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国 - Wiktionary

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to search See also: and U+56FD, 国 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56FD ← 囼
[U+56FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs 图 →
[U+56FE]

Contents

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order Stroke order Stroke order
(Japan)

Glyph origin[edit]

Alternative form of .

This character consists of 玉, the Chinese character for jade (or precious stone or gem) (representing the emperor), enclosed by . In the Kangxi Dictionary of 1716 the character 国 is not included, but other characters like 囯, 囶, 圀 and are. 國 is the original character.

Han character[edit]

(radical 31, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田一土戈 (WMGI), four-corner 60103, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 218, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 446, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 716, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+56FD

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“country; nation; nation-state; kingdom; Mandarin; etc.”).
(This character, 国, is the simplified and variant form of 國.) Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

See also: Category:Japanese terms spelled with 国

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Compounds

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term くに
Grade: 2 kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Nihon Shoki completed in 720 CE, and in the Man'yōshū completed some time after CE 759.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くに, rōmaji kuni)

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
    • 1998 November 30 [Nov 25 1990], Fujiko F. Fujio, のび太たとアニマル惑星プラネット [Nobita and the Animal Planet] (大長編ドラえもん; 10), volume 10 (fiction, in Japanese), 22nd edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 27:
      ねえねえ、今 (いま)の地 (ち)図 (ず)みた⁉
      Nē nē, ima no chizu mita⁉
      Hey look, isn’t that a map⁉
      みた!いったいここはなんという国 (くに)だろう。
      Mita! Ittai koko wa nan to iu kuni darō.
      It is! And what country is this anyway?
      クニクニってなあに。
      Kuni? Kuni tte nāni.
      Country? What’s a country?
      アメリカとか中 (ちゅう)国 (ごく)とかいろいろあるじゃない。
      Amerika toka Chūgoku toka iroiro aru ja nai.
      There are countries like America and China, aren’t there?
      ぼくらは日 (にっ)本 (ぽん)からきたんだけど…。
      Bokura wa Nippon kara kitan dakedo….
      We’re from Japan, by the way….
      ニッポン?きいたことない。
      Nippon? Kiita koto nai.
      Japan? I’ve never heard of that before.
  4. the office of emperor, the crown; affairs of state
  5. a province of ancient Japan
  6. the national government in ancient Japan; the national capital in ancient Japan
  7. one's birthplace

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term こく
Grade: 2 kun’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC kwək̚, “country, nation”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana こく, rōmaji koku)

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
Usage notes[edit]

Most often found in compounds.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quốc)

  1. (only in compounds) nation; state; country

References[edit]

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