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Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Swartz, Olaus - Wikisource, the free online library

Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography/Swartz, Olaus

From Wikisource < Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography Jump to navigation Jump to searchSwartz, Joel Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography
Swartz, Olaus Swatane→ Edition of 1889. See also Olaus Swartz on Wikipedia, and our Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography disclaimer. 1219139Appletons' Cyclopædia of American BiographySwartz, Olaus

SWARTZ, Olaus, Swedish botanist, b. in Norrkjoping, Sweden, in 1760; d. in Stockholm, 18 Sept., 1817. After receiving his education at Upsala, he travelled in Finland, Lapland, and the West Indies, and explored the coasts of South America in 1783, returning with a collection of rare plants. He was appointed professor of natural history in the Medico-chirurgical institute in Stockholm, and became one of the most celebrated botanists of his time. The genus Swartzia, of the order Leguminosæ, was named in his honor. Among his works are “Icones Plantarum Incognitarium,” illustrating the rare plants of the West Indies (Upsala, 1794-1800); “Flora Indiæ Occidentalis” (3 vols., 1797-1806); and “Lichenes Americani” (Nuremberg, 1811).

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