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The Basics of Chemistry

Richard Leroy Myers Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003 - Science - 373 pages 3 Reviews

Written for students beginning a formal study of chemistry, this volume encompasses many different topics in and approaches to introductory chemistry. Chapters are devoted to topics such as the atom, elements and the periodic table, bonding, equilibrium and kinetics, solutions, acids and bases, and chemical reactions. Several chapters discuss broad areas of chemistry including organic chemistry, biochemistry, environmental chemistry, and industrial chemistry. Illustrations and diagrams help the student understand chemical structures and reactions, and numerous tables present a wealth of reference information.

The historical developments of chemical concepts are traced, and biographical information is provided on key individuals responsible for the development of modern chemistry. Appendices include an extensive bibliography, a glossary of over 400 chemical terms, an overview of Nobel laureates in chemistry, and an element reference table. This book will be of use not only to students, but also to anyone seeking an overview of the field. Teachers of all grades can use Basics of Chemistry as a practical general reference.

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Selected pages

Title Page


Introduction Chemistry and Its Divisions 1 The Scientific Enterprise 2 What Is Chemistry? 3 Divisions of Chemistry 4 A Brief History of Chemistry 7 Greek Science 9 Alchemy 11 Chemistry in the Middle Ages 13 Chemical Definitions of Acids and Bases 156 Strengths of Acids and Bases 159 Acid Concentration 160 pH and pOH 161 Neutralization Reactions 163 Buffers 166 Summary 169 Electrochemistry 171

MoreThe Birth of Modern Chemistry 17 The Phlogiston Theory 19 Pneumatic Chemistry 20 Lavoisier 25 The Atom 31 Dalton and the Birth of the Atomic Theory 33 GayLussac and Avogadros Hypothesis 34 The Divisible Atom 35 Atomic Structure 38 Quantum Mechanics 40 A Modern View of the Atom 44 Atomic Mass Atomic Numbers and Isotopes 45 Summary 46 Atoms Combined 49 Naming Elements 50 Naming Compounds 51 Writing Chemical Formulas 54 Types of Reactions 55 From Molecules to Moles 56 Elements and the Periodic Table 61 The Modern Periodic Table 64 d and f Block Elements 67 Summary 69 Chemical Bonding 71 Dot Formulas the Octet Rule and Ionic Bonds 74 Covalent Bonds 76 Polar Molecules and Hydrogen Bonds 78 Bond Energies 79 The Metallic Bond 80 Modern Bonding Theory 82 Intermolecular Forces and the Solid and Liquid States 85 Characteristics of Solids Liquids and Gases 86 Crystalline Solids 90 Amorphous Solids 92 Liquids 93 Material Science 95 Gases 99 The Gas Laws 102 The Ideal Gas Law 106 Partial Pressure and Vapor Pressure 107 Applications of the Gas Laws 109 Phase Changes and Thermochemistry 113 Heating Curves 115 Calorimetry 118 Heat of Reaction 120 Applications of Heat of Reactions 122 Solutions 125 The Solution Process 126 Electrolytes 128 Concentration of Solutions 129 Solubility of Gases 130 Colligative Properties 131 Reactions of Solutions 134 Colloids and Suspensions 136 Kinetics and Equilibrium 139 The Collision Theory 140 Factors Affecting Reaction Rates 142 Reaction Mechanisms and Catalysis 144 Chemical Equilibrium 147 Le Chateliers Principle 149 The Equilibrium Constant 151 Ammonia and the Haber Process 152 Acids and Bases 155 Oxidation and Reduction 176 Oxidation Numbers 177 Electrochemical Cells 179 Electrolysis 184 Batteries 185 Corrosion 189 Electroplating 190 Commercial Applications and Electrorefining 191 Summary 193 Organic Chemistry 195 Organic Compounds 198 Aliphatic Hydrocarbons 199 Aromatic Hydrocarbons Benzene 205 Functional Groups and Organic Families 207 Petroleum 216 Organic Products 219 Summary 220 Biochemistry 221 Lipids 226 Proteins 229 Nucleic Acids 233 Biotechnology 236 Nuclear Chemistry 241 Radioactive Decay and Nuclear Reactions 243 HalfLife and Radiometric Dating 244 Nuclear Binding Energy Fission and Fusion 246 Fusion and Stellar Evolution 251 Transmutation 252 Nuclear Medicine 254 Radiation Units and Detection 255 Biological Effects of Radiation 257 Summary 259 Environmental Chemistry 261 Stratospheric Ozone Depletion 262 Acid Rain 266 The Greenhouse Effect 270 Water Quality 273 Air Pollution 278 Pesticides 281 Summary 287 The Chemical Industry 289 Acids and Alkalis 290 Explosives 292 Synthetic Dyes 293 Synthetic Fibers and Plastics 297 Synthetic Rubber 299 Petrochemicals 301 Industry Histories 302 Summary 307 Chemistry Experiments 309 Chemistry Experimentation 312 Chemical Activities 313 A Future in Chemistry 327 Careers in Chemistry 330 Professional Development and the American Chemical Society 332 Glossary 335 Brief Timeline of Chemistry 351 Nobel Laureates in Chemistry 355 Table of the Elements 361 Selected Bibliography 363 Author Index 365 Subject Index 369 Copyright


Other editions - View all

The Basics of Chemistry
Richard Myers
No preview available - 2003

Common terms and phrases

acetic acid rain acids and bases activity alcohol alpha alpha particles amino acids ammonia atmosphere atomic number basic battery benzene boiling calcium carbon dioxide carboxylic cathode cell century Chapter charge chem chemical industry chemical reaction chemistry chemists chlorine combine combustion common concentration contain covalent bonds developed dissolved elec electricity electrolyte electron configuration elements equation equilibrium example Figure fusion gases heat human hydrogen atoms hydrogen bonding hydroxide ical increase intermolecular forces involves ionic ionic bond ions isotopes Lavoisier liquid magnesium mass material ments metal mole molecular neutrons nitrogen nuclear nucleus orbital organic compounds oxidation number oxygen ozone particles periodic table phlogiston phlogiston theory plants polar pressure produce proteins protons radiation Rae Dejur reac reactants reacts sodium solid solubility solution solvent structure substance sulfur sulfuric acid synthetic temperature theory tion United valence electrons vapor water molecules zinc

References to this book

The 100 Most Important Chemical Compounds: A Reference Guide
Richard L. Myers
Limited preview - 2007

About the author (2003)

RICHARD MYERS is Professor of Environmental Science at Alaska Pacific University. He teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in chemistry, statistics, and environmental science. Dr. Myers' published research includes work on air quality, water quality, science education, and science and the humanities.

Bibliographic information

Title The Basics of Chemistry
Basics of the hard sciences Author Richard Leroy Myers Edition illustrated Publisher Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003 ISBN 0313316643, 9780313316647 Length 373 pages Subjects Science  › Chemistry  › General

Science / Chemistry / General
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