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BRAINMAPS.ORG - BRAIN ATLAS, BRAIN MAPS, BRAIN STRUCTURE, NEUROINFORMATICS, BRAIN, STEREOTAXIC ATLAS, NEUROSCIENCE

 

Abbreviations used for the  barn owl

The following is an alphabetical listing of all abbreviations with corresponding structures as named in A Stereotaxic Atlas of the Brain of the Pigeon (Karten and Hodos, 1967). Whenever possible, the names of structures have been taken from Nomina Anatomica (1961). Following each abbreviation is the name used in the atlas.

A small number of additions have been made to the names and abbreviations appearing in the original atlas.


AL Ansa lenticularis AW Anterior Wulst AQ Aqueductus cerebri A (ARCO) Archistriatum Ad Archistriatum, pars dorsalis Av Archistriatum, pars ventralis CDL Area corticoidea dorsolateralis AHP Area hypothalami posterioris APH Area parahippocampalis AP Area pretectalis Apo Area postrema TPO Area temporo-parieto-occipitalis (Edinger, Wallenberg, and Holmes) AVT Area ventralis (Tsai) BNST Bed nucleus of stria terminalis BCS Brachium colliculi superioris BC Brachium conjunctivum BCA Brachium conjunctivum ascendens BCD Brachium conjunctivum descendens BCTS Brachium conjunctivum descendens et tractus tectospinalis BO Bulbus olfactorius CF Campi Foreli CC Canalis centralis CIO Capsula interna occipitalis Cb Cerebellum CO Chiasma opticum CPa Commissura pallii CA Commissura anterior CP Commissura posterior CT Commissura tectalis CCV Commissura cerebellaris ventrali P Corpus pineale CTz Corpus trapezoideum (Papez) CPP Cortex prepiriformis CPi Cortex piriformis DBC Decussatio brachiorum conjunctivorum D/V Decussatio nervi trochlearis DSD Decussatio supraoptica dorsalis DSV Decussatio supraoptica ventralis DS Decussatio supraoptica DAS Dorsal acoustic stria TTD Descending tract of trigeminal nerve E Ectostriatum FDB Fasciculus diagonals Brocae FLM Fasciculus longitudinalis medialis FPL Fasciculus prosencephali lateralis FPM Fasciculus prosencephali medialis FU Fasciculus uncinatus (Russell) FUm Fasciculus uncinatus, pars medialis FRL Formatio reticularis lateralis mesencephali FRM Formatio reticularis medialis mesencephali FD Funiculus dorsalis FL Funiculus lateralis FV Funiculus ventralis Hp Hippocampus HA Hyperstriatum accessorium HD Hyperstriatum dorsale HIS Hyperstriatum intercalatus superior HV Hyperstriatum ventrale HVdv Hyperstriatum ventrale dorso-ventrale HVvv Hyperstriatum ventrale ventro-ventrale Hy Hypothalamus ICo Inferior colliculus Inf Infundibulum L Area L LFS Lamina frontalis superior LFM Lamina frontalis suprema LH Lamina hyperstriatica LMD Lamina medullaris dorsalis LL Lemniscus lateralis LM Lemniscus medialis LS Lemniscus spinalis LPO Lobus parolfactorius LoC Locus ceruleus N Neostriatum NC Neostriatum caudale NF Neostriatum frontale NI Neostriatum intermedium NIX-X Nervi glossopharyngeus et vagus NVI Nervus abducens NVII Nervus facialis NXII Nervus hypoglossus NVIII Nervus octavus NVIIIc Nervus octavus, pars cochlearis NVIIIv Nervus octavus, pars vestibularis NIII Nervus oculomotorius NV Nervus trigeminus NIV Nervus trochlearis GC Nuclei gracilis et cuneatus Ac Nucleus accumbens nAm Nucleus ambiguus An Nucleus angularis Anl Nucleus annularis nAL Nucleus ansae lenticularis AM Nucleus anterior medialis hypothalami AA Nucleus archistriatalis anterior Bas Nucleus basalis Cnd Nucleus centralis medullae