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面 - Wiktionary

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to search See also: , , , and U+9762, 面 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9762 ← 靡
[U+9761]
CJK Unified Ideographs 靣 →
[U+9763]

Contents

Translingual[edit]

Traditional Shinjitai Simplified Stroke order

Han character[edit]

See images of
Radical 176 面

(radical 176, +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一田尸中 (MWSL) or 一田卜中 (MWYL), four-corner 10600, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #176, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1383, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42618
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1896, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4398, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9762

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character 面 ShangShuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Oracle bone scriptSmall seal script Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) Old Chinese *men *menʔ *menʔ *menʔ *menʔ, *mens *menʔ *mens *meːns

Pictogram (象形), A mans face, with an eye exaggerated, derived from 𦣻.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms𫩑 (second-round simplified)

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-myal (“face”). Cognate with (OC *menʔ, *mens, “to turn; to violate”), which is the endoactive of (“face”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • méng - vernacular;
  • miêng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • bīn - vernacular;
    • biān - literary.
    Note: mêng7 - Jieyang.
    Rime Character Reading #1/1 Initial (聲) (4) Final (韻) (77) Tone (調)Departing (H) Openness (開合)Open Division (等)III Fanqie切 Reconstructions Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /miᴇnH/ Pan
    Wuyun
    /miɛnH/ Shao
    Rongfen
    /mjænH/ Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mianH/ Li
    Rong
    /miɛnH/ Wang
    Li
    /mĭɛnH/ Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯ɛnH/ Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    miàn BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014) Character Reading #1/1 Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    miàn Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjienH › Old
    Chinese
    /*C.me[n]-s/ Englishface

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary. Zhengzhang system (2003) Character Reading #1/1 No.9098 Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mens/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. face (Classifier: c)
    2. surface; plane
    3. aspect; side; respect
    4. side; dimension
    5. to face

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (face):
    edit Synonyms of 面 Dialectal synonyms of (“face”) [map] VarietyLocationWords edit Classical Chinese, Formal (Written Standard Chinese) MandarinBeijing Taiwan Tianjin Harbin Hailar 臉蛋子 Ulanhot 臉蛋子 Tongliao 臉蛋子 Chifeng Bayanhot Jinan Muping Luoyang Wanrong Xi'an Xining Xuzhou , 臉兒, 臉膛子 Yinchuan Lanzhou Ürümqi Wuhan Chengdu Guiyang Guilin Liuzhou Yangzhou Nanjing Hefei CantoneseGuangzhou Hong Kong Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) Taishan Dongguan Yangjiang Nanning Wuzhou Yulin Hepu Kuala Lumpur GanNanchang Lichuan Pingxiang HakkaMeixian Xingning Huidong (Daling) Qujiang Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) Luchuan Changting Pingyu Wuping Liancheng Ninghua Yudu 面盤 Ruijin Shicheng Shangyou Miaoli (N. Sixian) Liudui (S. Sixian) Hsinchu (Hailu) Dongshi (Dabu) Hsinchu (Raoping) Yunlin (Zhao'an) Hong Kong Sabah , 面鉢 Senai 面鉢 Singkawang HuizhouJixi JinTaiyuan Xinzhou Baochang Jining Hohhot Baotou Dongsheng 眉眼 Linhe Haibowan Min BeiJian'ou Min DongFuzhou Fuqing , 面䫌 Matsu Min NanXiamen Quanzhou Zhangzhou Taipei Kaohsiung Tainan Taichung Hsinchu Lukang Sanxia Yilan Kinmen Magong Penang Singapore Philippines (Manila) Pingnan (Shangdu) Chaozhou Johor Bahru Haikou Leizhou Puxian MinPutian PinghuaNanning (Tingzi) Guilin (Dahe) WuShanghai 面孔, 面顴 Suzhou 面孔 Hangzhou , 臉孔 Wenzhou 面股, Chongming 面孔 Danyang 面孔 Jinhua , 面孔 Ningbo 面孔 XiangChangsha Shuangfeng Loudi Quanzhou

    Compounds[edit]

    Derived terms from 面

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“flour; dough; etc.”).
    (This character, 面, is the simplified form of 麵.) Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    See also: Category:Japanese terms spelled with 面

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. mask
    2. face
    3. features
    4. surface

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Compounds Japanese Wikipedia has an article on: Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term めん
    Grade: 3 on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana めん, rōmaji men)

    1. face
      面 (めん)あり!
      Men ari!
      (kendo) Face hit!
    2. surface
    3. mask
      天狗 (てんぐ)のお面 (めん)
      tengu no o-men
      tengu mask
    4. page

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term おもて
    Grade: 3 kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おもて, rōmaji omote) (alternative reading hiragana おも, rōmaji omo)

    1. face
    Derived terms[edit]
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term つら
    Grade: 3 kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana つら, rōmaji tsura)

    1. face
    2. surface
    3. mask
    4. page
    Derived terms[edit]
    Derived terms

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana づら, rōmaji -zura)

    1. -looking

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (nat myeon))
    (eumhun 얼굴 (eolgul myeon))

    1. (geography) township
    2. face
    3. side

    References[edit]

    [endic.naver.com]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (diện)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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