Moradabad

Moradabad
मुरादाबाद
مُرادآباد
city
Moradabad Railway Station entrance
Moradabad Railway Station entrance
Nickname(s): Brass City
Moradabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Moradabad
Moradabad
Coordinates: 28°50′N 78°47′E / 28.83°N 78.78°E / 28.83; 78.78
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Moradabad
Area
 • Total 3,493 km2 (1,349 sq mi)
Elevation 198 m (650 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 889,810
 • Density 250/km2 (660/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu, English, Khariboli, Haryanvi, Punjabi, Kumaoni
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 244001
Telephone code 0591
Vehicle registration UP 21
Website www.moradabad.nic.in

Moradabad About this sound pronunciation  (Hindi: मुरादाबाद, Urdu: مُرادآباد‎), is a city, commissionary, and a municipal corporation in Moradabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 1600 by prince Murad, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan;

Moradabad is situated at a distance of 167 km (104 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi and 262 miles (421 km) north-west of the largest city of state i.e. Kanpur., on the banks of the Ramganga River (a tributary of the Ganges). The city is nicknamed Pital Nagri, ("City of Brass") for its famous brass handicrafts industry.[2] It is also divisional headquarters of Northern Railway (NR).[3]

History

In 1632, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan appointed Rustam Khan, the governor of Kather Sambhal to capture it and he set up a fort at this place and named it as Rustam Nagar. Later on it was named as Moradabad after Shah Jahan's son Murad Baksh, and this name persists. Physical development of the city was started after the construction of a Jama Masjid on the orders given by Shah Jahan to Rustam Khan in 1637.

For the early history of Moradabad see History of Bareilly. It passed into the possession of the British in 1801. The population in 1901 was 1,191,993.[citation needed]

In 1980, the city witnessed Hindu-Muslim riots, which left hundreds of people dead.

Geography

The city of Moradabad is on a ridge west of the river Ramganga,[4] about 650 feet above sea-level.[5]Moradabad railway station is on a line built by Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway, 868 miles from Kolkata.

The city is divided into enclaves, vihars and sectors. It is on NH 24, which is a four-lane highway that connects New Delhi to Lucknow.

Demographics

In the 2011 census of India, Moradabad city had a population of 889,810.[1] The municipality had a sex ratio of 908 females per 1,000 males and 12.4% of the population were under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 70.65%; male literacy was 74.05% and female literacy was 66.90%.[1] The languages spoken in Moradabad city are Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi and English.

Industry

The town forms a large centre of trade in country produce. It has a special industry in ornamental brass ware, sometimes plated with lac or tin, which is then engraved. Cotton weaving and printing are also carried on.

The government is investing a lot of money to improve infrastructural facilities to promote the industrial activities at Moradabad like 24-hour un-interrupted power supply, construction of by-pass road, proposal for widening and making the four-lane Delhi-Moradabad Road. About 450 acres of land has been acquired to develop a new industrial area for export-oriented units at Pakbara to Dingarpur Road. Thus this is good opportunity for entrepreneurs to establish their projects.

Handicrafts industry

Brass paperweight, along with zinc and copper samples.

Moradabad is a major handicrafts manufacturing and exporting center famous for its brass handicrafts and thus is known as 'Brass City'. The modern, attractive, and artistic brass ware, jewelry and trophies made by skilled artisans are the main crafts. The brass ware is exported to countries like the USA, Britain, Canada, Germany and the Middle East. There are about 600 export units and 5000 industries in the district. Moradabad exported goods worth Rs. 4000 crore in FY12-13. With increasing prices of Brass exporters are also focusing on other metals such as Steel and Aluminium. Mentha is also exported in several crores from Moradabad. Due to increase of exports and popularity in, especially, Europe,[citation needed] America,[citation needed] Italy[citation needed] and other countries,[citation needed] a large number of exporters are establishing their units and started their export.[citation needed] Moradabad is one of them seven industrial corridors declared by the state government in industrial policy 1999-2002.[citation needed] Moradabad also has an SEZ spread on 450 acres of land.

