚܦܪ‎ (ħfar) napālu, xerû ħaffer qod 119 to swim سَبَحَ‎ (sabaħa) שָׂחָה‎ (śâħâ) ܣܚܐ‎ (sħâ) ጸበተ (ṣabata),
ጸበየ (ṣabaya) għam fđəħ yí íyóo daaka dabaal 120 to fly طَارَ‎ (ṭāra) עָף‎ (ʿâf) ܦܪܚ‎ (praħ) tar đ’u, fāfā (< Ar.?) táashì barara, barrisa duul, buub 121 to walk مَشَى‎ (mašā) הָלַךְ‎ (hâlax) ܗܠܟ‎ (hallex) ሖረ (ħora) mexa mooše uyua tàfí adeema dareer, socod 122 to come جَاءَ‎ (jāʾa),
بَاءَ‎ (bāʾa),
أَتَى‎ (ʾatā) בָּא‎ (bâ) ܐܬܐ‎ (ʾeθâ) ṭexû መጽአ (maṣʾa) ġie ei as zóo dhuf- imaansho 123 to lie (recline) رَقَدَ‎ (raqada) שָׁכַב‎ (šâxav) ܫܟܒ‎ (šxev),
ܡܟ‎ (max) utulu ሰከበ (sakaba) gideb ᵊnkotk zzəř, bbuzzəř kwántàa c'iisa seexo, jiif 124 to sit جَلَسَ‎ (jalasa) יָשַׁב‎ (yâšav) ܝܬܒ‎ (yθev) wašābu ነበረ (nabara) qagħad, qiegħed hmoos qqim záunàa fadhi 125 to stand وَقَفَ‎ (waqafa) עָמַד‎ (ʿâmað) ܬܪܨ‎ (traṣ) izuzzu waqaf ōhe ahe, aherat ƀədd táashì ijaaja, d'aabad'd'a joogsi, istaag 126 to turn دَارَ‎ (dāra) פָּנָה‎ (pânâ) ܦܢܐ‎ (pnâ),
ܥܛܦ‎ (ʿṭaf) saxāru ሜጠ (méṭa) dar pōōne, peene, kto qřəƀ (< Ar.) máyár̃ dà taaya wareeg, jeed 127 to fall وَقَعَ‎ (waqaʿa) נָפַל‎ (nâfal) ܢܦܠ‎ (nfal) maqātu ወድቀ (wadqa) waqa' he hēu wđ’a fáaɗì dhac 128 to give أَعْطَى‎ (ʾaʿṭā) נָתַן‎ (nâθan) ܝܗܒ‎ (y(h)av),
ܢܬܠ‎ (nettel) nadānu ta taa, to, ti əwš báa kenna siin 129 to hold أَخَذَ‎ (ʾaxaða) אָחַז‎ (ʾâħaz) ܐܚܕ‎ (ʾeħað) naṣāru አኸዘ (ʾaxaza) żamm qabo 130 to squeeze عَصَرَ‎ (ʿaṣara) לָחַץ‎ (lâħaṣ) ܩܡܛ‎ (qmaṭ),
ܥܨܪ‎ (ʿṣar) mazû għafas tuuji, marooji 131 to rub حَكَّ‎ (ħakka) שִׁפְשֵׁף‎ (šifšêf),
מָרַח‎ (mâraħ) ܫܦ‎ (šaf),
ܚܟ‎ (ħax) lapātu għorok mar, xoq 132 to wash غَسَلَ‎ (ğasala) רָחַץ‎ (râħaṣ),
שָׁטַף‎ (šâṭap) ܚܠܠ‎ (ħallel),
ܦܝܥ‎ (payyaʿ) ramāku ħasel ei- ssiađ, ssřiř wánkèe dhaq 133 to wipe مَحَا‎ (maħā) מָחָה‎ (mâħâ),