oblongatae, pars dorsalis Cnv Nucleus centralis medullae oblongatae, pars ventralis CS Nucleus centralis superior (Bechterew) Cbi Nucleus cerebellaris internus vm Nucleus cerebellaris internus, pars ventromedialis CbM Nucleus cerebellaris intermedius CbL Nucleus cerebellaris lateralis CL Nucleus cervicalis lateralis Co Nucleus commissuralis (Haller) CoS Nucleus commissuralis septi CE Nucleus cuneatus externus NEx Nucleus externus GLd Dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus GLdp Nucleus geniculatus lateralis, pars dorsalis principalis GLv Nucleus geniculatus lateralis, pars ventralis D Nucleus of Darkschewitsch nDBC Nucleus decussationis brachiorum conjunctivorum DIP Nucleus dorsointermedius posterior thalami DLA Nucleus dorsolateralis anterior thalami DLL Nucleus dorsolateralis anterior thalami, pars lateralis DLM Nucleus dorsolateralis anterior thalami, pars medialis DLP Nucleus dorsolateralis posterior thalami DMA Nucleus dorsomedialis anterior thalami DMP Nucleus dorsomedialis posterior thalami EM Nucleus ectomamillaris TTD Nucleus et tractus descendens nervi trigemini Hb Nucleus habenularis HL Nucleus habenularis lateralis HM Nucleus habenularis medialis ICo Nucleus intercollicularis IC Nucleus intercalatus ICT Nucleus intercalatus thalami IM Nucleus intermedius IP Nucleus interpeduncularis IS Nucleus interstitialis (Cajal) IPS Nucleus interstitio-pretecto-subpretectalis INP Nucleus intrapeduncularis Imc Nucleus isthmi, pars magnocellularis Ipc Nucleus isthmi, pars parvocellularis IO Nucleus isthmo-opticus La Nucleus laminaris LA Nucleus lateralis anterior thalami LHy Nucleus lateralis hypothalami PLH Nucleus lateralis hypothalami posterioris LLd Nucleus lemnisci lateralis, pars dorsalis (Groebbels) LLv Nucleus lemnisci lateralis, pars ventralis (Groebbels) LMmc Nucleus lentiformis mesencephali (LM), pars magnocellularis LMpc Nucleus lentiformis mesencephali (LM), pars parvocellularis LC Nucleus linearis caudalis MC Nucleus magnocellularis ML Nucleus mamillaris lateralis PMH Nucleus medialis hypothalami posterioris MLd Nucleus mesencephalicus lateralis, pars dorsalis MLv Nucleus mesencephalicus lateralis, pars ventralis MNV Nucleus mesencephalicus nervi trigemini MPv Nucleus mesencephalicus profundus, pars ventralis (Jungherr) nX Nucleus motorius dorsalis nervi vagi MV Nucleus motorius nervi trigemini nVI Nucleus nervi abducentis nVII Nucleus nervi facialis nIX-X Nucleus nervi glossopharyngei et nucleus motorius dorsalis nervi vagi nXII Nucleus nervi hypoglossi OMd Nucleus nervi oculomotorii, pars dorsalis OMv Nucleus nervi oculomotorii, pars ventralis ODL Nucleus nervi oculomotorii, pars dorsolateralis nIV Nucleus nervi trochlearis NPC Nucleus of posterior commissure OA Nucleus olfactorius anterior OI Nucleus olivaris inferior OS Nucleus olivaris superior Ov Nucleus ovoidalis Pap Nucleus papillioformis PGL Nucleus paragigantocellularis lateralis PaM Nucleus paramedianus PMI Nucleus paramedianus internus thalami nPl Nucleus parasolitarius lateralis PVM Nucleus periventricularis magnocellularis PL Nucleus pontis lateralis PM Nucleus pontis medialis PV Nucleus posteroventralis thalami (Kuhlenbeck) POA Nucleus preopticus anterior POM Nucleus preopticus medialis (van Tienhoven) PPM Nucleus preopticus paraventricularis magnocellularis (van Tienhoven) nPPH Nucleus prepositus hypoglossi PT Nucleus pretectalis PD Nucleus pretectalis