國 - Wiktionary

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to search See also: U+570B, 國 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-570B ← 圊
[U+570A]
CJK Unified Ideographs 圌 →
[U+570C]

Contents

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order Taiwanese
stroke order

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 31, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田戈口一 (WIRM), four-corner 60153, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 219, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4798
  • Dae Jaweon: page 447, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 720, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+570B

Chinese[edit]

trad. simp. variant forms 


𡆿



𡆿

𡇅

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character 國 ShangWestern ZhouWarring StatesShuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Oracle bone scriptBronze inscriptionsChu Slip and silk scriptSmall seal scriptTranscribed ancient scripts Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) Old Chinese *kʷɯːɡs, *kʷrɯːɡ *kʷɯːɡs, *kʷrɯːɡ *kʷɯːɡs *kʷɯːɡs *kʷɯːɡ *ɡʷɯːɡ *ɡʷɯːɡ *ɡʷɯːɡ, *ɢʷrɯɡ *qʰʷrɯɡ *qʰʷrɯɡ, *ɡʷrɯɡ *qʰʷrɯɡ, *ɡʷrɯɡ *ɢʷrɯɡ *ɢʷrɯɡ *ɡʷrɯɡ *ɡʷrɯɡ *ɡʷrɯɡ *kʷrɯːɡ *kʷrɯːɡ *kʷrɯːɡ *kʷrɯːɡ *kʷrɯːɡ *kʷrɯːɡ *kʷrɯːɡ *qʰʷrɯːɡ *qʷrɯɡ *qʷɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʷɯːɡ): semantic  (“closure”) + phonetic  (OC *ɡʷɯːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data▼
VarietyLocationedit 國 MandarinBeijing/kuo³⁵/ Harbin/kuo²¹³/ Tianjin/kuo⁴⁵/ Jinan/kuə⁵⁵/ Qingdao/kuə⁵⁵/ Zhengzhou/kuo²⁴/
/kuɛ²⁴/ Xi'an/kuei²¹/ Xining/kuɨ⁴⁴/ Yinchuan/kuə¹³/ Lanzhou/kuə¹³/ Ürümqi/kuɤ²¹³/ Wuhan/kuɤ²¹³/ Chengdu/kue³¹/ Guiyang/kuɛ²¹/ Kunming/ko³¹/ Nanjing/kueʔ⁵/ Hefei/kuɐʔ⁵/ JinTaiyuan/kuəʔ²/ Pingyao/kuʌʔ¹³/ Hohhot/kuaʔ⁴³/ WuShanghai/koʔ⁵/ Suzhou/kuəʔ⁵/ Hangzhou/koʔ⁵/ Wenzhou/kai²¹³/ HuiShexian/kuʔ²¹/ Tunxi/kuə⁵/ XiangChangsha/kuə²⁴/ Xiangtan/ko²⁴/ GanNanchang/kuɛʔ⁵/ HakkaMeixian/kuet̚¹/ Taoyuan/kuet̚²²/ CantoneseGuangzhou/kwɔk̚³/ Nanning/kɔk̚³³/ Hong Kong/kwɔk̚³/ MinXiamen (Min Nan)/kɔk̚³²/ Fuzhou (Min Dong)/kuɔʔ²³/ Jian'ou (Min Bei)/ko²⁴/ Shantou (Min Nan)/kok̚²/ Haikou (Min Nan)/kok̚⁵/
Rime Character Reading #1/1 Initial (聲) (28) Final (韻) (132) Tone (調)Checked (Ø) Openness (開合)Closed Division (等)I Fanqie切 Reconstructions Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kwək̚/ Pan
Wuyun
/kʷək̚/ Shao
Rongfen
/kuək̚/ Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwək̚/ Li
Rong
/kuək̚/ Wang
Li
/kuək̚/ Bernard
Karlgren
/kwək̚/ Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014) Character Reading #1/1 Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guó Middle
Chinese
‹ kwok › Old
Chinese
/*[C.q]ʷˤək/ Englishstate (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary. Zhengzhang system (2003) Character Reading #1/1 No.5547 Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. country; nation; nation-state (Classifier: )
    /   ―  guójiā  ―  country
  2. Short for 國語国语 (guóyǔ, “Mandarin”).
  3. Short for 國民黨国民党 (Guómíndǎng, “Kuomintang”).
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms from 國

Descendants[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

See also: Category:Japanese terms spelled with 國

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. country, nation, nation-state

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana くに, rōmaji kuni)

  1. a land, a country

Korean[edit]

A variant of "國" commonly found in old books of pre-modern Korea.

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 나라 (nara guk))

  1. country, state, nation, land

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quốc, cuốc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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