נִגֵּב‎ (niggêv) ܟܦܪ‎ (kfar) kapāru għorok tirtir 134 to pull جَرَّ‎ (jarra) מָשַׁךְ‎ (mâšax) ܓܪܫ‎ (graš) ġibed sōk, sek žar’r’ (< Ar.) jáa harkisa jiid 135 to push دَفَعَ‎ (dafaʿa) דָּחַף‎ (dâħaf) ܙܥܦ‎ (zʿaf) imbotta ʕān túuràa dhiib- riix 136 to throw رَمَى‎ (ramā) רָמָה‎ (râmâ), הִשְׁלִיךְ‎ (hišlīx) ܪܡܐ‎ (rmâ) nadû tefa', xeħet tuur, xoor, gan 137 to tie رَبَطَ‎ (rabaṭa) קָשַׁר‎ (qâšar) ܐܣܪ‎ (ʾesar), ܩܛܪ‎ (qṭar) kaṣāru, rakāsu, ṣamādu rabat xir 138 to sew خَاطَ‎ (xāṭa) תָּפַר‎ (tâfar) ܚܛ‎ (ħâṭ) ħiet torp, ōth, jōlk xəyyəđ’ (< Ar.) ɗínkàa erba tol 139 to count عَدَّ‎ (ʿadda) מָנָה‎ (mânâ), סָפַר‎ (sâfar) ܡܢܐ‎ (mnâ) manû ቀመር (qamar) għadd tiri 140 to say قَالَ‎ (qāla) אָמַר‎ (ʾâmar) ܐܡܪ‎ (ʾemar) qabû qal šaje ini cêe, fáɗìi jedh- dheh, oro 141 to sing غَنَّى‎ (ğannā) שָׁר‎ (šâr), רַן‎ (rân), זִמֵּר‎ (zimmêr) ܙܡܪ‎ (zmar) zamāru għanna hees 142 to play لَعِبَ‎ (laʿiba) שִׂחֵק‎ (śiħêq) ܫܥܐ‎ (šaʿʿê) mēlelu lagħab ciyaar, dheel 143 to float عَامَ‎ (ʿāma),
طَفَا‎ (ṭāfa) שָׁט‎ (šâṭ),
צָף‎ (ṣâf) ܛܦ‎ (ṭaf) għam sabbey 144 to flow تَدَفَّقَ‎ (tadaffaqa) זָרַם‎ (zâram) ܪܕܐ‎ (rðâ),
ܫܚܠ‎ (šħal) alāku qulqul 145 to freeze جَمَدَ‎ (jamada) קָפָא‎ (qâfa) ܓܠܕ‎ (gleð),
ܩܪܫ‎ (qraš) barafey 146 to swell وَرِمَ‎ (warima) הִתְנַפֵּחַ‎ (hiθnappêaħ) ܙܘܐ‎ (zwâ),
ܥܒܐ‎ (ʿvâ) barar 147 sun شَمْس‎ (šams) שֶׁמֶשׁ‎ (šemeš) ܫܡܫܐ‎ (šemšâ) šamšu xemx p-rē ŧfušŧ ráanáa aduu, biiftuu qorrax, cadceed 148 moon قَمَر‎ (qamar) יָרֵחַ‎ (yârêaħ) ܣܗܪܐ‎ (sahrâ) sîn, warxu ወርሕ (wärḥ) qamar p-ooh yua, ŧaziri wátàa baatii, ji'a dayax 149 star نَجْم‎ (najm),
كَوْكَب‎ (kawkab) כּוֹכָב‎ (kōxâv) ܟܘܟܒܐ‎ (kawkvâ) kakkabu ኮከብ (kokab) kewkba p-siou iŧri tàuràaróo urjii xiddig 150 water مَاء‎ (māʾ) מַיִם‎ (mayim) ܡܝܐ‎ (mayyâ) mû ilma p-moou aman rúwáa bisaan, madda biyo 151 rain مَطَر‎ (maṭar) מָטָר‎ (mâṭâr),
גֶּשֶׁם‎ (gešem) ܡܛܪܐ‎ (meṭrâ) zunnu xita p-hōou, p-mouᵊnhōou; hi moou (v.) anz’ā rúwán sámàa roob 152 river نَهْر‎ (nahr),