diffusus PTM Nucleus pretectalis medialis PPC Nucleus principalis precommissuralis NQL Nucleus quadratus lateralis R Nucleus raphes Rgc Nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis RL Nucleus reticularis lateralis Rpc Nucleus reticularis parvocellularis RP Nucleus reticularis pontis caudalis RPgc Nucleus reticularis pontis caudalis, pars gigantocellularis RPO Nucleus reticularis pontis oralis RSd Nucleus reticularis superior, pars dorsalis RSv Nucleus reticularis superior, pars ventralis Rt Nucleus rotundus RU Nucleus ruber SLu Nucleus semilunaris PrV Nucleus sensorius principalis nervi trigemini SL Nucleus septalis lateralis SM Nucleus septalis medialis S Nucleus solitarius SpL Nucleus spiriformis lateralis SCd Nucleus subceruleus dorsalis SCv Nucleus subceruleus ventralis SHL Nucleus subhabenularis lateralis SHM Nucleus subhabenularis medialis SP Nucleus subpretectalis SRt Nucleus subrotundus ST Nucleus subtrigeminalis SSp Nucleus supraspinalis SPC Nucleus superficialis parvocellularis (Nucleus tractus septomesencephalici) SO Nucleus supraopticus (Ralph) Tn Nucleus taeniae Ta Nucleus tangentialis (Cajal) TD Nucleus tegmenti dorsalis (Gudden) TV Nucleus tegmenti ventralis (Gudden) TPc Nucleus tegmenti pedunculo-pontinus, pars compacta TrS Nucleus tracheosyringalis T Nucleus triangularis TU Nucleus tuberis VLV Nucleus ventralis lemnisci lateralis VLT Nucleus ventrolateralis thalami VeD Nucleus vestibularis descendens VDL Nucleus vestibularis dorsolateralis (Sanders) VeL Nucleus vestibularis lateralis VeM Nucleus vestibularis medialis VS Nucleus vestibularis superior OVH Organum vasculosum hypothalami PA Paleostriatum augmentatum PP Paleostriatum primitivum PVH Paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus PvT Paraventricular nucleus of thalamus PH Plexus of Horsley PCT Polus caudalis telencephali PW Posterior Wulst PrV Principal trigeminal nucleus PCV Processus lateralis cerebello-vestibularis RxVM Radix mesencephalicus nervi trigemini SAC Stratum album centrale SCE Stratum cellulare externum SCI Stratum cellulare internum SGC Stratum griseum centrale SGF Stratum griseum et fibrosum superficiale SOp Stratum opticum SMe Stria medullaris ST Stria terminalis SG Substantia gelatinosa Rolandi (trigemini) GCt Substantia grisea centralis SGP Substantia grisea et fibrosa periventricularis SCN Suprchiasmatic nucleus TeO Tectum opticum ToS Torus semicircularis CHCS Tractus cortico-habenularis et cortico-septalis DA Tractus archistriatalis dorsalis CH Tractus cortico-habenularis FA Tractus fronto-archistriatalis FT Tractus fronto-thalamicus et tractus thalamo-frontalis HIP Tractus habenulo-interpeduncularis IN Tractus infundibularis TIC Tractus isthmocerebellaris TIO Tractus isthrno-opticus LO Tractus lamino-olivaris TrEM Tractus nuclei ectomamillaris (basal optic root) TOv Tractus nuclei ovoidalis OM Tractus occipitomesencephalicus TrO Tractus opticus PST Tractus pretecto-subpretectalis QF Tractus quintofrontalis TSM Tractus septomesencephalicus TS Tractus solitarius CbD Tractus spinocerebellaris dorsalis Cbv Tractus spinocerebellaris ventralis TT Tractus tectothalamicus TTS Tractus thalamostriaticus TVM Tractus vestibulo-mesencephalicus (Papez) TO Tuberculum olfactorium Va Vallecula VH Ventral horn of spinal cord VPa Ventral pallidum V Ventriculus VO Ventriculus olfactorius VMH Ventromedial nucleus of hypothalamus W Wulst