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男 - Wiktionary

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to search See also: U+7537, 男 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7537 ← 甶
[U+7536]
CJK Unified Ideographs 甸 →
[U+7538]

Contents

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order Stroke order (Japan)

Han character[edit]

(radical 102, +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田大尸 (WKS), four-corner 60427, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 759, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21730
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1169, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2529, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7537

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character 男 ShangWestern ZhouSpring and AutumnWarring StatesShuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Oracle bone scriptBronze inscriptionsBronze inscriptionsChu Slip and silk scriptSmall seal scriptTranscribed ancient scripts

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (“field”) +  (“strength”) – man providing the strength for agricultural labour.

Etymology[edit]

Probably an area word. Compare Proto-Kiranti (*nam, "man"), Proto-Monic (*k()ɲoom, "young child"), Proto-Wa (*h/ʔn[o]m, "young man"), Thai หนุ่ม (nùm, “(of male) young; young man”) (Schuessler, 2007).

(“baron, lowest of five ranks of Chinese aristocracy”) is a sense derived from "man; male".

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lam5 - Chaozhou;
  • nam5 - Shantou.
  • Wu

  • Rime Character Reading #1/1 Initial (聲) (8) Final (韻) (159) Tone (調)Level (Ø) Openness (開合)Open Division (等)I Fanqie切 Reconstructions Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nʌm/ Pan
    Wuyun
    /nəm/ Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɒm/ Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nəm/ Li
    Rong
    /nᴀm/ Wang
    Li
    /nɒm/ Bernard
    Karlgren
    /năm/ Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nán BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014) Character Reading #1/1 Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nán Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nom › Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[ə]m/ Englishman, male

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary. Zhengzhang system (2003) Character Reading #1/1 No.9354 Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːm/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. man; male
        ―  nánrén  ―  man
        ―  nánhái  ―  boy
    2. son
      /   ―  zhǎngnán  ―  eldest son
    3. baron, lowest of five ranks of Chinese aristocracy (五等爵位) under the Zhou dynasty
    4. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (gōng, “male (of animals)”)

    Antonyms[edit]

    • (, “female”)

    Compounds[edit]

    Derived terms from 男

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic (男):

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    See also: Category:Japanese terms spelled with 男

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. man
    2. son
    3. baron

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Compounds

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term おとこ
    Grade: 1 kun’yomi

    ⟨woto2ko1⟩ → */wotəkʷo/ → /wotoko/ → /otoko/

    From Old Japanese.

    Derived from おと (oto, cognate with Old Japanese 復つ (wotu → otsu), “to become young”) +‎ (ko, “child”).

    Compare 少女 (otome, “young woman”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おとこ, rōmaji otoko, historical hiragana をとこ)

    1. a man
      Antonym: (onna)
    2. a male
      Synonym: (osu)
    3. a male lover
      Synonyms: 愛人 (aijin), 情人 (jōjin, jōnin), 情夫 (jōfu)
    4. a manservant
      Synonym: 下男 (genan)
    5. a husband
      Synonym: (otto)
    6. (obsolete) an unmarried young man
    7. (colloquial) homosexuality
      Synonyms: 男色 (danshoku), 若道 (nyakudō)
    Derived terms[edit]
    Derived terms
    Idioms[edit]
    Idioms
    Proverbs[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana おとこ, rōmaji Otoko, historical hiragana をとこ)

    1. a surname

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    Grade: 1 kun’yomi

    /wo/ → /o/

    From Old Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji o, historical hiragana )

    1. a man
      • 711712, Kojiki (poem 5)
        ...那 (な)許 (こ)曾 (そ)波 (は)遠 (を)迩 (に)伊 (い)麻 (ま)世 (せ)婆 (ば)... [Man'yōgana]
        ...汝 (な)こそはにいませば... [Modern spelling]
        na koso wa o ni imaseba
        (please add an English translation of this example)
      Antonym: (me)
    2. a husband
      Synonym: (otto)
      Antonym: (me)
    3. a male
      Antonym: , , (me)
    4. something large, powerful, or otherwise masculine
    Derived terms[edit]
    Derived terms

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term おのこ
    Grade: 1 Irregular

    Compound of (o, “male”, see above) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ko, “child”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おのこ, rōmaji onoko, historical hiragana をのこ)

    1. a boy
    Derived terms[edit]
    Derived terms

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term なん
    Grade: 1 goon

    /nam/ → /namʉ/ → /naɴ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC nʌm).

    The goon reading, so likely initial borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana なん, rōmaji nan)

    1. a man
      Synonym: 男性 (dansei)
    2. a son
      Synonyms: (segare), 息子 (musuko)
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term だん
    Grade: 1 kan’on

    /dam/ → /damʉ/ → /daɴ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC nʌm).

    The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana だん, rōmaji dan)

    1. a man
    2. a son
    3. a young man, especially one who reached adulthood
      Synonyms: 壮丁 (sōtei), 若者 (wakamono)
    4. (historical) a baron
      Synonym: 男爵 (danshaku)

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana だん, rōmaji Dan)

    1. a male given name

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 사내 (sanae nam))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Kunigami[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana いけが, romaji ikega, hiragana うんが, romaji unga)

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *weke.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いけが, romaji ikega)

    1. man

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *wenga.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うんが, romaji unga)

    1. man

    Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana いぃんが, romaji yinga)

    Etymology[edit]

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *wenga.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いぃんが, romaji yinga)

    1. man

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term ゐきが
    Grade: 1 kun’yomi Kanji in this term ゆきが
    Grade: 1 kun’yomi

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *weke.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ゐきが, rōmaji wikiga, alternative reading ゆきが, rōmaji yukiga)

    1. man
    Derived terms[edit]
    • 男しーじゃ (ゐきがしーじゃ, wikiga shīja, “older brother”)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term をぅとぅく
    Grade: 1 kun’yomi

    Possibly from Japanese (otoko, “man”).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana をぅとぅく, rōmaji wutuku)

    1. (literary) man

    References[edit]

    • ゐきが【男】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
    • ヰキガ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.
    • ヲゥトゥク” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    男: Hán Việt readings: nam[1][2][3]
    男: Nôm readings: nam[1][2]

    1. Hán tự form of nam (“man; male”).

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 Nguyễn (2014).
    2. 2.0 2.1 Nguyễn et al. (2009).
    3. ^ Trần (2004).

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana びんが, romaji binga)

    Etymology[edit]

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *wenga.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana びんが, romaji binga)

    1. man

    Yoron[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana をぅいが, romaji wuiga)

    Etymology[edit]

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *weke.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana をぅいが, romaji wuiga)

    1. man
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