نَهَر‎ (nahar) נָהָר‎ (nâhâr) ܢܗܪܐ‎ (nahrâ) nāru ተከዚ (takazi) xmara p-eiero (ierōou) iɣzā kòogíi laga webi 153 lake بُحَيْرَة‎ (buħayra) אֲגַם‎ (ʾağam) ܝܡܬܐ‎ (yammθâ) ባሕር (baḥr) għadira ařimam, ŧanda táfkìi haro, yamays 154 sea بَحْر‎ (baħr),
يَمّ‎ (yamm) יָם‎ (yâm) ܝܡܐ‎ (yammâ) tâmtu ባሕር (bāħr) baħar θalassa (< Greek) řəƀħā (< Ar.) tèekú (< Songhay) galaana bad 155 salt مِلْح‎ (milħ) מֶלַח‎ (melaħ) ܡܠܚܐ‎ (melħâ) ṭabtu ጸው (ṣaw) melħ pe-hmou ŧaməǧǧaħŧ (< Ar.) gíshíríi aššaboo, soogidda cusbo 156 stone حَجَر‎ (ħajar) אֶבֶן‎ (ʾeven) ܟܐܦܐ‎ (kêfâ),
ܐܒܢܐ‎ (ʾavnâ),
ܫܘܥܐ‎ (šōʿâ) abnu እብን (ʾəbn) ġebla, ħaġra p-ōne az’r’u dúutsèe d'agaa dhagax, shiid 157 sand رَمْل‎ (raml) חוֹל‎ (ħōl) ܚܠܐ‎ (ħâlâ) ኾጻ (xoṣā) ramel šō ižđi yàashíi, ƙásáa ciid, bacaad 158 dust غُبَار‎ (ğubār) אָבָק‎ (ʾâvâq) ܐܒܩܐ‎ (ʾavqâ),
ܕܩܬܐ‎ (deqtâ) eperu መሬት (marét) trab šoeiš, šic ŧaɣəbbā’ŧ (< Ar.) ƙùuráa awaara bus, boor 159 earth أَرْض‎ (ʾarḍ) אֶרֶץ‎ (ʾereṣ) ܐܪܥܐ‎ (ʾarʿâ) erṣetu ምድር (mədr) art p-kah šař ƙásáa biyyoo dhul 160 cloud سَحَابَة‎ (saħāba) עָנָן‎ (ʿânân) ܥܢܢܐ‎ (ʿnânâ),
ܥܝܡܐ‎ (ʿaymâ),
ܥܝܒܐ‎ (ʿaybâ) erpetu ደመና (damanā) sħaba te-kloole asiynu, ŧažnawŧ gàajìmàarée duumessa hogol, daruur 161 fog ضَبَاب‎ (ḍabāb) עֲרָפֶל‎ (ʿarâfel) ܥܪܦܠܐ‎ (ʿarpellâ) ጊሜ (gimé) żrinġ hlostᵊn ŧayyuŧ házóo ciiryaamo 162 sky سَمَاء‎ (samāʾ) שָׁמַיִם‎ (šâmayim) ܫܡܝܐ‎ (šmayyâ) šamû sema t-pe (pēue) ažənna sámà (< Ar.) waaqa cir 163 wind رِيح‎ (rīħ) רוּחַ‎ (rūaħ) ܪܘܚܐ‎ (rūħâ) šāru riħ p-tēu asəmmiđ’ ískàa qilleensa dabayl 164 snow ثَلْج‎ (θalj) שֶׁלֶג‎ (šeleğ) ܬܠܓܐ‎ (talgâ) šalgu ሐመዳ (ħamadā) borra, silġ ađfəř ƙànƙáráa c'abbii baraf (< Persian) 165 ice ثَلْج‎ (θalj),
جَلِيد‎ (jalīd) קֶרַח‎ (qeraħ) ܓܠܝܕܐ‎ (glīðâ) አስሐትያ (ʾäsḥätya) silġ ažris ƙànƙáráa c'abbii baraf 166 smoke دُخَان‎ (duxān) עָשָׁן‎ (ʿâšân) ܬܢܢܐ‎ (tennânâ) qutru ጢስ (ṭis) duħħan lᵊhōv ddəxxan (< Ar.) háyáaûíi aara uun, qaac, qiiq 167 fire نَار‎ (nār) אֵשׁ‎ (ʾêš) ܢܘܪܐ‎ (nūrâ),