Education

Playschools

Universities

Hospitals

Engineering and management colleges

Medical colleges

Degree colleges

ISC/ICSE Schools

CBSE/U.P. board Schools

  1. Viksit Inter College, Baldev Puri Moradabad
  2. Bahman Public School
  3. Kamal Public School
  4. Ather Ali Memorial Public School
  5. Anita Inter College Gari Chandpur Moradabad
  6. F. D. Inter College(Falahe Darain Inter College Moradabad)
  7. Rani Pritam Kunwar School Senior Secondary (RPK BILARI MORADABAD-)Asgar Ali Khan]
  8. Raghunandan National Inter College (R N inter college)
  9. Parker Intermediate College
  10. RGSA Girls Inter College Chandpur Moradabad
  11. Delhi Public School
  12. Shirdi Sai Public School
  13. c.l.Gupta World School
  14. S. S. Children Academy
  15. Nosegay Sr. Sec. School
  16. Saviour's Public School
  17. RSD Academy
  18. KGK Inter College
  19. KCM school
  20. Methodist Girls Inter College
  21. Ansar inter college moradabad
  22. Chitra Gupt Ineter College
  23. Asian Public School
  24. R R K Public School
  25. Sacred Heart Convent School
  26. St. Mary's School
  27. St. Plus College
  28. PMS Public School
  29. Maharaja Agarsen Public School
  30. Amtul's Public School
  31. Bal Vidya Mandir
  32. Chander Pal Arya Adarsh Kanya Vidyalya
  33. Delhi Public School
  34. Hewett Muslim Inter College (HMIC)
  35. Adam & Eve's Convent School
  36. Free Will Baptist School
  37. Gandhi Nagar Public School Moradabad
  38. Green Meadows School
  39. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalya
  40. Jeevan Jyoti Vidyalya
  41. Kendriya Vidyalya
  42. Modern Public School
  43. St. Andrews Boys Junior High School
  44. St. Joseph's Junior High School
  45. St. Judes School
  46. St. Perpetua Girls Junior High School
  47. Prabha Devi Aadarsh kanya inter college
  48. V.K.S. Public School
  49. Shamsi Public School
  50. OXFORD Public School
  51. Athar Ali Memorial Public School
  52. Sabira Public School
  53. St. Stephen Public School
  54. Kailash Chandra Memorial Senior Secondary School(K.C.M.)
  55. S.S. inter college
  56. ICEL Educational College
  57. Depty Jagannath singh saraswati vidya mandir katghar, moradabad
  58. Cambridge Public School,Lal Bagh,Moradabad
  59. Moradabad Inter College, Moradabad
  60. P.L.J.L. Rastogi Inter College

Places of Interest

Transport

By Rail

Moradabad railway station is well connected through rail. It is major railway station of Western Uttar Pradesh and located just 167 km from National Capital New Delhi, Moradabad also has the divisional headquarters of Northern Railway. It lies on Lucknow–Moradabad line Moradabad-Ambala line and Delhi–Moradabad line Rajdhani, Shatabdi, Garib Rath Express and many Super Fast Express trains pass through and stop at Moradabad junction. More than 150 trains passes through Moradabad railway station[7] and many local trains are available to nearby Cities. There are many trains to major cities like Kolkata, New delhi, Guwahati, Ahemedabad, Chandigarh, Lucknow, Varansi, Dehradun, Allahabad, Patna, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Dibrugarh, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jammutawi, Tatanagar, Kanpur and Agra Etc. Daily about 10 trains run from Moradabad to Ramnagar[8] and about 50 trains runs daily to Lucknow.[9]

By Road

There are plenty of Buses are available from Moradabad to Delhi, Lucknow, Allahabad, Jaipur, Chandigarh, Shimla, Meerut, Agra, Barrielly, Dehradun, Haridwar, Kanpur, Nanital, Ramnagar and Etc.

Following Highways are connected to Moradabad.

*National Highway 24- It connects capital of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow to National capital New Delhi. 
 It is four lane from Moradabad to New Delhi and under progress from Moradabad to Lucknow.
*National Highway 93- It connects Moradabad to Taj Nagri Agra via Aligarh
SH49-Moradabad to Dhampur (Known as Moradabad Haridwar road)
SH76-Moradabad to Bijnor
SH78-Pakbara(Moradabad) to Amroha
SH43-Moradabad to Chandausi
Moradabad-Sambhal-Bhajoi Road
Moradabad-Kashipur Road (MDR-65W)

By Air

Nearest International Airport from Moradabad is Indra Gandhi International Airport,New Delhi. It is just 180 km from Moradabad.[10] Moradabad Airport is in under construction, it is situated midway between Moradabad and Rampur city on NH 24. The Government of Uttar Pradesh signed a MoU with the Airports Authority of India (AAI) in February 2014 for the development of the airport.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  2. ^ Majid Husain. Understanding: Geographical: Map Entries: for Civil Services Examinations: Second Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-07-070288-2. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Northern Railway: Moradabad Division". 
  4. ^ Heilprin, Angelo and Heilprin, Louis, ed. (1906). "Moradabad". Lippincott's new gazetteer: a complete pronouncing gazetteer or geographical dictionary of the world. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: J. B. Lippincott. p. 1219. OCLC 1870625. 
  5. ^ Bareilly, India, Sheet NH 44-13 (topographic map scale 1:250,000), Series U-502, Washington, D.C.: United States Army Map Service, April 1958 
  6. ^ [www.holidayiq.com]
  7. ^ [www.indiantrains.org]
  8. ^ [indiarailinfo.com]
  9. ^ [indiarailinfo.com]
  10. ^ [www.google.co.in]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links