Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly

Government of Uttar Pradesh
Seal of Uttar Pradesh.jpg
Seat of Government Lucknow
Executive
Governor Banwari Lal Joshi[1]
Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav[2]
Deputy Chief Minister None
Legislature
Assembly
  • Vidhan Sabha
Speaker Mata Prasad Pandey[3]
Deputy Speaker None
Members in Assembly 404
Council Vidhan Parishad
Chairman Ganesh Shankar Pandey[4]
Deputy Chairman None
Members in Council 108
Judiciary
High Court Allahabad High Court at
Allahabad & Lucknow
Chief Justice Justice Shiva Kirti Singh (ACJ)[5]

The Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश विधान सभा) is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It has a total of 404 members including one Anglo-Indian member who is nominated by the Governor. Till 1967, it had a strength of 431 members including one nominated Anglo-Indian member. According to the recommendation of the Delimitation Commission, which is appointed after every Census, it was revised to 426. After reorganization of the State on 9 November 2000, the strength of the Legislative Assembly has become 404 including one nominated member to represent the Anglo-Indian community.[6] The Term of the Vidhan Sabha is five years unless dissolved earlier. The election for it is held on the principle of "one adult one vote".

History

Pre-independence

The Legislative Assembly for the United Provinces was constituted for the first time on 1 April 1937 in accordance with the Government of India Act, 1935. The strength of the Assembly as stipulated under the Act of 1935 was 228 and its term was five years. Sri Purushottam Das Tandon and Sri Abdul Hakim were elected the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker respectively on 31 July 1937.[7]

Post-independence

After Independence, the Legislative Assembly met for the first time on 3 November 1947. At its meeting on November 4, 1947, the Legislative Assembly adopted a resolution for the use of Hindi for the transaction of all its business and proceedings and accordingly all the business of the House was thereafter transacted in Hindi.

On February 25, 1948, the Assembly passed a resolution requesting the Governor to submit to the Governor General the request of the Assembly to the effect that the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad and the Oudh Chief Court be amalgamated.

Another important Resolution passed by the House on October 18, 1948 congratulated the Government of India, the military commanders and the soldiers on their successful police action against the Hyderabad State.[8]

Post-republichood

The first session of the U. P. Legislature (a provisional legislature) under the new Constitution, began on February 2, 1950 with an address by the Governor to both the Houses assembled together in the Assembly Hall. Prior to the commencement of the session, the Governor administered the oath to Hon'ble Sri P. D. Tandon and Hon'ble Sri Chandra Bhal respectively in their respective chambers. Thereafter all other members present took oath or made affirmation, as required by the Constitution, in their respective Houses.

An important legislative measure passed in 1950 was the U. P. Language (Bills and Acts) Act, 1950, which provided that the language to be used in Bills and Acts shall be Hindi in Devanagri script. In 1951, the U. P. Official Language Act was passed adopting Hindi in Devanagri script as the language to be used for official purpose of the State.

On 11 August 1950 the Hon'ble Speaker Sri Purshottam Das Tandon resigned from his office. On 21 December 1950 the Deputy Speaker, Hon'ble Sri Nafisul Hasan was elected the Speaker. During the course of his reply to the congratulatory speeches on the occasion, he declared that unlike his predecessor, he would not be taking part in politics as long as he remained the Speaker.

Sri Hargovind Pant was elected the Deputy Speaker on January 4, 1951.[9]

After the first elections

The newly elected Assembly of Uttar Pradesh met on May 19, 1952. On May 20, 1952, Hon'ble Sri Atma Ram Govind Kher was elected the Speaker. During the course of his reply to the congratulatory speeches made on the occasion, he said that of the two different conventions set by his two predecessors in office in the matter of taking part in politics he would like to follow neither but would strive to follow a middle course in this regard. He said that he would not take part in active politics nor hold any office in the Congress Party to which he belonged, but at the same time he would continue to be a member of that party and take part in non-controversial activities, particularly relating to social and developmental work.[10]

Elections to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly were held in:

  1. 1951[11]
  2. 1957[12]
  3. 1962[13]
  4. 1967[14]
  5. 1969[15]
  6. 1974[16]
  7. 1977[17]
  8. 1980[18]
  9. 1985[19]
  10. 1989[20]
  11. 1991[21]
  12. 1993[22]
  13. 1996[23]
  14. 2002[24]
  15. 2007[25]
  16. 2012[26]

Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly terms

Following are the dates of constitution and dissolution of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. First sitting date and date of completion of term for each Vidhan Sabha can be different from the constitution and dissolution dates (respectively).[27]

Vidhan Sabha Constitution Dissolution Days
1st 20-May-1952 31-Mar-1957 1,776
2nd 01-Apr-1957 06-Mar-1962 1,800
3rd 07-Mar-1962 09-Mar-1967 1,828
4th 10-Mar-1967 15-Apr-1968 402
5th 26-Feb-1969 04-Mar-1974 1,832
6th 04-Mar-1974 30-Apr-1977 1,153
7th 23-Jun-1977 17-Feb-1980 969
8th 09-Jun-1980 10-Mar-1985 1,735
9th 10-Mar-1985 29-Nov-1989 1,725
10th 02-Dec-1989 04-Apr-1991 488
11th 22-Jun-1991 06-Dec-1992 533
12th 04-Dec-1993 28-Oct-1995 693
13th 17-Oct-1996 07-Mar-2002 1,967
14th 26-Feb-2002 13-May-2007 1,902
15th 13-May-2007 09-Mar-2012 1,762
16th 08-Mar-2012 -