ܐܫܬܐ‎ (ʾeššâθâ) išātu እሳት (ʾəsāt) nar p-kōhᵊt ŧiməssi wútáa bobaa, giimii, ibidda dab, oog 168 ash رَمَاد‎ (ramād) אֵפֶר‎ (ʾêfer) ܩܛܡܐ‎ (qeṭmâ) didallu, ṭikmēnu ሐመድ (ħamad) kᵊrmes iɣɣəđ tòokáa barbadaa dambas 169 burn (intrans.) حَرَقَ‎ (ħaraqa) בָּעַר‎ (bâʿar) ܝܩܕ‎ (yqað) napāxu ħaraq tᵊmho šməđ’ ƙóonèe gub 170 road طَرِيق‎ (ṭarīq) דֶּרֶךְ‎ (derex) ܐܘܪܚܐ‎ (ʾurħâ) xūlu triq te-hiē (hiooue) aƀriđ hányàa waddo, jid, surin, tub,
wadiiqo, dhabbe, marin 171 mountain جَبَل‎ (jabal) ‎הַר‎‎ (har) ܛܘܪܐ‎ (ṭūrâ) šadû ደብር (dabr) muntanja toou ađrā, ađmā tsáunìi, dúutsèe, túdùu gaara buur 172 red (adj.) أَحْمَر‎ m (ʾaħmar),
حَمْرَاء‎‎ f (ħamrāʾ) אָדֹם‎ m (ʾâðōm),
אֲדֻמָּה‎ f (ʾaðummâ) ܣܘܡܩܐ‎ m (summâqâ),
ܣܘܡܩܬܐ‎ f (summâqtâ) ruššû, pēlu ቀይሕ (qayħ) aħmar m, ħamra f,
ħomor pl torš azəggwaɣ jáa diimaa casaan, gaduud 173 green (adj.) أَخْضَر‎ m (ʾaxḍar),
خَضْرَاء‎‎ f (xaḍrāʾ) יָרֹק‎ m (yârōq),
יְרֻקָּה‎ f (y'ruqqâ) ܝܘܪܩܐ‎ m (yurrâqâ),
ܝܘܪܩܬܐ‎ f (yurrâqtâ) warqu ሐመልሚል (ħamalmil) aħdar m, ħadra f,
ħodor pl ouōt, ouet aziyza tsánwáa, kóor̃èe bifa margaa cagaar 174 yellow (adj.) أَصْفَر‎ m (ʾaṣfar),
صَفْرَاء‎‎ f (ṣafrāʾ) צָהֹב‎ m (ṣâhōv),
צְהֻבָּה‎ f (ṣ'hubbâ) ܫܥܘܬܢܝܐ‎ m (šâʿūθânâyâ),
ܫܥܘܬܢܝܬܐ‎ f (šâʿūθânâytâ) warqu ዘፍራ (zafrā) isfar m, safra f,
sofor pl awr’aɣ ràawáyàa boora huruud, cawl,
jaalle (< Italian) 175 white (adj.) أَبْيَض‎ m (ʾabyaḍ),
بَيْضَاء‎‎ f (bayḍāʾ) לָבָן‎ m (lâvân),
לְבָנָה‎‎ f (l'vânâ) ܚܘܪܐ‎ m (ħewwârâ),
ܚܘܪܬܐ‎ f (ħewwârtâ) peṣû ጸዐዳ (ṣaʿadā),
ጻዕዳ (ṣāʿdā) abjad m, bajda f,
bojod pl ouovš ašəmřař fáríi adii caddaan 176 black (adj.) أَسْوَد‎ m (ʾaswad),
سَوْدَاء‎‎ f (sawdāʾ) שָׁחֹר‎ m (šâħōr),
שְׁחֹרָה‎ f (š'ħōrâ) ܐܘܟܡܐ‎ m (ʾukkâmâ),
ܐܘܟܡܬܐ‎ m (ʾukkâmtâ) ṣalmu ጸሊም (ṣalim) iswed m, sewda f,
suwed pl kēm aƀāršan báƙíi gur'aaccaa madow 177 night لَيْل‎ (layl) לַיְלָה‎ (laylâ) ܠܠܝܐ‎ (lêlyâ) mūšu ሌሊት (lélit) lejl te-(o)ušē ǧǧiřəŧ (< Ar.) dárée halkan habeen 178 day يَوْم‎ (yawm) יוֹם‎ (yōm) ܝܘܡܐ‎ (yawmâ) ūmu ዕለት (ʿəlat) jum pe-hoou nhā (< Ar.) ráanáa guyyaa maalin, dharaar 179 year سَنَة‎ (sana) שָׁנָה‎ (šânâ) ܫܢܬܐ‎ (ša(n)tâ) šattu ዓም (ʿām),
