|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||303.26 g/mol|
1087 °C, 1360 K, 1989 °F
|Solubility in water||0.0032 g/100 mL (15 °C)
0.00425 g/100 mL (25 °C)
|Solubility||insoluble in alcohol|
|Refractive index (nD)||1.877|
|Crystal structure||orthorhombic, barite|
|Std enthalpy of
|Specific heat capacity, C||103 J/degree mol|
|EU classification||Repr. Cat. 1/3
Dangerous for the environment (N)
|R-phrases||R61, R20/22, R33, R62, R50/53|
|S-phrases||S53, S45, S60, S61|
|Threshold Limit Value||0.15 mg/m3|
|Other anions||Lead(II) chloride, Lead(II) bromide, Lead(II) iodide, Lead(II) fluoride|
|Other cations||Tin(II) sulfate, Sodium sulfate, Copper(II) sulfate|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Lead(II) sulfate (British English sulphate) (PbSO4) is a white crystal or powder. It is also known as fast white, milk white, sulfuric acid lead salt or anglesite.
It is often seen in the plates/electrodes of car batteries, as it is formed when the battery is discharged (when the battery is recharged, then the lead sulfate is transformed back to metallic lead and sulfuric acid on the negative terminal or lead dioxide and sulfuric acid on the positive terminal). Lead sulfate is poorly soluble in water.
Lead(II) sulfate is prepared by treating lead oxide, hydroxide or carbonate with warm sulfuric acid, or by treating a soluble lead salt with sulfuric acid.
Alternatively, it may be created by the interaction of solutions of lead nitrate and sodium sulfate.
Lead sulfate is toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin contact. It is a cumulative poison, and repeated exposure may lead to anemia, kidney damage, eyesight damage or damage to the central nervous system (especially in children). Some lead salts may cause reproductive defects and cardiovascular disturbances. It is also corrosive - contact with the eyes can lead to severe irritation or burns. Typical threshold limit value (above which the substance is harmful) is 0.15 mg/m³.
Basic and hydrogen lead sulfates
A number of lead basic sulfates are known: PbSO4·PbO; PbSO4·2PbO; PbSO4·3PbO; PbSO4·4PbO. They are used in manufacturing of active paste for lead acid batteries. A related mineral is leadhillite, 2PbCO3·PbSO4·Pb(OH)2. a
At high concentration of sulfuric acid (>80%), hydrogen lead sulfate, Pb(HSO4)2, forms.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lead(II) sulfate|
- Case Studies in Environmental Medicine (CSEM): Lead Toxicity
- ToxFAQs: Lead
- National Pollutant Inventory - Lead and Lead Compounds Fact Sheet