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乄 - Wiktionary

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to search See also: U+4E44, 乄 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E44 ← 乃
CJK Unified Ideographs 久 →



Han character[edit]

(radical 4, 丿+1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 大山 (KU) or XX大山 (XXKU), composition)


  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 81, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 116
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 1, page 49, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4E44


Japanese Wikipedia has an article on: Wikipedia ja

Alternative forms[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

A 国字 (kokuji, “Japanese-coined character”). From 占める (shimeru), as cursive form of top component ト (also ). Then applied to other kanji of the same pronunciation, namely 締め, 閉め, 絞め, and 搾め, all pronounced しめ shime. Sense of “closed, fastened” is due to 閉める (shimeru, “to close”) and 締める (shimeru, “to fasten”).


(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. "letter closed" character (from 閉める, close)
  2. sum (from 〆高, 締高, sum)
  3. measurement of paper
  4. bundle (from 締める, fasten)


Usage notes[edit]

〆 is primarily used as an abbreviation for 締め, most commonly in 〆切, as an abbreviation for 締切 (shimekiri, “deadline; locked (door)”), also 締める (〆る) and 締高 (〆高). It is also sometimes used for 閉め, notably in sense of “closed envelope”. Even more rarely, it is used to abbreviate other kanji, including 絞め, 占め, and 搾め, as in 〆粕, (from 搾め糟 (しめかす)). There is also occasional use of 乄, as in 乄高.

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