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Sunday, March 12th
The 071st  day of 2006.
There are 294 days left in the year.
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Today's Highlights in History

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On March 12, 1947, President Truman established what became known as the Truman Doctrine to help Greece and Turkey resist Communism. (Go to article.)

On March 12, 1858, Adolph Simon Ochs, the American publisher who built The New York Times into one of the world's top newspapers, was born. Following his death on April 8, 1935, his obituary appeared in The Times. (Go to obit. | Other Birthdays)

On March 12, 1870, Harper's Weekly featured a cartoon about black Americans and voting rights. (See the cartoon and read an explanation.)
On this date in:

1664 New Jersey became a British colony as King Charles II granted land in the New World to his brother James, the Duke of York.

1912 Juliette Gordon Low founded the Girl Guides, which later became the Girl Scouts of America.

1925 Chinese revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen died at age 68.

1930 Indian political and spiritual leader Mohandas K. Gandhi began a 200-mile march to protest a British tax on salt.

1933 President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered the first of his radio ''fireside chats,'' telling Americans what was being done to deal with the nation's economic crisis.

1938 The ''Anschluss'' took place as German troops entered Austria. Adolf Hitler annexed his homeland the following day.

1939 Pope Pius XII was crowned in ceremonies at the Vatican.

1940 Finland and the Soviet Union concluded an armistice during World War II.

1943 Aaron Copland's ''Fanfare for the Common Man'' was performed for the first time, by the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra with Eugene Goossens conducting.

1951 ''Dennis the Menace'' by cartoonist Hank Ketcham, made its syndicated debut in 16 newspapers.

1969 Rock musician Paul McCartney of the Beatles married Linda Eastman in London.

1980 A Chicago jury found John Wayne Gacy Jr. guilty of the murders of 33 men and boys.

1987 The musical ''Les Miserables'' opened on Broadway.

1993 Janet Reno was sworn in as the nation's first female attorney general.

1994 The Church of England ordained its first female priests.

1999 The Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland joined NATO in a ceremony at Independence, Mo.

2000 Pope John Paul II asked God's forgiveness for the sins of Roman Catholics through the ages, including wrongs inflicted on Jews, women and minorities.

2002 Andrea Yates of Houston was convicted of murder in the drowning deaths of her children in the family bathtub. (Her conviction was later overturned and she awaits a second trial.)

2002 Homeland security chief Tom Ridge unveiled a color-coded system for terror warnings.

2002 The U.N. Security Council approved a U.S.-sponsored resolution endorsing a Palestinian state for the first time.

2003 Elizabeth Smart, the 15-year-old girl who'd vanished from her bedroom nine months earlier, was found alive in a Salt Lake City suburb with two drifters.

2003 Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Djindjic was assassinated.

2004 Millions of Spaniards marched to protest train bombings in Madrid the day before that killed 191 people.

Current Birthdays

James Taylor turns 58 years old today.
AP Photo/Chris Pizzello Singer-songwriter James Taylor turns 58 years old today.

83 Wally Schirra
Former astronaut

78 Edward Albee

74 Andrew Young
Former Atlanta mayor

66 Al Jarreau
R&B-jazz singer

60 Liza Minnelli

59 Mitt Romney
Governor of Massachusetts

58 Kent Conrad
U.S. senator, D-N.D.

57 Bill Payne
Rock musician (Little Feat)

56 Jon Provost
Actor (''Lassie'')

53 Carl Hiaasen

49 Steve Harris
Rock musician (Iron Maiden)

49 Marlon Jackson
Singer (The Jackson Five)

49 Jerry Levine

46 Courtney B. Vance
Actor (''Law and Order: Criminal Intent'')

45 Titus Welliver

44 Darryl Strawberry
Baseball player

43 Julia Campbell

38 Aaron Eckhart

37 Graham Coxon
Rock musician

24 Samm Levine

Historic Birthdays

Adolph Simon Ochs
3/12/1858 - 4/8/1935
American newspaper publisher; owned The New York Times
(Go to obit.)

87 Andre Le Notre
3/12/1613 - 9/15/1700
French landscape architect; designed the Versailles gardens

67 George Berkeley
3/12/1685 - 1/14/1753
Anglo-Irish Anglican bishop, philosopher and scientist

72 Sir John Abbott
3/12/1821 - 10/30/1893
Canadian lawyer, statesman and prime minister (1891-92)

70 Clement Studebaker
3/12/1831 - 11/27/1901
American manufacturer; leader in the auto industry

74 Gabriele D'Annunzio
3/12/1863 - 3/1/1938
Italian novelist, dramatist, journalist and political leader

69 Wilhelm Frick
3/12/1877 - 10/16/1946
German statesman; Hitler's minister of the interior

60 Vaslav Nijinsky
3/12/1890 - 4/8/1950
Russian ballet dancer

68 Elaine de Kooning
3/12/1920 - 2/1/1989
American painter, teacher and art critic

47 Jack Kerouac
3/12/1922 - 10/21/1969
American poet, novelist and spokesman for the Beat movement

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SOURCE: The Associated Press
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