Political parties

e • d Summary of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 2012 result
Party Seats contested Seats won Seat change Vote share Swing
Samajwadi Party 224 Increase 127
Bahujan Samaj Party 80 Decrease 126
Bharatiya Janata Party 47 Decrease 4
Indian National Congress 28 Increase 6
Rashtriya Lok Dal 9 Decrease 1
Nationalist Congress Party 1 Steady 0
Independents 14
Total - 403 -
Turnout: 59.5%
Source: Election Commission of India

Members of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly elected in 2012

The following is the list of the members elected in 2012 to the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha:[28]

Constituency Candidate Party
Jhansi Nagar Ravi Sharma Bharatiya Janta Party
Babina Krishanpal Singh Rajpoot Bahujan Samaj Party
Garautha Deepnarayan Singh Yadav Samajwadi Party
Mauranipur Dr. Rashmi Arya Samajwadi Party
Bijnor Kunwar Bhartendu Singh Bharatiya Janta Party
Noorpur Sh. Lokendra Singh Chauhan Bharatiya Janta Party
Dhampur Sh. Moolchand Chauhan Samajwadi Party
Nagina Manoj Kumar Paras Samajwadi Party
Nehtaur Om Kumar Bahujan Samaj Party
Afzalgarh Muhammad Gazi Bahujan Samaj Party
Nazibabad Tashleem Bahujan Samaj Party
Chandpur Sh. Iqbal Samajwadi Party
Kanth Aneesurrehman Peace Party
Thakurdwara Kunwar Sarvesh Singh Bharatiya Janta Party
Amroha Mehboob Ali Samajwadi Party
Hasanpur Ferhat Hasan Bahujan Samaj Party
Gangeshwari Harpal Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
Sambhal Iqbal Mehmood Samajwadi Party
Bahjoi Aqeel-Ur-Raheman Khan Bahujan Samaj Party
Chandausi Girish Chandra Bahujan Samaj Party
Kunderki Akbar Hussain Bahujan Samaj Party
Moradabad West Rajeev Channa Bharatiya Janata Party
Moradabad Sandeep Agrawal Samajwadi Party
Moradabad Rural Usmanul Haq Samajwadi Party
Suar Tanda Nawab Kazim Ali Khan Alias Navaid Samajwadi Party
Rampur Mohd.Azam Khan Samajwadi Party
Bilaspur Sanjay Kapoor Indian National Congress
Shahabad Kashi Ram Bharatiya Janata Party
Bisauli Umlesh Yadav Rashtriya Parivartan Dal
Saiyadraja Manoj Singh W independent
Gunnaur Mulayam Singh Yadav Samajwadi Party
Sahaswan D. P. Yadav Rashtriya Parivartan Dal
Bilsi Yogendra Sagar Bahujan Samaj Party
Budaun Mahesh Chandra Bharatiya Janata Party
Usehat Muslim Khan Bahujan Samaj Party
Binawar Ram Sevak Singh Bharatiya Jan Shakti
Dataganj Sinod Kumar Shakya Bahujan Samaj Party
Aonla Radha Krishna Bahujan Samaj Party
Sunha Dharmendra Kumar Kashyap Samajwadi Party
Faridpur Vijay Pal SIngh Bahujan Samaj Party
Bareilly Cantonment Virendra Singh Bahujan Samaj Party
Bareilly City Rajesh Agrawal Bharatiya Janata Party
Nawabganj Bhagwat Saran Gangwar Samajwadi Party
Bhojipura Shazil Islam Ansari Bahujan Samaj Party
Padrauna Swami Prasad Maurya Bahujan Samaj Party
Seorahi (Tamkuhiraj) Dr.P.K.Rai Samajwadi Party
Kawar Sultan Beg Samajwadi Party
Harchandpur Surendra Vikram Singh Samajwadi Party
Bhagwantnagar Kuldeep Singh Senger Samajwadi Party
Safipur Sudhir Rawat Samajwadi Party
Allahabad Pervez Muhammad Siddqui Samajwadi Party
Sisamau Haji Irfan Solanki Samajwadi Party
Kalyanpur Satish Kumar Nigam (Advocate) Samajwadi Party

See also

Notes

  1. ^ List of Governors @ U.P. Legislative Assembly website
  2. ^ List of Chief Ministers @ U.P. Legislative Assembly website
  3. ^ List of Speakers of Legislative Assembly @ U.P. Legislative Assembly website
  4. ^ List of Chairmen of Legislative Council @ U.P. Legislative Assembly website
  5. ^ List of Hon'ble Judges of Allahabad High Court
  6. ^ It stayed at 403 + 1 in the delimitation of 2008 which incorporated the 2001 census data. "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008". The Election Commission of India. 
  7. ^ [www.uplegassembly.nic.in]
  8. ^ [www.uplegassembly.nic.in]
  9. ^ [www.uplegassembly.nic.in]
  10. ^ [www.uplegassembly.nic.in]
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  13. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1962 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  14. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1967 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  15. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1969 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  16. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1974 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  17. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1977 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  18. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1980 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  19. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1985 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  20. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1989 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  21. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1991 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  22. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1993 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  23. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1996 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. 
  24. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2002 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  25. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2007 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. 
  26. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2012 to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh". Election Commission of India. 
  27. ^ "Vidhan Sabha terms". U.P. Assembly website. Retrieved Jan 2014. 
  28. ^ A partial list of winners in the 2012 Uttar Pradesh election to the Legislative Assembly may be found at "Uttar Pradesh Assembly Election 2012 Results". Zee News Limited (An Essel Group Company). 2012. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. 

References

External links