ዓመት (ʿāmat) sena te-rompe (rᵊmpooue) asəggwas shèeƙáràa, shèekáràa bara, waggaa sannad (< Ar.), kal,
shin, gu' 180 warm دَافِئ‎ (dāfiʾ) חַם‎ (ħam) ܫܚܝܢܐ‎ (šaħħīnâ) ምውቅ (məwq) sħun buluqaa, o'aa qandac, diiran 181 cold بَارِد‎ (bārid) קַר‎ (qar) ܩܪܝܪܐ‎ (qarrīrâ) kaṣû ቍር (qwər) kiesaħ orš asəmmađ’ mài ɗáaríi, mài sányíi qorraa qabow 182 full مُمْتَلِئ‎ (mumtaliʾ) מָלֵא‎ (mâlē) ܡܠܝܐ‎ (malyâ) malû ምሉእ (məluʾ) mimli buux 183 new جَدِيد‎ (jadīd),
حَدِيث‎ (ħadīθ) חָדָשׁ‎ (ħâðâš) ܚܕܬܐ‎ (ħa(ð)θâ) eššu ġdid vᵊrre žžđiđ (< Ar.) sáabóo haaraa cusub 184 old قَدِيم‎ (qadīm) יָשָׁן‎ (yâšân) ܥܬܝܩܐ‎ (ʿattīqâ) (thing),
ܣܒܐ‎ (sâvâ) (person) labru, šību qadim (thing), xiħ (person) as aməqqr’an, awəssā tsóohóo moofaa duug 185 good طَيِّب‎ (ṭayyib) טוֹב‎ (ṭōv) ܛܒܐ‎ (ṭâvâ) ṭābu ኼር (xér) tajjeb nanou fiican, wanaagsan 186 bad سَيِّئ‎ (sayyiʾ) רַע‎ (raʿ) ܒܝܫܐ‎ (bīšâ) lemnu እኩይ (ʾəkuy) ħażin hoou xun 187 rotten مُتَعَفِّن‎ (mutaʿaffin) רָקוּב‎ (râqūv) ܒܩܝܩܐ‎ (bqīqâ) masku bud'uq jed'a qurun 188 dirty قَذِر‎ (qaðir),
وَسِخ‎ (wasix) מְלֻכְלָךְ‎ (m'luxlâx) ܫܘܚܬܢܐ‎ (šuħtânâ) waršu maħmuġ dhusukh, uskag 189 straight مُسْتَقِيم‎ (mustaqīm) יָשָׁר‎ (yâšâr) ܬܪܝܨܐ‎ (trīṣâ) ešru toos, turuus 190 round مُسْتَدِير‎ (mustadīr) עָגֹל‎ (ʿâğul) ܚܘܕܪܢܝܐ‎ (ħuðrânâyâ) kippatu tond wareeg 191 sharp حَادّ‎ (ħadd) חַד‎ (ħað) ܚܪܝܦܐ‎ (ħarrifâ) afle 192 dull ثَلِم‎ (θalim) קֵהֶה‎ (qêhe) ܩܗܝܐ‎ (qahyâ) damiin 193 smooth نَاعِم‎ (nāʿim) חָלָק‎ (ħâlâq) ܦܫܝܩܐ‎ (pšīqâ) artab dabac 194 wet رَطْب‎ (raṭb) רָטֹב‎ (râṭōv),
רָטוּב‎ (râṭūv) ܪܛܝܒܐ‎ (raṭṭīvâ),
ܬܠܝܠܐ‎ (tallīlâ) raṭbu mxarrab jiid'aa qoyan 195 dry جَافّ‎ (jāff),
