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社 - Wiktionary

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to searchU+793E, 社 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-793E ← 礽
[U+793D]
CJK Unified Ideographs 礿 →
[U+793F]

Contents

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order

Han character[edit]

(radical 113, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈火土 (IFG), four-corner 34210, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 839, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24631
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1257, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2386, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+793E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character 社 Warring StatesShuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Bronze inscriptionsChu Slip and silk scriptQin slip scriptAncient scriptSmall seal scriptTranscribed ancient scripts Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) Old Chinese *ɦljaːʔ *ʔl'aːʔ, *l'aːʔ *l̥ʰaːʔ, *l'aːʔ *l̥ʰaːʔ, *l̥ʰaːs *l̥ʰaːʔ *l'aːʔ *l'aːʔ *l'aːʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data▼
VarietyLocationedit 社 MandarinBeijing/ʂɤ⁵¹/ Harbin/ʂɤ⁵³/ Tianjin/ʂɤ⁵³/
/sɤ⁵³/ Jinan/ʂə²¹/ Qingdao/ʃə⁴²/ Zhengzhou/ʂʐ̩ɛ³¹²/ Xi'an/ʂɤ⁴⁴/ Xining/ʂɛ²¹³/ Yinchuan/ʂə¹³/ Lanzhou/ʂə¹³/ Ürümqi/ʂɤ²¹³/ Wuhan/sɤ³⁵/ Chengdu/se¹³/ Guiyang/t͡se²¹³/ Kunming/ʂə²¹²/ Nanjing/ʂae⁴⁴/
/ʂe⁴⁴/ Hefei/ʂe⁵³/ JinTaiyuan/sɤ⁴⁵/ Pingyao/ʂʐ̩e̞³⁵/ Hohhot/sɤ⁵⁵/ WuShanghai/zo²³/ Suzhou/zo³¹/ Hangzhou/zz̩ʷei¹³/ Wenzhou/zei³⁵/ HuiShexian/ɕie³⁵/
/ɕia³⁵/ Tunxi/ɕia²⁴/ XiangChangsha/ʂə⁵⁵/ Xiangtan/ʂe⁵⁵/ GanNanchang/sɑ²¹/ HakkaMeixian/sa⁴⁴/ Taoyuan/ʃɑ⁵⁵/ CantoneseGuangzhou/sɛ²³/ Nanning/sɛ²⁴/ Hong Kong/sɛ¹³/ MinXiamen (Min Nan)/sia²²/ Fuzhou (Min Dong)/sia²⁴²/ Jian'ou (Min Bei)/ia⁴²/ Shantou (Min Nan)/sia³⁵/ Haikou (Min Nan)/te³³/
/se³⁵/
Rime Character Reading #1/1 Initial (聲) (25) Final (韻) (100) Tone (調)Rising (X) Openness (開合)Open Division (等)III Fanqie切 Reconstructions Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiaX/ Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiaX/ Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiaX/ Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiaX/ Li
Rong
/ʑiaX/ Wang
Li
/ʑĭaX/ Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯aX/ Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shè BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014) Character Reading #1/1 Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shè Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyæX › Old
Chinese
/*m-tʰAʔ/ Englishsacrifice to the spirit of the soil

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary. Zhengzhang system (2003) Character Reading #1/1 No.12497 Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljaːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. god of the soil
  2. altars to the god of the soil
  3. group of families
  4. company; society

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms from 社

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

See also: Category:Japanese terms spelled with 社

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (dzyæX, “god of earth; place for worshiping the god of earth”)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana やしろ, rōmaji yashiro)

  1. a shrine

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana しゃ, rōmaji -sha)

  1. Abbreviation of 会社 (かいしゃ kaisha) "company."; co.
  2. When in parentheses, an abbreviation of 社団法人 (しゃだんほうじん shadan hōjin), a type of incorporated association.

Coordinate terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. rural commune (administrative subdivision of Vietnam)

Compounds[edit]

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