This website does readability filtering of other pages. All styles, scripts, forms and ads are stripped. If you want your website excluded or have other feedback, use this form.

川 - Wiktionary

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to search See also: and U+5DDD, 川 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DDD ← 巜
[U+5DDC]
CJK Unified Ideographs 州 →
[U+5DDE]

Contents

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order

Han character[edit]

See images of
Radical 47 川

(radical 47, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 中中中 (LLL), four-corner 22000)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 323, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 624, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 32, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5DDD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character 川 ShangWestern ZhouWarring StatesShuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Oracle bone scriptBronze inscriptionsChu Slip and silk scriptSmall seal scriptTranscribed ancient scripts Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) Old Chinese *kʰjon *kʰjons *kʰuːn *sɢljun *sɢljun *sɢljun, *ɢljun *kljuns, *kʷeːnʔ *ɢljuns *qʰuns

Pictogram (象形) – compare (OC *qʰʷljilʔ).

Etymology[edit]

The Middle and Old Chinese reconstruction of this word is phonologically problematic (STEDT):

Schuessler (2007) relates this word to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kl(j)u(ŋ/k) (“river; valley”), whence (OC *kroːŋ, “river”), (OC *kloːɡ, “valley”), Tibetan ཀླུང (klung, “river”), Burmese ချောင်း (hkyaung:, “stream”). STEDT notes that this does not account for the *-n coda.

STEDT instead compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-t(w)əj-n ~ *m-ti-s (“water; fluid; liquid; river; soak; spit”), whence (OC *tʰiːlʔ, “tears”), Proto-Kuki-Chin *tuj (“water; fluid; liquid”), Chepang तीः (“water; rain; river”); this depends on a reconstruction with a dental initial and requires positing an *‑n suffix not present in Tibeto-Burman languages.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhoan - literary;
  • chhng/chhuiⁿ - vernacular (only used in 尻川).
Note:
  • cuang1/cuêng1 - literary;
  • ceng1 - vernacular (only used in 尻川).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime Character Reading #1/1 Initial (聲) (24) Final (韻) (78) Tone (調)Level (Ø) Openness (開合)Closed Division (等)III Fanqie切 Reconstructions Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕʰiuᴇn/ Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕʰʷiɛn/ Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕʰjuæn/ Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cʰwian/ Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕʰiuɛn/ Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕʰĭwɛn/ Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕʰi̯wɛn/ Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chuān BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014) Character Reading #1/1 Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chuān Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyhwen › Old
    Chinese
    /*t.l̥u[n]/ (MC -jwen is irregular) Englishstream, river

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary. Zhengzhang system (2003) Character Reading #1/1 No.1628 Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3 Corresponding
    MC rime
    穿 Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰjon/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. river; stream; brook
    2. Synonym of (cuān, “to boil food for a short time in boiled water”).
    3. Short for 四川 (Sìchuān, “Sichuan Province, China”).
    4. source (of a river)
    5. road
    6. plain
    7. Alternative form of 穿 (chuān).
    8. A surname​.

    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    See also: Category:Japanese terms spelled with 川

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. river

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Compounds

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かわ, rōmaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

    1. river, stream, brook

    Synonyms[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana かわ, rōmaji -kawa, historical hiragana かは)

    1. the ... river, used in named of rivers or streams

    (hiragana がわ, rōmaji -gawa, historical hiragana がは)

    1. the ... river

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (nae cheon))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (xuyên, xiên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Retrieved from "[en.wiktionary.org]" Categories: Hidden categories:

    Navigation menu

    Personal tools

    Namespaces

    Variants

      Views

      More

        Navigation

        Tools

        In other languages

        Print/export