يَابِس‎ (yābis) יָבֵשׁ‎ (yâvêš) ܝܒܝܫܐ‎ (yabbīšâ) ablu niexef qallal, engag 196 correct صَحِيح‎ (ṣaħīħ) נָכוֹן‎ (nâxōn) ܬܪܝܨܐ‎ (trīṣâ) damqu ራትዕ (ratʿ) sewwa saxan, toosan 197 near قَرِيب‎ (qarīb) קָרוֹב‎ (qârōv) ܩܪܝܒܐ‎ (qarrīvâ) ṭexû qrib, ħdejn hōn, hēn ađəs kúsá d'i'oo dhow 198 far بَعِيد‎ (baʿīd) רָחוֹק‎ (râħōq) ܪܚܝܩܐ‎ (raħħīqâ) nešû ርሑቅ (rəħuq) bogħod oue ggwəž níisá fagoo fag 199 right يَمِين‎ (yamīn) יָמִין‎ (yâmīn) ܝܡܝܢܐ‎ (yammīnâ) imittu የመን (yaman) lemin te-(o)unam afusi, yəffus dáamá mirga midig 200 left شِمَال‎ (šimāl),
يَسَار‎ (yasār) שְׂמֹאל‎ (ś'mōl) ܣܡܠܐ‎ (semmâlâ) šumēlu ጸጋም (ṣagām) xellug te-hvour az’əřmađ’, z’əřməđ’ hágú bitaa bidix, gur 201 at عِنْدَ‎ (ʿinda) בְּ־‎ (b'-) ܒ-‎ (b-/ba-),
ܠܘܬ‎ (lwâθ) għand ag 202 in فِي‎ (fī),
بِ‎ (bi-) בְּ־‎ (b'-) ܒ-‎ (b-/ba-) ina (ba-) fi ku.. 203 with مَعَ‎ (maʿa),
بِ‎ (bi-) אֵת‎ (ʾêθ),
בְּ־‎ (b'-),
עִם‎ (ʿim) ܥܡ‎ (ʿam),
ܒ-‎ (b-/ba-) ma' la 204 and وَ‎ (wa-) וְ־‎‎ (w'-) ܘ-‎ (w-/wa-) u u nem oo, iyo 205 if لَوْ‎ (law),
إِذَا‎ (ʾiðā),
إِن‎ (ʾin) אִם‎ (ʾim) ܐܢ‎ (ʾen) šumma jekk haddii, lacalla 206 because بِسَبَبِ‎ (bi-sababi),
لِأَنَّ‎ (liʾanna) בִּגְלַל‎ (biğlal),
מִפְּנֵי‎ (mipp'nê) -ܡܛܠ ܕ‎ (meṭṭol d-/da-),
ܒܥܠܬ‎ (bʿellaθ) aššum għax illeen, maxaayeelay 207 name إِسْم‎ (ʾism) שֵׁם‎ (šêm) ܫܡܐ‎ (šmâ) šumu ስም (səm) isem p-ran isəm (< Ar.) súunáa maqaa magac

References[edit]

  • Eccles, Lance. A short English-Coptic classified vocabulary with illustrative sentences.
  • Smith, Richard. 1999. A Concise Coptic-English Lexicon, 2nd Edition. Society of Biblical Literature
  • Tarifiyt Berber (World Loanword Database)
  • Hausa (World Loanword Database)
  • Gragg, Gene B. 1982. Oromo Dictionary. Monograph (Michigan State University. Committee on Northeast African Studies) no. 12. East Lansing, MI: African Studies Center, Michigan State University.
  • Somach, Susan D. 2000. English - Somali Phrasebook with Useful Wordlist. Washington D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

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